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QUANTUM COMPUTERS

BY

Abhishek Mittal

ROLL NO. 03

INTRODUCTION

calculations about a billion times faster

than today’s silicon computers.

more efficient

new era of technological advancement

and computing power

STOP IMAGINING !!!

It’s called a Quantum Computers

and it’s the future of

computing.

world.

• Diseases once thought incurable

can be

cured.

• Encryption methods thought to

be un-

• Simulations of real world

Is this a sudden

emergence of a new

radical system ???

Well,it

uses a totally

new

principle of

physics

and goes

away from

classical

mechanics

into the

realm of

quantum physics .

What is Quantum Computer ???

Quantum bit or Qubit.

About Qubits

Exists

as a ‘0’, a ‘1’ or simultaneously as a

superposition of both ‘0’ & ‘1’ with a

numerical coefficient representing the

probability for each state

FEATURES !!!

Quantum Computing

Parallelism

Quantum Cryptography

Quantum Computing Parallelism

The most exciting feature of

quantum computing is quantum

parallelism.

Parallelismallows a quantum

computer to work on a million

computation at once.

Quantum Cryptography

Is the quantum

computer that much

faster ???

Ina classical computer register with

N bits can represent 2N numbers but

only one at a time .

qubit can represent a superposition

of 2N numbers simultaneously.

superposition of 2100 ~ 1030

numbers at the same time .

How does it Work ???

A quantum computer uses molecules and

atoms to do the computations required.

techniques, scientists nowadays can

manipulate the spin of an atom.

USES !!!

Encryption technology

simulations

Ultra

secure and error free

communication.

RSA Encryption technology

It would take the fastest computer of today, a

lifetime to figure out the original message.

secure’ method of encryption can be cracked

by a quantum computer in just a year or less.

trying hard to make new encryption methods,

this time using quantum computers because

of their computational speed.

Molecular and Real World Simulations

research into cures for disease like

cancer is the low speed of today’s

computers .

random numbers nor do they have the

speed or computing capability to make

these simulations.

Quantum computers on the other hand

can generate numbers that are truly

random and they do have the speed

and computing power to simulate the

real world as well as things like

molecules

diseases, predicting weather cycles

and disasters like earthquakes or

volcanoes, thus ushering in a new age

of healthcare as well as science

Ultra secure and error free

communications

computers and technology will help the

common man the most.

phenomenon called quantum

teleportation.

Quantum Teleportation

Thus we can send information to far away

places without physically being connected.

be done in the field, but it has the potential to

revolutionize communications.

invisible media and information downloading

time will be a thing of the past.

So, what do I foresee in the year

2020 and beyond ???

(Predictions & Conclusion)

FIRST GLANCE !!!

The world would be a much better place to

live in.

Healthcare

would be so developed that

diseases would be a thing of the past.

floods and volcanoes.

policy, military information and other

‘irrelevant’ information about political

‘dealings’ would all be totally secure using

encryption methods.

SECOND GLANCE !!!

Keeping the problems faced in mind, I feel

that quantum computers might only change

one part of computing as we know it.

organizations, universities and government

institutions might be the only ones that are

changed.

another revolution that would take away the

need for quantum computers in our homes;

or we might use a simplified version of a

quantum computer at home.

References

http://tph.tuwien.ac.at/~oemer/qcl.html

(Programming Language for Quantum

Computers

http://www.carolla.com/quantum/QuantumCo

mputers.htm (Basic Information)

http://www.cs.caltech.edu/~westside/quantu

m-intro.html (Basic Information)

http://www.wpi.edu/Academics/Depts/Chemistry/C

(NMR)

http://www.theory.caltech.edu/~quic/errors.ht

ml (Decoherence and error correction)

http://www.research.ibm.com/quantuminfo/te

THANK YOU !!!

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