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DEPARTMENT OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION

ANDHRA PRADESH

Name of the Staff Member : S.PADMA


Designation : Lecturer
Branch : D.C.C.P
Institute : SGMGPT, Abdullahpurmet
Year/Semester : III Semester
Subject : Quantitative Techniques-I
Subject Code : CCP-303
Topic : ARITHMETIC MEAN (A.M.)
Sub-Topic : Calculation of A.M.
Presentation Duration : 50 Minutes
Teaching Aids used : PPT, Animations

CCP-303.20 1
Objectives

On completion of this period, you would be


able to learn :
 Calculate Arithmetic Mean

 Under Continuous Series


 short-cut method

CCP-303.20 2
Recap

 Continuous Series is a series where items are arranged


in groups or classes continuously


Arithmetic Mean – Direct method = N
fm

 Class Limits: The lowest and Highest values of the class


 Class interval: The difference between upper and lower
limits of a class

CCP-303.20 3
Calculation of Arithmetic Mean
Continuous Series
Short-cut Method
Steps:

 Obtain the mid-point of each class


 Select an assumed mean A
 Take the deviation of each class mid-point from
“assumed mean” and call them “ d “

CCP-303.20 4
Discrete Series - Short-cut method

Steps contd.

 Multiply these deviations by the respective


frequencies of each class i.e, fd
 Obtain the total i.e. ∑fd
 Apply the formula

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Formula

X or A.M. =A 
 fd
N

Where
X = Arithmetic mean
f = frequency
d = (m-A)
∑fd = Sum of products of the deviations from the
assumed mean and the frequencies
N = Total frequency

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Example 1:

Find the mean from the following frequency


distribution in short-cut method.

Marks 0-10 10-20 20-30 30-40 40-50 50-60

No of 10 20 50 60 40 20
students

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Solution to Ex. 1:
Let the marks be denoted by X and the number
of students by f
CALCULATION OF ARITHMETIC MEAN
A= 35

Marks(x No of Midpoint d = (m-A) Fd


) students s (m) d = (m-35)
(f)
0-10 10 5 -30 -300
10-20 20 15 -20 -400
20-30 50 25 -10 -500
30-40 60 35 0 0
40-50 40 45 +10 +400
50-60 20 55 +20 +400
N=200 ∑fd= -400
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Solution contd.

A.M. = A + ∑fd
N
A.M. = 35 + -400
200
= 35 – 2
= 33
A.M. = 33 marks

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Example 2:

From the following data compute Arithmetic


Mean by direct method:

Marks 0-10 10-20 20-30 30-40 40-50 50-60

No of 5 20 25 30 20 10
students

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Solution to Ex.2:
Let the marks be denoted by X and the
number of students by f
CALCULATION OF ARITHMETIC MEAN
A=35
Marks(x) No of Mid-points d=(m-35) Fd
students (m)
0-10 5 5 -30 -150
10-20 20 15 -20 -400
20-30 25 25 -10 -250
30-40 30 35 0 0
40-50 20 45 +10 +200
50-60 10 55 +20 +200
N=110 ∑fd=-400

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Solution contd..
A
 fd
A.M. = N
400
A.M. = 35 
110

= 35 – 3.6363

= 31.3636

A.M. = 31 marks

CCP-303.20 12
Important Points to Remember

 Follow ANY method, result (answer) will be SAME

 Mid-point = lower limit + upper limit

2
 Any value of ‘ m ‘ can be taken as assumed mean

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Summary

 Calculation of A.M. of Continuous Series can be done


in three ways i.e. direct method, short-cut method and
step deviation method
A
 fd
 Arithmetic Mean – short-cut method = N

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Frequently Asked Questions
1. Calculate the arithmetic mean from the following
data:

Marks 0-9 10-19 20-29 30-39 40-49 50-59 60- 70- 80- 90-99
69 79 89

No.of 5 8 15 20 32 50 43 35 28 14
student
s

(C-00 Mar 2007, 12 marks)

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Frequently Asked Questions
2. Calculate the arithmetic mean from the
following data:

Monthly 100-109 200-299 300- 400-499 500-599 600-699


income (Rs.) 399

No. of 24 38 45 56 52 48
families

(C-00 Oct 2006, 12 marks)


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Assignment

1. Calculate arithmetic average of the following


data by short-cut method:
Marks No. of students
0-10 33
10-20 53
20-30 108
30-40 221
40-50 153
50-60 322
60-70 439
70-80 526
80-90 495
90-100 50

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