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DEPARTMENT OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION

ANDHRA PRADESH
Name : K. Ravinder
Designation : H.E.I.E.S
Branch : Applied Elect.&Instru. Engg.
Institute : GPT Bellampally.
Year/semester : III Semester
Subject : Process Instrumentation-I
Subject code : AEI-305.
Topic : Temperature measurement
Duration : 50 min.
Sub topic : Specifications of Components
Teaching aids : PPT’s, Diagrams
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Recap
We have discussed in the previous classes
• Importance of temperature measurement

• Expansion types of thermometers

• Electrical types of thermometers

• Radiation types of thermometers

• Solid State& Quartz temperature sensor

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Objectives
On Completion of this topic you would be able
to know
Specifications of:
• Filled thermometers
• Resistance temperature detector
• Thermocouples
• Thermistors
• Radiation type Thermometer
• Solid State Thermometer
• Quartz thermometer

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Visuals of liquid filled Thermometer

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Filled Bulb and Glass Filled Thermometer
• Scales and dials are usually straight with 5,7,or 9 in
(125,175,or 225mm).scales are usually 3.5,4.5,,6,8.5, or
12in diameters
• Bulb size mercury,vapour and gas filled bulbs are usually
11/16 in. diameter by 4in.
• Temperature ranges are available between -100 to 100º
C for mercury filled systems 200°c to 650º C for gas
filled systems
• Inaccuracy 1% of full scale
• Speed of response 6 to 7 for liquid 4 to 7 for gas 4 to 5
for mercury
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Visuals of RTD

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R.T.D
• Range -222 to 850 ºC for platinum R.T.D
• Minimum and maximum span 6 and 610 ºC
• Stability zero and span drift usually within 0.1% of span
for a six month period.
• Standard resistance 100 Ω at 0 º C but elements
available from 10 to1000Ω
• Linearity more linear
• Sensitivity 0.1 to 10 Ω per º C
• Inaccuracy 0.06º C for platinum sensor

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Visuals of Thermocouples

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Type-T Specifications

• Composition cu/57% cu 43% Ni

• Sensitivity 15 to 60 .

• Accuracy ± 0.25.

• Range 125°c to 350°c.

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Type-E Specifications

• Composition 90% Ni, 10% Cr, 43%Ni

• Sensitivity 40 to 55

• Accuracy ± 0.5%.

• Range 375°c to 800°c

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Type-J Specifications

• Composition Fe/57%, Cr 43%

• Sensitivity 45 to 60

• Accuracy ± 0.5

• Range 375°c to 800°c

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Type-R Specifications

• Composition Pt/87%,13%Rh

• Sensitivity 5 to 12

• Accuracy ± 0.25%

• Range 0 to1100

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Type –K/N Specifications

• Composition 90%Ni, 10%Cr, 94%Ni, 3%Mn

• Sensitivity 35 to50

• Accuracy ± 0.5%

• Range 375 to1200

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Type-S Specifications

• Composition Pt/90%,10%Rh

• Sensitivity 5 to 12

• Accuracy ± 0.25%

• Range 1100°c to 1600°c

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Type-B Specifications

• Composition 94%Pt, 6%Rh / 70%Pt, 30%Rh

• Sensitivity 4 to 6

• Accuracy ± 0.5%

• Range 1200°c to 2000°c

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Visuals of Thermistor

.
.

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Thermistors

• Range from -150 to 600 º F(-101 to 316 C)

• Span can be as narrow as 2 ºF(1 C)

• Sensor resistance from 100 to 500 KΩ

• Standard units about 5KΩ

• Linearity non linear

• Sensitivity 50 to 500 Ω per º C

• Inaccuracy 0.06 to 0.6

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Optical pyrometer Infra-red pyrometer

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Specification of Radiation Pyrometer
• Wave length used 0.7 to 8 microns
• Temperature range 1400 to 6300 ºF(760 to 3500º C) for
optical
• -40 to 7000 ºF(-40 to 4000º C) for total radiation
pyrometer
• Distance and target size
• Maximum distance to target is 100ft
• Minimum target diameter 0.05in
• Linearity nonlinear
• Inaccuracy 1 to 2% of full scale

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Visuals of Semiconductor Thermometer

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Specifications of semiconductor

• Temperature range

• Ic sensor -65 to 300F(-54 to 149ºc)

• Silicon diode -65 to 300F(-54 to 149ºc

• Germanium diode (-422 to 110F (-251 to 43)

• Output(1microA per ºC 10mv perº c)

• linearty(1% of range)

• Inaccuracy (1 to 9 F)
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Visuals of quartz thermometer

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Quartz Thermometer

• Specifications

• Temperature range -112 to 482º F(-80 to 250 ºC)

• Inaccuracy 0.135 ºF(0.075 ºC) through out the full

range

• over Span 18º F(10º C) the error under laboratory

condition within 0.018 ºF(0.01 C)

• Temperature sensitivity 0.0003 ºC under ideal condition


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Summary
We have discussed about
Specifications of :

• Filled thermometers
• Resistance temperature detector
• Thermocouples
• Thermistors
• Radiation type
• Solid state
• Quartz thermometer AEI 305.51 to 52 24
Quiz

1. Temperature range of AD 590 IC

a) 0 to 600°c

b) 0 to3000°c

c) -54 to 149°c

d) 100 to 1000°c

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Quiz

2. Which Thermocouple measure high temperature

a) Type-J

b) Type-E

c) Type-K

d) Type-T

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Frequently Asked Questions

1. List the specifications of RTD

2. List the specifications of thermocouple

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