You are on page 1of 31

GPRS

GPRS – General Packet


Radio Service

Digital Dream Service


GPRS

Course Objectives

 Understand and describe the basic of GPRS


data transmission.

 Describe how a GPRS phone works under


GPRS network.

 Name the requirements needed for GPRS


services.

Digital Dream Service


GPRS

GPRS – Content
• GSM-Evolution
• Voice
• Data
• Development
• Data Rates and Speed
• Circuit vs. Packet Switched Network
• Higher Data Transfer Rates through
• New coding schemes
• Timeslot packaging (Multislot Classes)
• Mobile Classes
• Packet switched Data Transfer ( Comparing to HSCSD)
• Using GPRS services
• How GPRS phone works
• How data sent/received over GPRS
• Benefits of GPRS
• GPRS FAQs
• GPRS Q&A

Digital Dream Service


GPRS

GSM - Voice Communication

Customers need to verbally communicate ...

 Speech

 Basic service of GSM network or any telephone


network system.

Digital Dream Service


GPRS

GSM - Data Communication


 Basic Service
- Short Message Services (SMS)
 Popularity of INTERNET and EMAIL Access
- Large amount of data transmission
- Transmission speed critical
 Limitation of 9600kbps on GSM

GPRS - General Packet Radio Service

Digital Dream Service


GPRS

GSM – Development
Content

t i bility
a
Co mp
r d
nwa Phase 2+
Dow

UMTS
• New Services
• High Data Rates
• Closed User Groups

Phase 2 Phase 2
ISDN-Features ISDN-Features
• CLIP • CLIP
• Call Waiting a.s.o. • Call Waiting a.s.o.

Phase 1 Phase 1 Phase 1


Speech + Speech + Speech +
Data Data Data

1991 1995 1997 Year

Digital Dream Service


GPRS

DATA Rates and Speed


Speed EDGE
• Packed switched
• Modified modulation technique: 8 PSK
• Bundling of up to 8 physical channels
• up to 345,6 kbps (ECSD)
• up to 473,6 kbps (EGPRS)

GPRS
• Packed switched
• Bundling of up to 8 physical channels
• Channel coding: up to 21,4kbps >>max. 171,2kbps

HSCSD
• Circuit switched Depends on
• Bundling of up to 8 physical channels coding scheme
• Channel coding: up to 14,4kbps >>max. 115,2kbps

GSM
• Circuit switched Reduced
• one physical channel
• 0,3 to 9.6 kbps error protection Time

Digital Dream Service


GPRS

DATA Rates and Speed


GSM
Traffic channel Information Error protection Time slots Total

>Voice (full rate) 13,0 kbit/ 9,8 kbit/s max. 1 22,8 kbit/s

>Data 2,4 kbit/s 20,4 kbit/s max. 1


4,8 kbit/s 18,0 kbit/s “
9,6 kbit/s 13,2 kbit/s “

HSCSD
Traffic channel Information Error protection Time slots Total

>Voice (full rate) 13,0 kbit/ 9,8 kbit/s max. 1 22,8 kbit/s

>Data 14,4 kbit/s 8,4 kbit/s up to 8


max. Data 115,2 kbit/s

Digital Dream Service


GPRS

DATA Rates and Speed

GPRS
Time slots Time slots Time slots
1 2 8
CS- 1 9,05 kbit/s 18,1 kbit/s 72,4 kbit/s
CS- 2 13,4 kbit/s 26,8 kbit/s 107,2 kbit/s
CS- 3 15,6 kbit/s 31,2 kbit/s 124,8 kbit/s
CS- 4 21,4 kbit/s 42,8 kbit/s 171,2 kbit/s

EDGE (8 PSK modulation)


Time slots Time slots Time slots
1 2 8
ECSD 43,2 kbit/s 86,4 kbit/s 345,6 kbit/s

EGPRS 59,2 kbit/s 118,4 kbit/s 473,6 kbit/s

Digital Dream Service


GPRS

GPRS – General Packet Radio Service

• New Standard in GSM world allowing high data


transfer rate for data communication

• Achieve by splitting data into small packets size

• “Always online” concept for instant access to data

Digital Dream Service


GPRS

GPRS – Circuit vs. Packet Switched

Circuit switched vs. Packet switched networks


“Circuit switched Network”
There is a fixed allocation from frequency channel and timeslot during the complete
duration of connection.

