***************

PHYSIOLOGY
of

the

REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM ***************

• Preservation

.

Propagation

jon bon jovi

eva longoria

MALE & FEMALE GONADS

SEXUAL DIFFERENTIATION
• Genetic sex • Gonadal sex • Genital sex > Gender assignment

ru paul

The M A L E G O N A D S

The M A L E G O N A D S

SPERMATOGENESIS
• Phase 1: stem cell renewal and proliferation of spermatogonia • Phase 2: germ cell proliferation • Phase 3: spermiogenesis

• Meiosis involves two successive divisions of a diploid (2N) eukaryotic cell of a sexually reproducing organism that result in four haploid (N) progeny cells, each with half of the genetic material of the original cell. Through the mechanisms by which paternal and maternal chromosomes segregate, and the process of crossing-over, genetic variation is produced in the haploid cells.

MEIOSIS

T H E O V A R I E S

T H E O V A R I E S

OOGENESIS

The Menstrual Cycle

T H E O V A R I E S

PUBERTY

PREGNANCY

EVENTS OF PREGNANCY
I. Copulation (1) excitement phase; (2) plateau phase; (3) orgasmic phase (4) resolution phase.

MALE SEXUAL FUNCTIONING
• • • • 1. 2. 3. 4. flaccid phase tumescence phase Full erection phase rigid phase

Descending CNS pathways triggered by thoughts, emotions and sensory inputs such as sight and smell

input from penis mechanoreceptors

NEURONS TO PENIS

increased activity of neurons that release nitric oxide decreased activity of sympathetic neurons dilation of penile arteries erection compression of veins

EVENTS OF PREGNANCY
I. Copulation A. Female Sexual Functioning 1. Parasympathetic impulses 2. spinal cord reflexes 3. cervix opens post orgasm x 20 to 30 minutes 4. capacitation

EVENTS OF PREGNANCY
• II. Fertilization
– . timing

. egg transport . capacitation

EVENTS OF PREGNANCY
• III. Implantation conceptus
Blastocyst trophoblast Inner cell mass Integrins Laminins Osteopontin Fibronectin

EVENTS OF PREGNANCY
• IV Placentation

EVENTS OF PREGNANCY
• V. Parturition
increased stretch of uterine wall Prostaglandin Secretion by Uterus UTERINE CONTRACTIONS

reflexes originating in birth canal

I N C R E A S E D oxytocin oxytocin receptors in secretion myometrium by posterior pituitary

EVENTS OF PREGNANCY
• VI. LACTATION
SUCKLING NIPPLE MECHANORECEPTOR STIMULATION Hypothalamus DOPAMINE SECRETION PRF SECRETION PLASMA DOPAMINE PLASMA PRF Anterior Pituitary PROLACTIN SECRETION PLASMA PROLACTIN Breasts GLAND SELL STIMULATION CONTRACTION OF MYOEPITHELIAL CELLS Posterior Pituitary OXYTOCIN SECRETION

PLASMA OXYTOCIN

MILK SYNTHESIS

MILK EJECTION

EVENTS OF PREGNANCY
• VI Lactation

EVENTS OF PREGNANCY
• VII. CONTRACEPTION

go forth and multiply…..

The end

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