You are on page 1of 27

# DEPARTMENT OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION

Name : K. Ravinder
Designation : H.E.I.E.S
Branch : Applied Elect.&Instru. Engg.
Institute : GPT Bellampally.
Year/semester : III Semester
Subject : Process Instrumentation-I
Subject code : AEI-305.
Topic : Temperature measurement
Duration : 50 min.
Sub topic : Specifications of Components
Teaching aids : PPT’s, Diagrams
AEI 305.51 to 52 1
Recap
We have discussed in the previous classes
• Importance of temperature measurement

## • Solid State& Quartz temperature sensor

AEI 305.51 to 52 2
Objectives
On Completion of this topic you would be able
to know
Specifications of:
• Filled thermometers
• Resistance temperature detector
• Thermocouples
• Thermistors
• Solid State Thermometer
• Quartz thermometer

AEI 305.51 to 52 3
Visuals of liquid filled Thermometer

AEI 305.51 to 52 4
Filled Bulb and Glass Filled Thermometer
• Scales and dials are usually straight with 5,7,or 9 in
(125,175,or 225mm).scales are usually 3.5,4.5,,6,8.5, or
12in diameters
• Bulb size mercury,vapour and gas filled bulbs are usually
11/16 in. diameter by 4in.
• Temperature ranges are available between -100 to 100º
C for mercury filled systems 200°c to 650º C for gas
filled systems
• Inaccuracy 1% of full scale
• Speed of response 6 to 7 for liquid 4 to 7 for gas 4 to 5
for mercury
AEI 305.51 to 52 5
Visuals of RTD

AEI 305.51 to 52 6
R.T.D
• Range -222 to 850 ºC for platinum R.T.D
• Minimum and maximum span 6 and 610 ºC
• Stability zero and span drift usually within 0.1% of span
for a six month period.
• Standard resistance 100 Ω at 0 º C but elements
available from 10 to1000Ω
• Linearity more linear
• Sensitivity 0.1 to 10 Ω per º C
• Inaccuracy 0.06º C for platinum sensor

AEI 305.51 to 52 7
Visuals of Thermocouples

AEI 305.51 to 52 8
Type-T Specifications

## • Composition cu/57% cu 43% Ni

• Sensitivity 15 to 60 .

• Accuracy ± 0.25.

## • Range 125°c to 350°c.

AEI 305.51 to 52 9
Type-E Specifications

## • Composition 90% Ni, 10% Cr, 43%Ni

• Sensitivity 40 to 55

• Accuracy ± 0.5%.

## • Range 375°c to 800°c

AEI 305.51 to 52 10
Type-J Specifications

## • Composition Fe/57%, Cr 43%

• Sensitivity 45 to 60

• Accuracy ± 0.5

## • Range 375°c to 800°c

AEI 305.51 to 52 11
Type-R Specifications

• Composition Pt/87%,13%Rh

• Sensitivity 5 to 12

• Accuracy ± 0.25%

• Range 0 to1100

AEI 305.51 to 52 12
Type –K/N Specifications

## • Composition 90%Ni, 10%Cr, 94%Ni, 3%Mn

• Sensitivity 35 to50

• Accuracy ± 0.5%

## • Range 375 to1200

AEI 305.51 to 52 13
Type-S Specifications

• Composition Pt/90%,10%Rh

• Sensitivity 5 to 12

• Accuracy ± 0.25%

## • Range 1100°c to 1600°c

AEI 305.51 to 52 14
Type-B Specifications

## • Composition 94%Pt, 6%Rh / 70%Pt, 30%Rh

• Sensitivity 4 to 6

• Accuracy ± 0.5%

## • Range 1200°c to 2000°c

AEI 305.51 to 52 15
Visuals of Thermistor

.
.

AEI 305.51 to 52 16
.
Thermistors

## • Inaccuracy 0.06 to 0.6

AEI 305.51 to 52 17
Optical pyrometer Infra-red pyrometer

AEI 305.51 to 52 18
• Wave length used 0.7 to 8 microns
• Temperature range 1400 to 6300 ºF(760 to 3500º C) for
optical
• -40 to 7000 ºF(-40 to 4000º C) for total radiation
pyrometer
• Distance and target size
• Maximum distance to target is 100ft
• Minimum target diameter 0.05in
• Linearity nonlinear
• Inaccuracy 1 to 2% of full scale

AEI 305.51 to 52 19
Visuals of Semiconductor Thermometer

AEI 305.51 to 52 20
Specifications of semiconductor

• Temperature range

## • Output(1microA per ºC 10mv perº c)

• linearty(1% of range)

• Inaccuracy (1 to 9 F)
AEI 305.51 to 52 21
Visuals of quartz thermometer

AEI 305.51 to 52 22
Quartz Thermometer

• Specifications

range

## • Temperature sensitivity 0.0003 ºC under ideal condition

AEI 305.51 to 52 23
Summary
Specifications of :

• Filled thermometers
• Resistance temperature detector
• Thermocouples
• Thermistors
• Solid state
• Quartz thermometer AEI 305.51 to 52 24
Quiz

## 1. Temperature range of AD 590 IC

a) 0 to 600°c

b) 0 to3000°c

c) -54 to 149°c

d) 100 to 1000°c

AEI 305.51 to 52 25
Quiz

## 2. Which Thermocouple measure high temperature

a) Type-J

b) Type-E

c) Type-K

d) Type-T

AEI 305.51 to 52 26