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UNIVERSIDAD MAYOR DE SAN SIMON. FACULTAD DE HUMANIDADES Y CS. DE LA EDUCACION. LINGSTICA APLICADA A LA ENSEANZA DE LENGUAS.

Professor: Lic. Ruiz Monica. Students: Ibez Ayala Gary Daniel. Subject: Degree Exam. Date: 17-11-11.

Cochabamba Bolivia.

ADVERBIAL CLAUSES.
An adverbial clause is a dependent clause that functions as an adverb. In other words, it contains a subject (explicit or implied) and a predicate, and it modifies a verb.

Purpose clauses
You use a purpose clause when you want to state the purpose of the action in the independent clause. The most common type of purpose clause is a to-infinitive clause.

In formal writing, in order to and so as to are often used.

The company conducted a detailed survey in order to gauge its clients views.

In formal writing, you can also introduce a purpose clause with so that or in order that. These finite purpose clauses usually contain a modal.

Dr Chan adjusted the overhead projector so that the students would be able to see the chart more clearly. The lecturer finished his lecture five minutes early so that the students could come and ask him questions.

There are a number of other ways of expressing purpose in English. These are some of the most common ones:
With a view to, with the intention of, with the object/aim of, for the purpose of

If you use these phrases, make sure that the verb is in the _ing form.

The university introduced two new English courses with a view to enhancing students proficiency in the language.

Examples:
We have to eat so that we may live.

Here the Adverb-Clause so that we can live is the purpose for which we eat. That means the verb eat is addressing the purpose. Such an Adverb Clause of Purpose will begin with

1.So that 2.In order that 3.In order to 4.Lest etc


I will give you a map so that you can find the way to your relatives house.

In this sentence also the purpose for giving the map has been noted in the sentence in the form of an adverb-clause.

Reason Clauses

In your written and spoken assignments you will often need to answer the question Why?. When you want to explain why something happens, you can use a reason clause introduced by the conjunctions because, as or since.

As she wanted to practise her spoken English, Carrie regularly took part in the ELCs Big Mouth Corner. Mark joined the English Drama Club because he wanted to improve his intonation.

Dont use so in sentences beginning with since, as or because. Here is a common mistake:

Since he was interested in movies, so David joined the PolyU International Film Society.

Read the following sentence.


Because he likes his master, he helped his master.

In this sentence, why he helped his master has been answered by the Adverb-Clause because he likes his master. Such an Adverb-Clause may be of Adverb-Clause of Reason type.
I did this work, because this work is part of my educational project.

In this sentence, why I did this work has been answered by the adverb-clause because this work is part of my educational project.

You can also use the prepositional phrases because of and on account of to express reason.

We were unable to carry out the experiment on account of a malfunction in the computer. We were unable to carry out the experiment because the computer malfunctioned.

As you will see, there are many other ways of indicating reason and cause in English.

Thank you!