doc.: IEEE 802.

15-06-0331

BAN (Body area networks)
Definition Usage scenarios

Submission

Slide 1

By. P. Victer Paul
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doc.: IEEE 802.15-06-0331

What is BAN ?
A Body Area Network is formally defined by IEEE 802.15 as, "a communication standard optimized for low power devices and operation on, in or around the human body to serve a variety of applications including medical, consumer electronics / personal entertainment

Submission

Slide 3

doc.: IEEE 802.15-06-0331

A WBAN consists of multiple sensor nodes

Each capable of sampling, processing, and communicating one or more vital signs (heart rate, blood pressure, oxygen saturation, activity) or environmental parameters (location, temperature, humidity,light). Typically, these sensors are placed strategically on the human body or hidden in users’ clothes allowing ubiquitous health monitoring

Submission

Slide 4

doc.: IEEE 802.15-06-0331

Body Area Networks –Target Position
Average power consumption, sustained data rate
1 Gbit/s

Wireless USB
100 Mbit/s 10 Mbit/s 1 Mbit/s

IEEE 802.11 a/b/g Bluetooth

100 kbit/s

ZigBee
10 kbit/s 1 kbit/s

2 mW Submission

5 mW

10 mW

20 mW

50 mW Slide 5

100 mW

200 mW

500 mW

1000 mW

doc.: IEEE 802.15-06-0331

Usage Scenarios
• • • • • • Body senor network Fitness monitoring Wearable audio Mobile device centric Video stream Remote control & I/O devices

Submission

Slide 6

doc.: IEEE 802.15-06-0331

Body Sensor Network
• Medical application
– – – – Vital patient data Wireless sensors Link with bedside monitor Count on 10 – 20 sensors

• • • •

Five similar networks in range Minimum setup interaction Potentially wide application Total traffic / patient < 10 kbps
Slide 7

Submission

doc.: IEEE 802.15-06-0331

Body sensor networks

Wireless sensor technology for health monitoring applications called Body Sensor Network. BSN is a rich interdisciplinary area which revolutionizes the health care system by allowing inexpensive, continuous health monitoring with real-time updates of medical records via Internet

Submission

Slide 8

doc.: IEEE 802.15-06-0331

Fitness Monitoring
• Central device is MP3 player • Wireless headset included • Expand functionality
– – – – – – – Speed, distance Heart rate, respiration monitor Temperature sensor Pacing information Location information Wristwatch display unit Etc.

• Total system load < 500 kbps • Synchronization may go faster
Submission Slide 9

doc.: IEEE 802.15-06-0331

Wearable Audio
• Central device is headset • Stereo audio, microphone • Connected devices
– – – – – – – Cellular phone MP3 player, PDA CD audio player AP at home Handsfree car Remote control Others

• Requires priority mechanism • Network load < 500 kbps
Submission Slide 10

doc.: IEEE 802.15-06-0331

Mobile Device Centric
• Mobile terminal is central point • Covers broad set of data
– – – – Sensors – vital, other Headset Peripheral devices Handsfree / car

• Provide gateway to outside
– Offload sensor data, other

• Requires priority mechanism • Network load < 500 kbps
Submission Slide 11

July 2006

doc.: IEEE 802.15-06-0331

Remote Control & I/O Devices
• Remote control device
• • • • Increase consumer convenience Makes headset control practical Stand-alone vs shared function Combine with wristwatch display ?

• Printers • Identification, storage • Wireless pen • Complement BAN functionality
Submission Slide 13 Stefan Drude, Philips

July 2006

doc.: IEEE 802.15-06-0331

Technical Requirements
• There is no specific standard for BANs
– Current standards come close for specific use cases, not broad enough – Issues: power consumption, discovery, QoS – Support for very low power devices, sensors

• Target less than 10% power consumption for communications compared to total device • Have single standard with broad range of supported data rate - scalability
Submission Slide 14 Stefan Drude, Philips

July 2006

doc.: IEEE 802.15-06-0331

BAN Requirements - Draft
• • • • • Distance Piconet density Devices per network Net network throughput Power consumption 2 m std, 5 m special 2 - 4 nets / m2 max. 100 100 Mbit/s max. ~ 1mW / Mbps
(@ 1 m distance)

• Startup time

• Latency (end to end) • Network setup time

< 100 us, or < 10% of TX slot 10 ms < 1 sec
(after initial setup, per device)

Submission

Slide 15

Stefan Drude, Philips

July 2006

doc.: IEEE 802.15-06-0331

BAN Requirements - Draft
• Implementation module cost
• Should be comparable to Bluetooth module

• Effective sleep mode(s) • Concept for effective, remote wake-up • Operates in global, license-exempt band

Submission

Slide 16

Stefan Drude, Philips

July 2006

doc.: IEEE 802.15-06-0331

BAN Requirements - Draft
• Privacy, security • Peer to peer communication, point to multipoint • Omni-directional antennas: small, flexible • Future proof [for 5 years?]
– Upgradeable, scaleable, backwards compatibility

• Support for several power management / consumption schemes [classes]
Submission Slide 17 Stefan Drude, Philips

July 2006

doc.: IEEE 802.15-06-0331

BAN Requirements - Draft
• Quality of service, guaranteed bandwidth
– Specific definitions, depends on application

• Graceful degradation of services
– Depends on application, not always desireable

• Concurrent availability of asynchronous and isochronous channels • Low duty cycle and high duty cycle modes • Very low duty cycle applications (sensors)
Submission Slide 18 Stefan Drude, Philips

July 2006

doc.: IEEE 802.15-06-0331

Interest Group on BAN in 802.15 (2)
Conclusions on low data rate applications

• Support different classes of QoS for high reliability, asymmetric traffic, power constrained • Needs optimized, low complexity MAC and Networking layer • High number of simultaneously operating piconets required • Application specific, security/privacy required • Small form factor for the whole radio, antenna, power supply system • Locating radios (” find me”) mode
Submission Slide 19 Stefan Drude, Philips

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