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# DEPARTMENT OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION

Name of the participant : K.Ramprasad
Designation : Lecturer
Branch : A.E.I.E
Institute : QQ.G.P.T, old city, Hyderabad
semester : V semester
subject : LIC applications
sub code : AEI-505
Topic : wave form generators
Duration : 100Mts
Sub -Topic : Monostable multi vibrator
using 555 timer IC.
Teaching Aids : PPT, diagrams
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Recap

## • Astable multivibrator using 555 timer IC

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Objectives:

## Upon the completion of this topic the student

will be able to learn about

## • Monostable multivibrator using 555 timer IC .

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The output of the circuit is approximately zero

## When an external trigger is applied the output to go high

(+ Vcc) the time direction of it is determined by the
external RC network

## At the end of the internal the output automatically

reverts back to logic stable state

## It will be in that state until a trigger pulse is again

applied the cycle repeats
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Monostable multivibrator is also called as “one-shot
multivibrator”

## It is a pulse generator circuit in which duration of pulses in

determined by ‘RC’ network

## It has only one stable state ,i.e., it is why it is called as

mono stable multivibrator
Initially the o/p of the monostable is in low

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Monostable multivibrator

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Monostable multivibrator

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Input and output waveforms

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Operation of 555 timer

## • The three resistors R1,R2 and R3 serve as

voltage divider for the source voltage

each resistor

## • The voltage at V1 and V2 serve as reference

voltages for the two comparators

## • Comparators is basically an op-amp which

changes states when one of its input exceeds
the reference voltage
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Operation of 555 timer contd
• The flip-flop changes states according to the
voltage value of its input
• Thus if the voltage at threshold terminal rises
above +2/3 Vcc . It causes comparator 1 to cause
flip-flop to change its state. If the trigger voltage
falls below +1/3 Vcc it causes the comparator2 to
change its state
• Thus the o/p of flip-flop is controlled by voltages
of two comparators
• The o/p of flip-flop is used to drive the discharge
transistor and o/p stage
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Operation of 555 timer contd

## • A high or +ve flip-flop output turns on both the discharge

transistor and output stage

## • The discharge transistor becomes conductive and

behaves as a low resistance short circuit to ground the
output stage behaves similarly

## • When the flip-flop output assumes the low or Zero state

reverse action takes place that is the discharge transistor
behaves as an open circuit or infinite impedance

## • The output stage assume high or infinite impedance

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Operation of 555 timer contd

## • Thus the operational state of discharge transistor

and output stage depends on

terminals

## • A monostable multivibrator is also called as a one-

shot multivibrator

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Circuit operation

## capacitor C and drives the output high

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• The capacitor ‘C’ now starts charges up towards Vcc
through RA

## • When the voltage across the capacitor equals 2/3Vcc

comparator ‘1’ s o/p switches from low to high It drives the
output to its low state via the o/p flip-flop

## • The output of the flip-flop turns the transistor Q1 on

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• Then the capacitor C rapidly discharges through the
transistor

## • The output of the monostable remains low until a trigger

pulse is again applied

## • The time during which the output remains high is given

by
tp = 1.1 RA C

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Conditions

## • The pulse width of the trigger input must be

smaller then the expected pulse width of the
output waveform

## • The trigger pulse must be negative going input

signal with an amplitude larger than 1/3 Vcc

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Summary

## • Monostable multivibrator using 555 timer IC

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Quiz

## a) One –shot multi vibrator

b) Two-shot multi vibrator
c) Three-shot multivibrator
d) Four-shot multivibrator

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Assignment

## 1. Design mono stable vibrator using 555 timer IC

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