# Voltage, Current, Resistance

Voltage
Voltage is an electrical Force or Pressure that causes electrons to flow through an electrical conductor. Voltage can also be considered a measurement of the difference in “potential” that exits between two points in a circuit. Voltage can exist even when no current is flowing in a circuit.

Voltage
Voltage is an electrical force or pressure that causes electrons to flow through an electrical

Current
Current can flow only in substances that contain many free electrons. Current is the name given to electrical flow moving through a conductor. An ammeter is used to measure current flow in amperes To do this, the ammeter is inserted in the path of the current flow.

Current
One amp is equal to 6.28 billion, billion electrons flowing past a reference point in one second.

Resistance
All electrical components and circuits have resistance, the name given to any force that opposes current flow and slow it. Resistance Changes electrical energy into some other form of energy, such as heat or light or motion. Direct measurement of the resistance of a device when no current is flowing is accomplished using an ohmmeter

Resistance
An indirect measurement of resistance is accomplished with a voltmeter, which can measure the voltage drop in an operating circuit to provide a display of the voltage affected by resistance in a given part of the circuit.

Resistance

Voltage Summary
Voltage is an electrical fore or pressure that causes electrons to flow through an electrical conductor. Measured in units of volts (V). Symbol for measurement is (E).

Current Summary
Current is the flow of electrons through a conductor. Measured in units of amperes, or amps (A). Symbol for measurement is (I).

Resistance Summary
Resistance is the opposition offered to the flow of an electrical current by a substance through which it is passing. Measured in units of ohoms. Symbol for measurement is (R)

Electrical units of Measurement
Voltage, current, and resistance cannot be seen, but can be measured. Since some of the numerical values can br very large or very small, it is easier to use electrical shorthand. It’s quicker to jot down 8M instead of 8,000,000 ohms resistance.

Electrical units of Measurement

Circuit Symbols
Symbols are used in an effort to make the diagrams easier to draw and understand. The symbol for a battery is not drawn to indicate any certain voltage.

Circuit Symbols
The symbol used to indicate resistance can be used for different types of electrical devices that consume electrical energy – a light bulb or any A/C blower motor. Assume that conductors have no resistance.