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A Summer Training Presentation on

ISDN
Presented by:Surendra Kumar

Roll No. 2902713006

THE ORGANIZATION:
MTNL was set up on 1st April, 1986 by the Government of India.  MTNL upgrade the quality of telecom services, expand the telecom network, and introduce new services in India’s key metros - Delhi, the political capital and Mumbai, the business capital of India.  The company has taken rapid strides to emerge as India’s leading and one of Asia’s largest telecom operating companies. Besides having a strong financial base, MTNL has achieved a customer base of 90 million as on 31st March 2011.

To provide convergence of Telecom. Information Technology and related services. To provide latest technology and services to the customers. To diversify in other areas for providing telecom services at national and international levels.MISSION        To remain market leader in providing world class Telecom and IT related services at affordable prices and to become a global player. To achieve the highest level of customer satisfaction and delight. To improve productivity by training and redeployment of man-power. at affordable prices.THE ORGANIZATION:. . To expand customer base and services.

image and data . ISDN is a fixed-wire end-to-end digital telecommunications networks. designed to allow digital transmission of voice and data over ordinary telephone copper wires that gives good quality and high speeds.ISDN?    ISDN .Integrated Services Digital Network is a type of circuit switched telephone network system. Used for voice.

series for Telephone network and ISDN  I . aspects and interfaces  .series for ISDN concepts.ISDN PROTOCOLS E .

ISDN AND OSI MODEL Layer 1 .939)  .Q.Network (Q.Q.Data Link (Q.923)  Layer 3 .920 .930 .Physical (2B1Q)  Layer 2 .

FUNDAMENTALS  Types of channels   Bearer channel (B-channel=64 kb/s) for data transmission.  . Delta channel (D-channel=16 kb/s or 64 kb/s) for call signaling information: who is calling  type of call  calling what number   Types of service Basic Rate Interface (2 B channels (64 kb/s) + 1 D channel (16 kb/s)) (2*64+16=144).  Primary Rate Interface (30 B channels (64 kb/s) + 1 D channel (64 kb/s)) (30*64+64=1984).

terminal adapter. fax.ADVANTAGES OF ISDN  Digital  reliable connection  Speed 128 kb/s (160 kb/s) for BRI  1920 kb/s (2048 kb/s) for PRI   Fast call setup  2 seconds  Bandwidth on Demand  adding new channels to the bundle of channels phone. videoconferencing system. router. PC... each with its own sub-address  Multiple devices  .

.INTERFACES AND DEVICES ISDN devices TE1 4W S/T interface TE2 Analog devices: phone... TA Rate adaptation 2W U interface NT1 . Fax.

Terminal Adapter (rate adaptation (V.120)  Devices      .INTERFACES AND DEVICES  Interfaces   S/T (4w) U (2w) NT1.Allows the multiple connection of Terminal Equipment to ISDN.analog devices (need TA) TA .110. V. NT2. point T for the network. TE1 – Terminal Equipment1 ISDN devices TE2 .Network Terminator1 for Translating signal at the ref.

O.ISDN ARCHITECTURE Subscriber premises Network >64kbps non-switched capabilities >64kbps switched capabilities 64kbps ckt non-switched capabilities Subscriber interface to ISDN Terminal equipment (TE) Digital subscriber loop to C. Network Termination (NT) ISDN switch >64kbps ckt switched capabilities ISDN switch Subscriber site or service provider Packet switched capabilities User-network signaling Frame mode capabilities Commonchannel signaling capabilities User-network signaling .

or 1920 (H12) kbps  Basic Rate Interface  Primary Rate Interface  . 1536 (H1).TRANSMISSION STRUCTURE B Channel: 64 kbps  D Channel: 16 or 64 kbps  H Channel: 384 (H0).

Data B Basic Service: Basic Management rate: 192 kbps Standard throughput: 144 kbps Composition: B + B + D channels.ISDN CHANNEL STRUCTURES B Information: Voice. B B PCM voice channels Primary Service: Rate: 1.048 Mbps Composition: 2. + Synch & framing Primary D Signaling: Overhead or telemetry.048 Mbps: 30 B at 64 kbps each 2 D at 64 kbps 1.544 Mbps: 23 B at 64 kbps each 1 D at 64 kbps B D Signaling . etc.544/2.

USING ISDN FOR IP DATA NETWORKS  Characteristics    Speed Fast call setup Bandwidth on Demand  Modes of Usage Dial Up (LAN or host)  Bandwidth on Demand  Backup lines  Permanent connections  .

.  .).DIAL UP  Providers need:   Subscribe for PRI connections or multiple BRI connections ISDN Access Server subscribe for BRI connection ISDN Adapter  Users need for host connections:    Users need for LAN connections subscribe for PRI or BRI connection  ISDN router (commercial.. PC version with ISDN Adapter.

DIAL-UP .PRIVATE Internet ISDN Access server ISDN connection Telephone Network PC with internal or external ISDN adapter ISDN connection .

DIAL-UP .LAN Internet ISDN Access Server LAN ISDN connection Telephone Network ISDN connection ISDN router .

ISDN ACCESS SERVERS   Digital modems (accepting analog and ISDN calls)  software busy-out feature 56 kb/s technologies  Synchronous PPP (with CHAP/PAP authentication)  BACP (Bandwidth Allocation Control Protocol)  Controlling the number of B-channels per user  D-channel based callback  CLIP .Caller Line Identification Presentation. .

56 K TECHNOLOGY Analog line Digital line Telephone switch Access server ? Telephone switch Modem <= 33. E1. ..6 kbps Telephone switch Modem Access server Modem <= 56 kbps <= 33.6 kbps ISDN..

Robotics.ITU-T standard (to be confirmed in 9/98)  .56 K PREREQUISITES  Only one analogue/digital conversion  less noise and faster digital lines Digital Access Server  Same technology in Access Server and in dial-up modem  K56Flex from Lucent Technologies and Rockwell  X2 from U.S.90 . Texas Instruments and Cirrus Logic  V.

56 K CONSIDERATIONS  56 k not reached in reality  45 kbps practical maximum  Cost for upgrading equipment to ITU-T standard .

ISDN ADAPTERS Internal/external  Active/passive (for internal)  Integrated NT  Plug for telephone line  Integrated modem  Synchronous PPP (with CHAP/PAP authentication)  .

ISDN ROUTERS  Integrated NT  Plug for telephone line  Integrated modem  Synchronous PPP (with CHAP/PAP authentication)  PPP Multilink  Compression  Traffic management .

BACKUP LINES Router to router connections  ISDN call setup when leased line overloaded  BANDWIDTH ON DEMAND Router to router connections  ISDN call setup when leased line fails  .

…)  Types of B-channels (data. voice. both)  Usage of D-channel packet data  CLIP (Calling Line Identification Presentation)  Standard or comfort services  .ORDERING ISDN CONNECTIONS With or without NT1  Type of NT (NT1. NT1+2ab.

NATIONAL ISDN VARIATIONS USA: 5ESS/DMS100/NI-1/NI-2  Europe: NET3  France: VN2/VN3/NET33  Germany: 1TR6/NET3  Japan  Australia  .

THANK YOU .

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