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Overview

What is GIS
GIS Application Area
What is Health GIS
Case Study
Health Infrastructure
Polio Monitoring
What is GIS?

Geographic – Maps

Information – Database

System – Hardware, Software, People, Plans/Programs

Geographically Referenced Information


GIS Workflow
HOW GIS Works…
Features + Attributes + Operations

Points, Lines, Polygons Data Integration, Management,


Analysis, Reporting

Events/Objects,
Route/Network,
Area/Region
GIS Application Area
•Urban Planning, Management & Policy
•Environmental Sciences
•Political Science
•Civil Engineering/Utility
•Business
•Education Administration
•Real Estate
•Agriculture
•Health Infrastructure
GIS in Health Infrastructure
Health Map

Health Map is a GIS based health services


planning and monitoring solutions

It consists of

Detailed digital maps Appropriate databases Software tools


Need for GIS in
Health Management
Design the functions of health care services and administrative services
Monitor health status and service need.
Set priorities for the allocation of health care resources
Evaluate health programmes & health care outcomes
Identify environmental, socio-economic and other risk factors, which influence
health,
Under serviced, poor, inaccessible areas and other geographic and demographic
factors.
Project perceived health problems with incidence rate.
Focus population sub groups with specific health problems, needs & demands.
A GIS Based Analysis
on Urban Health Infrastructure

Asansol Municipal Corporation


Burdwan District, West Bengal

A Base Line Information for Urban Health Policy


Objective
Location of Health Units

Health
Units
Different
Different
Differenttypes
types
typesHealth
Health
HealthUnit
Unit
UnitLocation
Location
Location
Govt./Municipal/Others
Private
Private
Chamber
Chamber(Non-MBBS)
(MBBS)
Health Unit
Different types Health Unit Location
With Ward wise Population

Above 20,000

10,000 to 20,000

5,000 to 10,000

Below 5,000

Municipal Boundary

Ward Boundary
Health Facilities in the
Peripheral Part of the Corporation
Problems…
• The concentration of health units in one place.
• An absence of health units in densely populated areas,
whereas, there are several health units in less populated areas.
• In case of emergencies people living in densely populated areas
need to travel over long distances to reach a hospital and this
creates problems.
• There are no health units in the southern most parts

Solutions…
• The equal distribution of health units
• If possible the establishment of health units
Ward wise No. of Govt. Health Unit
Of Asansol Municipal Corporation
Ward
Wardwise No.No.
wise of Govt. Health&Unit
of Private Others
Of Health
Asansol
Ward
Ward Municipal
wiseOf
Unit
Wise No. Corporation
ofofMunicipal
Asansol
No. Health Health Unit
Municipal
Unit
Of Asansol Municipal Corporation
Of AsansolCorporation
Municipal Corporation

Ward Wise No. of Health Unit


Ward wise No. of Municipal Health Unit
Of Asansol
Ward Municipal
wise No. of Private
Of Asansol
Corporation
& Others
Municipal Corporation
Health Unit
Of Asansol Municipal Corporation
Ward wise No. of Govt. Health Unit Ward wise No. of Municipal Health
Of Asansol Municipal Corporation Unit
Of Asansol Municipal Corporation

Ward wise No. of Private & Others Health


Ward Wise No. of Health Unit
Unit
Of Asansol Municipal
Of Asansol Municipal Corporation
Corporation
Polio Monitoring with GIS

West Bengal
Objective
West Bengal Booth Coverage
Performance Comparison

Data Not Available Below 40% 40% to 60% 60% to 80% 80% to 90% Above 90%

April 2003 April 2004 April 2005 April 2006


West Bengal Booth Coverage
Performance Comparison
Uttar Dinajpur District

Data Not Available

Below 40%

40% to 60%

60% to 80%

80% to 90%

Above 90%

April 2003 April 2004 April 2005 April 2006


ULUBERIA MUNICIPALITY
BOOTH MAP WITH HOLDING CONSENTRATION

POLIO BOOTH
Thank You