# DEPARTMENT OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION ANDHRA PRADESH

Name Designation Branch Institution Subject Semester Code No Major Topic Duration Sub Topic Teaching Aids : : : : : : : : : : : A. Vinay Kumar HEIE AEIE Q.Q GPT, Hyderabad. Process Instrumentation – II IV AEI-405 Pressure measurement 50 Mins. Introduction to Pressure Photos, animations, diagrams
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Objectives
Upon the completion of this topic you will be able to know about Pressure
• • • • • Definition Necessity of Measurement. Relation Types of measuring instruments Types of Elastic elements

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What is he doing?

Checking the blood Pressure

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What is he applying on the ball?

Pressure
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What is this?

Blood pressure meter
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In which state he is?

Under pressure
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How the gas is coming out?

With some pressure
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How the rocket is going up?

Due to the pressure
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Definition and units of Pressure
Pressure is defined as force per unit area Its units in SI system is Pascal. 1 N/m2 = 1 Pa (Pascal) Engineers use the bar 1 bar = 105 Pa = 1 athmosphere ~ 10 m of water column

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Necessity of Pressure Measurement

• All industrial processes used liquids, Gasses or both.

• Controlling these processes require the measurement and control of Liquid and Gas pressure.

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Pressure Ranges
The following are the pressure ranges of different areas:
• Car industry 1 - 5 bar (tyre), 20 bar (air conditioning) • Medicine: Blood: 100 mbar; in the human body 10 to 100 mbar • Deep sea level: 4.000m ~ 400 bar • Thin film processes: 1 to 1000 Pa (0,01 to 10 mbar)
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Manometer
Pressure Under measurement Height of Mercury column

Vacuum Mercury

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Pressure Relationship
Absolute Pressure = Atmospheric Press. + Gage Press. Vacuum = Atmospheric Pressure Absolute Pressure

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Pressure Relationships

Absolute pressure PSIA

Gauge Pressure (PSIG) Vacuum (Hg)

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Pressure Relationships
• Gage pressure (PSIG) • Absolute pressure (PSIA) • Vacuum pressure (PSIV) or (in Hg) • Atmospheric pressure (14.7 psi)

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Elastic element mechanical pressure gauges

Diaphragm

Bourdon tube

Bellows
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Operation of Pressure Measuring Devices
• • • Manometers Bourdon tube Bellows gage

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Hydrostatic manometers

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Types of manometers

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Well type Manometer

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Inclined tube manometer

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SENSORS

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Pressure meter

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Pressure Meter

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Differential pressure transducers in a variety of ranges and outputs
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Summary
• Pressure • Types of pressure • Pressure measuring devices • Types of elastic elements

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Quiz
1. Pressure is defined as
A. Force per Distance B. Force per Acceleration C. Force Per unit Area D. None of the above

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