# DEPARTMENT OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION ANDHRA PRADESH

Name Designation Branch Institute Semester Subject Subject code Topic Duration Sub Topic Teaching Aids : B.Balaji : HAEIE : Applied Electronics & Instrumentation : Govt polytechnic for Minorities, Guntur : III Semester : Process Instrumentation – I : AEI-305 : pH Measurement : 50 Mts : Effect of temperature on PH : Diagrams
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Recap

In last class we have discussed about • Construction of measuring electrode

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Objectives
On completion of this period, you would be able to know :
• The effect of temperature on pH

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Effect of Temperature on pH
When temperature changes

• Dissociation constant (Product of [ H+][OH-])
changes hence pH changes

• Change of dissociation constant varies from solution
to solution

• Change of pH due to change in dissociation
constant cannot be compensated
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Temperature changes
• Resistance of measuring electrode (glass electrode) will
change

• As Temperature increases ,resistance across the glass
bulb decrease

• Electrode resistance drops ten-fold for every 30oC rise in
temperature

• Ex:- An electrode with 100MΩ resistance at 25oC will
decreases to 10MΩ at 55oC

• Due to change of resistance the measuring electrode
between two electrodes Potential difference changes hence pH changes
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pH Temperature Slope
• • • • Acids = Positive mV Signal Base = Negative mV Signal 7.0 pH = 0 mV Output Sensor Output Changes with Temperature – 0o C ~ 54.2 mV/pH – 25oC ~ 59.2 mV/pH – 50oC ~ 64.1 mV/pH • Sensor Output is Corrected to 25oC with Automatic Temperature Compensation
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500 400 300 200 100

mV

0 -100 -200 -300 -400 -500
0 2 4 6 8 12 14 10

pH 0C 25C 50C

Fig. 1

Temperature Affects pH Electrode Response Time
10,000 M e 1,000 g o 100 h m 10 s 1

• pH Glass Electrode Impedance is approximately 100 MegOhms @ 25oC • For approximately every 8oC Step Change from 25oC the pH Glass Impedance Doubles or Halves • > 25oC Faster Response • < 25oC Slower Response -5C 3C 11C 17C 25C 33C 41C 49C 57C 65C 73C – >1000 MegOhms pH Generally Fig. 2 Becomes Inoperable
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PH Electrode Life is Temperature Dependent
14 M 10 o n 8 t 6 h 4 s 2 0 25C 50C 75C Temperature 100C 12

• Typical pH Electrode Life is 12 - 18 Months • Life is Reduced Approximately 50% for Every 25oC Increase in Operating Temperature • Recommendations – Sample Cooling – Intermittent vs Continuous 125C Measurement
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Fig. 3

Nernst Equation
The relation ship between pH and EMF is given by nernst equation E E Eo = = = Eo - 2.3 RT (pH) /F Total potential between electrodes (mv) Standard potential = Nernst Factor = 59.16mv at 25oC

2.3RT/F

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Nernst Equation…
T F R = = = Absolute Temp (Kelvin) Faraday’s constant (coulombs / mole) Universal gas constant

R and F are constants • As Temperature changes potential between electrodes changes hence pH changes
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Graph showing relation between pH and Electrode Potential

Fig. 4
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Summary
In this period, you have learnt about :

• Temperature changes resistance of glass electrode changes • Temperature changes dissociation constant changes • Temperature changes EMF between electrodes changes
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Quiz
1. Temperature increases the resistance across the glass bulb

(a) Increases (b) Decreases (c) Constant (d) None of the above

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