ConvonlionaI and Modoin LIoclionic Ignilion

W!iovidos a nolhod of luining a spaik ignilion ongino cn c cff.
Wpoialos on vaiious suppIy voIlagos (8a||crq c A||crna|cr)
W!ioducos high voIlago aics al lho spaik pIug oIocliodo.
Wisliilulos spaik lo oach pIug in coiiocl soquonco.
W%inos lho spaik so lhal il occuis as lho pislon noais lho %C on lho
conpiossion slioko.
W'aiios lho ignilion lining as ongino spood, Ioad and olhoi condilions
chango.
BATTERY piovidos povoi foi syslon.
IGNITION 5WITCHaIIovs diivoi lo luin ignilion on and off.
IGNITION COIL changos lalloiy voIlago lo 3O,OOO' duiing
noinaI opoialion and has a polonliaI lo pioduco up lo 6O,OOO'.
5WITCHING DEVICE nochanicaI oi oIoclionic svilch lhal opoialos
Ignilion coiI
5PARK PLUG usos high voIlago fion ignilion coiI lo pioduco an aic
in lho conluslion chanloi.
IGNITION 5Y5TEM WIRE5 connocl conpononls.
%ho hoail of any ignilion
syslon is lho IgnItInn
cnI!.
%ho coiI cioalos a high-
voIlago spaik ly
oIoclionagnolic
induclion.
Many ignilion coiIs
conlain lvo sopaialo lul
oIocliicaIIy connoclod
vindings of coppoi viio.
IGURE 8-1 InloinaI consliuclion of an oiI-cooIod
ignilion coiI. Nolico lhal lho piinaiy vinding is
oIocliicaIIy connoclod lo lho socondaiy vinding. %ho
poIaiily (posilivo oi nogalivo) of a coiI is doloininod
ly lho diioclion in vhich lho coiI is vound.
nochanicaI
lining dovico
iivos off ongino
canshafl
Can conlioIs lolh
piinaiy and
socondaiy ciicuils
May conlain
advanco unils
DlSTRlBUTES THE SECONDARY VOLTAGE
TO THE SPARK PLUGS THROUGH THE
HlGH TENSlON LEADS.
BlGGEST PROBLEM lS CARBON
TRACKlNG.
HlGH VOLTAGE MlN. 10,000 VOLTS
RESPONSlBLE |OR GETTlNG THE ELECTRlClTY
|ROM THE COlL TO THE CAP S PLUGS.
CARBON lMPREGNATED CARBON CORD.
RESlSTANCE APPROX 3-7 K OHMS PER |OOT.
COATlNGS
1. SlLlCONE RUBBER
2. HYPALON
3. NEOPRENE
$paik pIugs aio
nanufacluiod fion
coianic insuIalois
insido a slooI shoII.
%ho lhioads of lho
shoII aio ioIIod and a
soal is foinod lo
cioalo a gaslighl soaI
vilh lho cyIindoi
hoad.
IGURE 8-32 !ails of a lypicaI spaik pIug.
Battcry supp!Ics
pnwcr tn cntIrc
systcm
IgnItInn 5wItch
turns cngInc nn nr
nff
CnI! transfnrms
vn!ts
5wItchIng dcvIcc
trIggcrs IgnItInn cnI!
5park P!ug and
wIrcs dIstrIbutc
spark
PrImary cnI! cnnncctcd tn
battcry, thrnugh IgnItInn swItch,
and tn thc cnntact brcakcr, whIch
Is grnundcd.
Currcnt f!nws thrnugh thc
prImary cIrcuIt.
DIstrIbutnr shaft npcratcd by
cngInc cam ,drIvcs thc cnntact
brcakcr.
Currcnt changcs sct up magnctIc
fIc!d In thc prImary cIrcuIt and
thc sccnndary cIrcuIt.
Changc In magnctIc fIc!d
Induccs currcnt In sccnndary
cnI!.
5ccnndary cnI! cnnncctcd
tn spark p!ug thrnugh
dIstrIbutnr cap.
Induccd currcnt In
sccnndary cnI! prnvIdcs
thc rcquIrcd vn!tagc fnr
prnducIng spark.
nr cvcry cnntact brcak
spark Is prnduccd.
Magnolo is a spociaI lypo of ignilion syslon
vilh ils ovn oIocliic gonoialoi lo piovido lho
nocossaiy onoigy foi lho syslon.
Magnolo can lo oilhoi rc|a|ing arna|urc lypo oi
rc|a|ing nagnc| lypo.
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alloiy is nocossaiy.
Cuiionl foi piinaiy ciicuil is
ollainod fion lho lalloiy.
good spaik is avaiIalIo al
lho spaik pIug ovon al Iov
spood.
Lfficioncy of lho syslon
docioasos vilh lho ioduclion
in spaik inlonsily as ongino
spood iisos.
No lalloiy is noodod.
Roquiiod oIocliic
cuiionl is gonoialod ly
lho nagnolo.
uiing slailing, quaIily
of spaik is pooi duo lo
Iov spood.
Lfficioncy of lho syslon
inpiovos as lho ongino
spood iisos duo lo high
inlonsily spaik.
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ccupios noio spaco.
ConnonIy usod in cais
and Iighl connoiciaI
vohicIos.
ccupios Ioss spaco.
