HABIB COLLEGE OF COMMERCE & ECONOMICS

ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES
INDIAN POPULATION

Prepared by JAVED SALIM KHAN ROLL NO: 32 FYB.COM / A

GUIDED BY SHAZIA MOHAMMED .

India’s Population s s s s s Second largest population in the world 1 billion One out of every 6 people lives in India Population growing at the rate of 1.9% per year 16% of world’s total population .

4 billion s Could overtake China and become the most populous .India’s Population Future s 2025 population could reach 1.

2 years Female: 64.6 years .000 population •Death Rate: 9.94 biths/ 1.98 male/female •Life Expectance at Birth: Total population: 63.06 male/female 15-64 years: 1.Population Facts •Birth Rate: 25.61/ 1.9 years Male: 63.08 males/ female 65 years and over: 0.05 male/ female Under 15: 1.000 population •Age Structure: 0-14 years: 34% 15-64 years: 62% 65 years and over: 4% •Sex Ratio: At birth: 1.

Factors Affecting Population Growth Availability and acceptability of contraceptives and health services for women and children s Cultural preference for sons s Education status of women s Infant mortality rate s .

2 children Bihar and Uttar Tradesh (northern) 6 children Fertility Rates .6 children Rates vary widely from region to region Kerala (southern) .An Indian woman has an average of 3.

CONTROLLING POPULATION s 1959 announced a policy to lower the birth rate s Clinics s Family planning .

POVERTY s30-40% of the population live in poverty s4 out of 5 of India’s poor live in rural areas .

Literacy The literacy level of women has a significance on the fertility rate.5% •Female: 37. Literacy Rates: (age 15 and over who can read and write) •Total Population: 52% •Male: 65.7% .

Urban Life •Three of the world’s largest cities are in India Bombay. •Overcrowding is a problem for public transportation systems. Calcutta. •Air pollution is a serious problem •Most serious environmental problem and threat to public health is inadequate access to clean water and sanitation . New Delhi •Indians are migrating to the cities in search of jobs and a better life.

ETHNIC DIVISIONS s Indo-Aryan 72% s Dravidian 25% s Mongoloid and other 3% .

4% Religions s Hindu .4% s Sikh 2% s Buddhist 0.5% s Other 0.80% s Muslim 14% s Christian 2.7% s Jains 0.

Common Languages s s s s s s s s Hindi Assamese (Assam) Bengali (West Bengal and Bangla Desh) s s s s s s s s Gujarati (Gujarat) Kannada (Karnataka) Kashmiri (Jammu and Kashmir) Marathi (Maharashtra) Oriya (Orissa) Punjabi (Punjab) Sanskrit (Classical) Sindhi (North-west frontier) Konkani (Konkan region) Malayalam (Kerala) Tamil (Tamil Nadu) Telugu (Andhra Pradesh) Urdu (Jammu and Kashmir) .

Official language (30%) s English .Official working language s 15 national languages recognized by the Indian constitiution s Languages spoken in over 1600 dialects s Most Indians speak more than one language s .Language Facts Hindi .

Painting s Classical Bharatanatyam. Manipuri s Traditional Crafts s Traditional Literature Fiction.s Creative CULTURE Arts Dances Sculpture. Kathak. Architecture. Kathakali. Epics .

India Economy .

Total Land Use 55% = Arable Land s 23% = Forest s 4% = Meadows and Pastures s 1% = Permanent Crops s 17% = Other s .India .

goats. jute. s Other Crops are: oilseed. cotton. and fish. s Chief Summer Crops are Rice and Millet. poultry. sugarcane. sheep. s . cattle.Agriculture Agriculture makes up 35% of India's National income. potatoes. water buffalo. s Chief Winter Crops are Wheat and Pulses. tea.

Electrical Goods.How India Makes Money s s Exports $29. Iron.5 Billion (1995). and Petroleum. Coffee. Cotton Goods. and Handicrafts. Raw Jute.96 Billion (1995). Cereals. Copper. . Diamonds. s s Imports 33. Zinc. Leather.

000 villages.Village Farming There are approximately 600. s . s Villages use irrigation because small rivers run dry in the summer. s 65% of the population lives in villages. s Most of the villages use animal power for plowing.

low cost labor. s Imports of second hand goods is allowed.Industrial Policy Light restrictions on capitol good imports. s India has high skilled. s . s Developing an exchange rate for the Rupee.

The government runs railroads. Petroleum.Industries s s s India ranks among the top ten industrial nations. Chemicals. automobile manufacturing and banks. Cement. s s Major Industries: Textiles. There are 300.000 registered companies. Food Processing. Mining. Transportation equipment. and Machinery . Steel.

Change In Indian Life s Arundathi Roy. There has always been great poverty in India. “In the last three years television has changed India like nothing else has. winner of the Booker Prize says. If you come into a country and say ‘you must consume more’ when people do not even have enough to live on. but it was poverty without greediness. It has introduced a commercial greedy culture. Before television there was an absence of greed. . you are injecting greed into a culture which was not previously greedy.

India has become one of the top five industralised nations in the world s India has the least adequate telephone system of any of the industrializing countries Three of every four villages have no telephone service Only 5% of India’s villages have long-distance service s Dress: Men in the North wear a loose type of pyjama and kurta (shirt). s FACTS ABOUT INDIA . Men in the South and East use dhotis Women wear the sari: the way it is worn varies from region to region s Common form of greeting: “Namaste” both hands are joined and raised in greeting Women do not generally shake hands.

INDIA’S STORY s s s s s s s s s s The Indus Valley Civilization Aryans and the Vedic Age Rise of Religions and Emergence of the State The Gupta Age The Southern Kingdom The Muslim Invasions The Marathas Coming of the Europeans The Struggle for Independence The New State .

curd (dahi). vegetables s . rice.CUISINE Hindu and Muslim religious traditions have had the most influence on cuisine s Essence of Indian cooking is in the appropriate use of aromatic spices s Main ingredients: milk products (ghee). lentils (dals).

shahi tukra. and pickles s Dessert: Rasagulla. kulfi s . gulabjamuns. rasamalai. curd. chutney. fried vegetables. snadesh. kheer. curries.Typical North-Indian Meal Cahpatis or Rotis s Parathas s Rice s Assortment of accessories: Dals.

Idli. Vada. Dal s Dessert: Pak or Payasum s .Typical South-Indian Meal Rice s Sambhar s Rasam s Dry and curried vegetables s Pachadi s Coconut s Dosa.

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