Theories of International Relations

Realism Idealism Constructivism

Realism I

Power: the ability to influence others Irrelevance of morality and ethics and law

Kellogg-Briand Pact (1928)

 

Irrelevance of domestic political systems Why is power the only thing that matters?

Human nature Anarchic world: no rules

USSR in Cold War US—China—Japan in East Asia Nations will balance against US power  Unipolarity cannot last  .Realism II   All nations are self-reliant To preserve peace use Balance of Power   US vs.

England’s Balancing Act England Russia France Prussia/Germany Austria-Hungary .

Korea N.The Cold War Balance of Power 1945-1990 Israel Ethiopia Taiwan S. Berlin E. Viet Nam W. Viet Nam E. Berlin W. Germany Britain/France/Japan Syria/Egypt Somalia China N. Korea S. Germany Poland/Czech US USSR .

Unipolar World EU Japan Russia China India US .

Power? .

US: Weak Neighbors. Big Oceans .

Germany Strong Neighbors. Easy Access .

Power? .

China .Power? Shanghai.

Power? Jaipur. India .

Power?  Thailand Algeria South Korea .

Power? .

Idealism I    Power is not the only thing that matters States have common interests and common values Trade is the key common interest .

WTO) .Idealism II    Global Marketplace Interdependence International system is based laws (Treaties) and institutions (UN.

UN General Assembly. New York .

Netherlands .International Court of Justice. The Hague.

WTO. Geneva .

Constructivism I      Nation-states are not all alike Political culture shapes foreign policy Form of government shapes foreign policy History shapes foreign policy Domestic political trends and debates shape foreign policy .

Constructivism II    States have identity State identity influences the way states interact with each other Examples:   China sensitivity to any policies of other states that threaten its unity and sovereignty US desire to transform the world .

Russian fear of invasion .

China 21st Century .

China: Tang Dynasty 618-907 .

China: Ming Dynasty 1368-1644 .

China: Colonized .

no material compensation for the sacrifices we shall freely make. We seek no indemnities for ourselves. 1917  “The world must be made safe for democracy. “ . We have no selfish ends to serve. We are but one of the champions of the rights of mankind. We desire no conquest. We shall be satisfied when those rights have been made as secure as the faith and the freedom of nations can make them.Woodrow Wilson. no dominion. Its peace must be planted upon the tested foundations of political liberty.

2005  “And we have declared our own intention: America will stand with the allies of freedom to support democratic movements in the Middle East and beyond. “ .GW Bush. with the ultimate goal of ending tyranny in our world.

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