MainIy usod in iacing
cais .
16
!iolIons Wilh ConvonlionaI
Ignilion $yslon
Contact Breaker Contact Breaker
LIMITATIONS OF
CONVENTIONAL IGNITION
1. SLOW COIL SATURATION.
2. SLOW RISE TIME.
3. SIDE THRUST ON DISTRIBUTER SHAFT.
4. CONTACT POINT PROBLEMS.
A. LIMITED CURRENT
B. BURNING & PITTING
5. GRADUAL LOSS OF TUNE-UP FEELING.
Rcp!accmcnt nf thc mcchanIca! pnInts wIth a
"sn!Id statc" scmIcnnductnr swItch ca!!cd a
transIstnr.
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Thc abI!Ity nf transIstnr tn Intcrrupt a cIrcuIt
carryIng a rc!atIvc!y hIgh currcnt makcs It an
Idca! rcp!accmcnt fnr brcakcr pnInts and
cnndcnscr nf cnnvcntInna! IgnItInn systcm.
Uscs c!cctrnnIc
cnntrn! cIrcuIt tn
npcratc thc
IgnItInn cnI!
Mnrc dcpcndab!c
than cnntact
systcm
HIghcr sccnndary
IgnItInn vn!tagcs
IGNITION MODULE
PURPOSE:
THE IGNITION MODULE USES TRANSISTORS TO
TURN THE CURRENT FLOW FOR THE COIL
PRIMARY WINDINGS ON AND OFF
IT GETS IT SIGNAL TO DO THIS FROM THE
IGNITION PICK UP COIL
MOST LATE MODEL CARS HAVE A ENGINE
CONTROL MODULE (ECM) WHICH
COMUNICATES WITH THE IGNITION MODULE
THEREFORE CONTROLLING IGN. COIL.
PICK UP COIL
PURPOSE:
SIGNALS THE TRANSISTORS IN THE IGNITION
MODULE TO OPERATE.
USES A PERMANENT MAGNET AND A COIL OF WIRE
AS THE RELUCTOR ( TOOTHED WHEEL MOUNTED TO
THE DISTRIBUTOR SHAFT) PASSES THE PICK UP COIL, A
SMALL AMOUNT OF CURRENT IS GENERATED WHICH
SENDS A SIGNAL TO THE MODULE
THERE ARE NO WEARING PARTS.
AIR GAP IS A CRITICAL ADJUSTMENT AND MUST BE
MADE WITH A BRASS FEELER GUAGE (NON MAGNETIC)
Hall Hall- -Effect Sensors Effect Sensors
Most popular electronic ignition triggering device Most popular electronic ignition triggering device
Hall Effect Sensors are used in many ignition Hall Effect Sensors are used in many ignition
system distributors to trigger the primary circuit system distributors to trigger the primary circuit
(fire the coil) and to monitor engine rpm. (fire the coil) and to monitor engine rpm.
Produce a constant voltage signal that can Produce a constant voltage signal that can
change abruptly from maximum voltage to nearly change abruptly from maximum voltage to nearly
zero and back again regardless of engine speed. zero and back again regardless of engine speed.
Produces a square wave output signal that can Produces a square wave output signal that can
be easily used by the onboard computer for be easily used by the onboard computer for
timing purposes. timing purposes.
MODERN ÌGNÌTÌON SYSTEMS MODERN ÌGNÌTÌON SYSTEMS
Ìn modern automobiles the following two Ìn modern automobiles the following two
types of electronic ignition systems are types of electronic ignition systems are
being used. They are being used. They are- -
1. 1. Transistorised Transistorised Coil Ìgnition System (TCÌ Coil Ìgnition System (TCÌ
System) System)
2. 2. Capactive Capactive Discharge Ìgnition System (CDÌ Discharge Ìgnition System (CDÌ
System) System)
Transistor Transistor Controlled Controlled Ìgnition Ìgnition
dvantages dvantages of of TCÌ TCÌ
The The timing of TCÌ is more precise with the timing of TCÌ is more precise with the
use of the Transistors use of the Transistors..
Quicker current build up, high ignition Quicker current build up, high ignition
voltages, long duration of spark. voltages, long duration of spark.
Ìncreased reliability, reduced wear of Ìncreased reliability, reduced wear of
contact points. contact points.
Extended spark plug life. Extended spark plug life.
Ìmproved ignition of lean mixtures. Ìmproved ignition of lean mixtures.
Capacitive Discharge Ìgnition Capacitive Discharge Ìgnition
dvantages dvantages of of CDÌ CDÌ
Condenser of CDÌ system can store much larger Condenser of CDÌ system can store much larger
energy than TCÌ system. This allows high output energy than TCÌ system. This allows high output
voltages even at high spark rates. voltages even at high spark rates.
Faster voltage rise as internal resistance is less. Faster voltage rise as internal resistance is less.
Current drawn from battery is small art lower Current drawn from battery is small art lower
speeds and increases with increases with speeds and increases with increases with
engine speed which is reverse of conventional engine speed which is reverse of conventional
ignition system which draws high current at low ignition system which draws high current at low
speeds. speeds.
Easier cold starting. Easier cold starting.
Output voltage is independent of engine speed. Output voltage is independent of engine speed.
This reduces the chances of misfiring. This reduces the chances of misfiring.
%NK Y&.