Bonsai Trees

By: Charudatta M Choudhari A-28(TE-Mechanical)

Only if you undertake it merely as a hobby which to gain enjoyment out of it.INTRODUCTION • Bonsai trees are not genetically dwarfed plants. . • Overall bonsai trees are something that are quite personalized and there are no strict rules to abide by. • Given the proper care they can live for hundreds of years being passed on from generation to generation. they are full size trees and are kept small by planting them in small planting pots.

by periodic repotting. by pinching off new growth.MAINTENANCE • They are developed from seeds or cuttings. . and by wiring branches and trunks so that they grow into the desired shape. • Bonsai are kept small by pruning branches and roots. from young trees or naturally occurring stunted trees transplanted into containers.

gnarled trunks which often looked like animals.HISTORY • • • • The bonsai first appeared in China over a thousand years ago on a very basic scale. it is translated to say: “To appreciate and find pleasure in curiously curved potted trees is to love deformity. known as the practice of growing single specimens. it leaves us to believe that growing dwarfed and twisted trees in containers was an accepted practice .” Whether this was intended as a positive or negative statement. They displayed sparse foliage and rugged. In an ancient Japanese scroll written in Japan around the Kamakura period. dragons and birds.

That is the sad part of the activity. You will kill trees. Learn to care for different types of plants and grow your collection from their. Learn from your mistakes and do your best to prevent them in the future.TIPS TO REMEMBER • • • • Bonsai is an outdoor activity. You will make mistakes. especially starting out. learning and experience is the best teacher. Putting trees in pots doesn’t transform them into indoor plants. . If you keep them inside they will die. everyone does.

WATERING •More bonsai are lost due to improper watering than from any other causes. • Bonsai should be watered every day or two. soil moisture. The best time is in the morning or late afternoon. •The length of time between watering can vary quite a bit depending on conditions such as humidity. and size of the pot. .

.REPOTTING • • • • A bonsai must periodically be repotted to supply a potbound root system with fresh soil. It is also necessary to keep the root system balanced with the top growth. This should be done in early spring. Most require repotting every two to three years and should be placed in specialized pots. Do not let root system dry out while repotting and do not place in direct sun light for at least on week.

but check label directions for your tree. Miracle grow and Mir-acid are commonly used. A water-soluble fertilizer is usually applied every two to four weeks. Never fertilizer a very dry bonsai you’ll burn it’s roots and any decorative moss. . Pre-moisten the plant soil first. Do not feed right after repotting (wait 3-4 weeks). Don’t feed if the tree is in a sicken condition.FERTILIZING • • • • Feedings vary from plant to plant.

.TRIMMING PRUNING AND TRAINING • • • • Trimming and pruning are the means by which a bonsai is kept small. The roots are trimmed and the tree limbs are wound with annealed copper wire to assist the branches to grow in the special way you want. It is important however never to remove all of the new growth. You should trim the tree when the new growth comes in the spring.

Every branch and twig of a bonsai is shaped or eliminated until your shape is desired. Then the tree must be shaped. . texture and color of one complements the other.THE DESIRED LOOKS • • The tree and the pot from a single harmonious unit where the shape.

 .  The most important requirement for this style is keeping the trunk perfectly straight.FORMAL UPRIGHT A tree with a style such as formal upright only occurs when it has grown in the open under perfect conditions.

INFORMAL UPRIGHT In nature.  An informal upright bonsai the trunk should slightly bend to the left or right.  . but never towards the viewer. these trees bend or alter their direction away from wind or shade.

SLANTING STYLE • • • Trees that slant naturally occur a result of really strong winds or deep shade during early development. away from the angle of the trunk lean. the whole trunk leans at a definite angle. The stronger roots grow out on the side. . Whether curved or straight. to support the weight.

 .CASCADE The growing tip of a cascade bonsai reaches below the base of a container.  All that is needed to require this shape is a tall narrow pot which will enhance the style.  The trunk has a natural taper and gives the impression of the forces of gravity.

as long as the effect is strongly horizontal.  .  The angle of the trunk in this bonsai is not precise.SEMI-CASCADE Like the cascade projects over the rim of the container. but does not drop below the base.  The style occurs in nature when trees grow on cliffs. even if the pant grows well below the level of the pot rim.

GALLERY Fukien Tea Maple Jasmine Orange Chinese Elm Flowering Quince Fukien Tea .

GALLERY Serissa Foetida Yew Podocarp Fukien Tea Honeysuckle Maple clinging to rock Japanese Maple .

GALLERY Ko-Mayumi Prunus Mume Lilac Japanese Juneberry Crepe Myrtle Howthorn .

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