“Packed switched Network”


There is no fixed allocation from frequency channel and timeslots within a 52
Multiframe.
Only within a “Radio-Block”
The information transfer is done via packets. Every packet contains the receiver
information.
The frequency channel and the time slots are only engaged if the capacity is required.

Digital Dream Service


GPRS

GPRS – Circuit vs. Packet Switched


“Circuit switched Network”
Fixed allocation from frequency channel and timeslot during connection.

Downlink
5 6 7 0 1 2 33 4 5 6 7 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 0 1 2 3 4 5

Uplink 5 6 7 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 0

Digital Dream Service


GPRS

GPRS – Circuit vs. Packet Switched


“Packed switched Network”
No fixed allocation of frequency channel and timeslots. Only within a “Radio-Block”

Downlink
0-5 6 7 0-5 6 7 0-5 6 7 0-5 6 7 0-4 5 6 7 0-4 5 6 7 0-4 5 6 7

Uplink
0-6 7 0-6 7 0-6 7 0-6 7 0-5 6 7 0-5 6 7 0-5 6 7 0-5 6 7

Digital Dream Service


GPRS

GPRS – Capacities and Parameters

Capacity on demand: Provides Circuit Switched Channels


and Packet Switched Channels in a dynamic manner

Signalling: BCCH + FCCH + SCH + CCCH

Example: 1 Slot for signalling


0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 4 Slots circuit switched
3 Slots packed switched

Circuit switched slots Packet switched channels


PDCH

Digital Dream Service


GPRS

GPRS – Coding Schemes


Higher Data Transfer through new Coding Scheme

GPRS
(Coding Scheme) 1 2 3 4

Data rate per 9,05 13,4 15,6


21,4 kbps
Timeslot kbps kbps kbps
Data rate with 3 RX 27,15 40,2 46,8
Timeslots 64,2 kbps
kbps kbps kbps
(MS Class 4)
Data rate with 4 RX
36,2 53,6 62,4
Timeslots 85,6 kbps
kbps kbps kbps
(MS Class 8)

Digital Dream Service


GPRS

GPRS – Multislot Classes


M S M ultislot Classes
Multislot cla ss Ma x imum no. of slots
RX TX SUM
1 1 1 2
2 2 1 3
3 2 2 3
4 3 1 4
5 2 2 4
6 3 2 4
7 3 3 4
8 4 1 5
9 3 2 5
10 4 2 5
11 4 3 5
12 4 4 5
13 3 3 6
14 4 4 8
15 5 5 10
16 6 6 12
17 7 7 14
18 8 8 16
19 6 2 8
20 6 3 9
21 6 4 10
22 6 4 10
23 6 6 12
24 8 2 10
25 8 3 11
Multislot - classes of MS
26 8 4 12 in GPRS network
27 8 4 12
28 8 6 14
29 8 8 16

Digital Dream Service


GPRS

GPRS – Multislot Classes


Multislot Classes
Multislot Classes RX TX Sum

1 1 1 2
2 2 1 3
3 2 2 4
4 3 1 4 Step1
5 2 2 4
6 3 2 4
7 3 3 4
8 4 1 5 Step2/Step3
9 3 2 5
10 4 2 5
... ... ... ...

... ... ... ...


29 8 8 16

Digital Dream Service


GPRS

GPRS – Packet Data Transfer


Data transfer of split data packets via Internet server

CSD / HSCD

Digital Dream Service


GPRS

GPRS – Comparison to HSCSD


Comparing: HSCSD - GPRS
HSCSD GPRS

Transmission Line-oriented Packet-oriented

Speed Up to 38,4 kbps Up to 53,6 kbps


( 05 / 2001 )
Rating Connected time Amount of data

Applications Transmission of Dialogue-


huge data oriented
amount applications
Examples Data transfer, WAP, E-Mail,
transmission of Information
pictures desk /
Information

Digital Dream Service


GPRS

GPRS – Using GPRS Services


What you need in order to use GPRS Services?

• Mobile phone that supports GPRS e.g. G5200 or G7020

• Subscription to GPRS services

• GPRS services must be enabled. Auto access to GPRS may be


allowed by some network, others will require a specific opt-in

• Destination to send or receive information through GPRS; e.g.


Internet address, since GPRS is designed to make the Internet
fully available to mobile users

Digital Dream Service


GPRS

GPRS – How GPRS Phone Works?

