R | Adoption | Relationships & Parenting

ADOPTION

Binalingbing, Maria Angela L.

Definition
Adoption  is a juridical act creating a relationship between two persons, whether related or not, whereby a person (adopted) is raised to the status of a legitimate child of the other (adopter). (The Family Code of the Philippines)

An adoption order has the effect of severing the parental responsibilities and rights of the birth parents and transferring those responsibilities and rights onto the adoptive parents. After the finalization of an adoption, there is no legal difference between adopted children and those born to the parents.

Aims and Purpose of Adoption
to supply solace to those who have no children or to those who lost them  social and moral purpose: to extend to the orphan or to the child of the indigent, the incapacitated or the sick, the protection of the society in the person of the adopter  for infertile couples to fulfill their generativity

Reasons for Adoption
Adoptive Parents  infertility or inability to reproduce biologically  lack of a partner of the opposite sex or a lack of desire to use a surrogate or sperm donor (single people and same sex couple)  following divorce or death of one parent (step-parent adoption)

to avoid contributing to perceived overpopulation  to avoid passing on inheritable diseases Birth family  they are unable to adequately care for the child  due to maltreatment by their birth parents  birth parents are not in the position to raise a child, doing so would interfere with their future plans and goals, gender preference, or societal stigma towards single parenthood

Types of Adoption (by effect on the parties involved)
Open adoption  is where the adopted person has access to their file and/or original records  where birth parents decide that they would like to meet the adoptive parents before they choose to place their baby with them

Semi-open adoption  the birth parents may meet the adoptive parents one or several times and then have no more physical contact Closed adoptions  non-identifying information is shared between the parties involved, such as medical history, up to the point of placement. After the adoption is legalized, no further information is shared between the adoptive and birth parents

Types of adoption (by location and origin)
Domestic adoption  is the placement of a child for adoption within the country in which he or she was born and normally resides Foster care adoption  is a type of domestic adoption where the child is initially placed into a foster care system and is subsequently placed for adoption

intra-family adoption  occurs when a child is adopted by an existing close family member and/or his or her partner International adoption  is the placing of a child for adoption outside that child’s country of birth

Who may adopt? Qualifications of the Adopter:
must be of legal age  must have full civil capacity and legal rights  must be of good moral character  must not have been convicted of a crime involving moral turpitude  must be emotionally and psychologically capable of caring for children

must be at least 16 years older than the adoptee  capable of supporting and caring for his own children The general rule is that, the adopter if married, must adopt jointly with his or her spouse

Who to adopt?
OLDER CHILD Many older children in need of homes-shorter wait Know birth parentshelpful in handling child’s grief Done with baby stuff BABY Form valuable attachment or bond Grow-up with your child

More teaching opportunities

Adoption after infertility
their focus begins to shift away from pregnancy - emotionally and physically – sense of relief  over time there is a lessening of envy and angry feelings toward others who are pregnant or have children  the joy of adoption also brings with it an unexpected healing

Ethical Principles Applied:
Stewardship  Beneficence

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