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Sensors For Active And Passive Security System

Presented By Akhil Sharma Deep Lomesh Shah Technische Universität Chemnitz Master Micro and Nano Systems Second Semester
Seminar Automotive Sensors Univ.-Prof. Dr.-Ing. O. Kanoun Chair for Measurement and Sensor Technology

g. ESP . PPS. Suspensions. laminated windshield. EBD. crumple zones. e. Headlights.-Prof. Infrared night vision etc. TPM. Passive security systems They work after the crash has taken place e.Sensors For Active And Passive Security System There are two main types of security systems    Active security system Passive security system Active security systems They work for prevention of crash/accident. O. ABS. TCS. ACC. CBC. padding the instrumental panel etc.com 2 Seminar Automotive Sensors Univ. Kanoun Chair for Measurement and Sensor Technology .g. airbags.  0 Source : Google Image Source : Jeopardylabs.-Ing. Reflectors. seatbelts. Dr.

Dr.Sensors For Active And Passive Security System Anti-lock Braking System(ABS) Electronic Stability Program(ESP) Sensors For Active Security System Traction Control System(TCS) Autonomous Cruise Control(ACC) Seminar Automotive Sensors Univ. Kanoun Chair for Measurement and Sensor Technology 3 .-Ing. O.-Prof.

-Ing.Anti-Lock Braking System (ABS) What is ABS ?  An anti-lock braking system is a safety system that allows the wheels on a motor vehicle to continue interacting tractively with the road surface as directed by driver steering inputs while braking.com Seminar Automotive Sensors Univ. Source : www.carazoo.-Prof. preventing the wheels from locking (that is ceasing rotation) and therefore avoiding skidding. Kanoun Chair for Measurement and Sensor Technology 4 . Dr.  Therefore. O.

-Ing.Components Of ABS ABS comprises of following - ABS Wheel Sensor ABS Control Module Hydraulic Pump and Pressure Release Valves Brake Pipe Seminar Automotive Sensors Univ.-Prof. Dr. O. Kanoun Chair for Measurement and Sensor Technology 5 .

which are located at each wheel provide information to ABS control module when a wheel is about to lock up.ABS Control Module It is an ECU type unit in the car/vehicle which receives information from each individual wheel speed sensor. the controller will then limit the brake force (EBD) and activate the ABS modulator which actuates the braking valves on and off.  . Kanoun Chair for Measurement and Sensor Technology 6 . Seminar Automotive Sensors Univ.-Ing.-Prof. the pump maintains the pressure back to the normal in the pipe.  Pump When a valve reduces the pressure in a pipe. When a wheel loses traction the signal is sent to the controller. O.Components Of ABS  Wheel sensors The speed sensors. Dr.  Valves There is a valve in the brake pipe of each brake controlled by the ABS.

O. Dr. Kanoun Chair for Measurement and Sensor Technology 7 .-Prof.Schematic showing ABS inside a vehicle A : Wheel sensor B : ABS control module C : Hydraulic pump & pressure release valves D : Brake pipe Seminar Automotive Sensors Univ.-Ing.

-Prof.-Ing. Seminar Automotive Sensors Univ. 1. Brake caliper 2. O. Kanoun Chair for Measurement and Sensor Technology 8 .Operation Principle STEP 1: Heavy brakes applied. Dr.causing brake caliper to loosen the grip. observe green wheel(A). STEP 2: ABS control module(B) activated. signal sent to brake pressure valve(C) to lower the pressure in the corresponding brake pipe(D). STEP 3: Lowering of pressure in brake pipe(D). Wheel speed sensor STEP 4: Pressure built up again using hydraulic pump (C).

car continues straight ahead due to the loss of steering control (2) and a collision results. Dr. Despite applying steering lock.Sensors For Active And Passive Security System . O. A) Example : Car without ABS on slippery surface. Without ABS. as driver applies brakes. wheels lock (1).-Prof. Seminar Automotive Sensors Univ. Kanoun Chair for Measurement and Sensor Technology 9 .-Ing.

Dr. Seminar Automotive Sensors Univ. the driver hits the brakes hard on a slippery surface (1).Sensors For Active And Passive Security System . ABS prevents the wheels from locking. In the diagram above. then steers (2). A) Example : Car with ABS on slippery surface.-Prof. and successfully manages to avoid the obstacle. Kanoun Chair for Measurement and Sensor Technology 10 . O. and this allows you steer.-Ing.

Dr.Visualising ABS inside the vehicle . O. Seminar Automotive Sensors Univ. Kanoun Chair for Measurement and Sensor Technology 11 .-Prof.-Ing.

Dr. Kanoun Chair for Measurement and Sensor Technology 12 .-Ing. Seminar Automotive Sensors Univ.-Prof. O.Sensors For Active And Passive Security System Visualising ABS .

Autonomous cruise control is an optional cruise control system appearing on some more upscale vehicles / intelligent cars. Dr.-Prof.Autonomous Cruise Control System (ACC) What is ACC ?  . Source: www.  These systems use either a radar or laser setup allowing the vehicle to slow when approaching another vehicle and accelerate again to the preset speed when traffic allows.  Cruise control (sometimes known as speed control or auto cruise) is a system that automatically controls the speed of a motor vehicle. O.popsci.-Ing. Kanoun Chair for Measurement and Sensor Technology 13 .com Seminar Automotive Sensors Univ.

-Ing. Dr. Laser-based systems are significantly lower in cost than radar based systems  However. ACC Radar Type Laser Type Seminar Automotive Sensors Univ.Types Of ACC . Kanoun Chair for Measurement and Sensor Technology 14 . laser based ACC systems do not detect and track vehicles well in adverse weather conditions nor do they track extremely dirty (nonreflective) vehicles very well. O.-Prof.

Kanoun Chair for Measurement and Sensor Technology 15 .-Ing. O.carsp.Example .-Prof. Source: www.ca Seminar Automotive Sensors Univ. Dr.

-Prof. Kanoun Chair for Measurement and Sensor Technology 16 . O.User friendly .-Ing. Source: Google Image Seminar Automotive Sensors Univ. Dr.

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