• The Black Box indicates the upgrade


from the existing GSM networks

• The Black Box consists of the


following components:
GGSN (Gateway GPRS Support Node)
SGSN (Server GPRS Support Node)
PCU (Packet Control Unit)

Source from T3 magazine (June 2001)

Digital Dream Service


GPRS

GPRS – How GPRS Phone Works?


Network Architecture and differences

ERI VLR HLR

PSTN
BTS MSC GMSC ISDN

BSC PCU
Internet
SGSN GGSN IP/X25

Additional GPRS Network-Components

Digital Dream Service


GPRS

GPRS – How GPRS Phone Works?


Packet Control Unit
PCU
> Channel access control
> Access request management
> Control and management of TCH, PCL
> Structuring of the PDCH

Serving GPRS Support Node


SGSN
> Control of MS position
> Coding of data and authentification
> Diverting of Data packets
> Mobility management

Gateway GPRS Support Node


GGSN
> Interface between PLMN and Packet Data Network (e.g. Internet)
> Providing “Screening Filters” (not wanted information)
> Can act as a firewall
> Data / Packet counting (for charging purpose)

Digital Dream Service


GPRS

GPRS – How GPRS Phone Works?


Network and Cell Selection

M
GS

2.
d
Rea

St
ep:

ep
t
1. S

:R
ea
GSM

d
G
PR
System

S
Information

Pointer to GPRS GPRS


System
New Information

Digital Dream Service


GPRS

GPRS – How GPRS Phone Works?


Operation Modes of a MS in GSM/GPRS-Service

Initialisation

GPRS Cell found


Cell Selection

GPRS IDLE State

GSM attach GPRS attach GPRS detach

GSM IDLE Mode GPRS READY State

READY Timer expiry PDU transmission

GSM DEDICATED Mode GPRS STANDBY State

GSM States GPRS States

Digital Dream Service


GPRS

GPRS – How GPRS Phone Works?


Mobility Management States
• MS not GPRS attached
MS in IDLE State • Cell Selection

GPRS GPRS
attach detach

• MS is GPRS attached
MS in STANDBY State • Perform Routing area Update
• Listen to Paging Channels

PDU Ready timer


Transmit Expires

• MS transmit/receives data
• Perform Cell area update
MS in READY State • read signalling to keep communication established

Digital Dream Service


GPRS

GPRS – How GPRS Phone Works?

GPRS Attachment Procedure

An attach is performed, when a mobile indicates its presence to the network for the purpose
of using the services provided by that network.
Depending on the class of mobile, this may be an IMSI attach for GSM circuit switched (CS)
services, a GPRS attach, or a combined IMSI/GPRS attach.
A GPRS attach is made to the SGSN and includes information like:
• The mobile‘s identification (IMSI or Packet -TMSI)
• the mobile‘s position - indicated by the Routing Area Identification (RAI)

The opposite of an attach is the so called detach.

Digital Dream Service


GPRS

GPRS – How GPRS Phone Works?


Routing Area

LAI = Location Area Identity


Mobile has to do a location update,
if the mobile station leaves the location area

RAI = Routing Area Identity


Mobile has to do a routing area update,
if the mobile station leaves the routing area

!!Important for paging!!!


CI = Cell Identity
If mobile station is in ready mode (receiving
or transmitting data), the MS has to report a
change to an other cell to the network.

Digital Dream Service


GPRS

GPRS – Data Sent / Received

• Illustrated under Class 4 conditions

• Each timeslot is highly dependent


on the coding scheme(CS) used
e.g. CS-4 (21.4kbps)

• After each download, connection


to network will become virtual
(always on-line, data can be
downloaded anytime)

Source from T3 magazine (June 2001)

Digital Dream Service


GPRS

GPRS – Benefits

• Improves the Utilisation of Radio Resources

• Higher Data capacity


• Data rates from 21.4kbps using one Timeslot
and up to 171.2kbps (8 Timeslot)
• Transmit and Receive allocated separately

• Shorter access time ( below 1 second )

• Consumption/Volume based billing

Digital Dream Service


GPRS

GPRS – Frequently Asked Questions


Do I have to apply for GPRS at my network provider?
Yes, you always have to apply for a SIM card with GPRS enabled.

I do not get the highest data rate capacity !

The data transfer rates depend on the radio cell and


the network workload.
Please contact your network provider.

Will the GPRS mobile be an integration in an existing


mobile or a new mobile phone?
It will be a new mobile phone. The current mobile phones cannot
support this new technology.

Digital Dream Service