INDIGENOUS COMMUNITIES

September

Friday

30

2011

.

. Their right to selfdetermination may be materially affected by the later-arriving ethnic groups. A variety of names are used in various countries to identify such groups of people. but they generally are regarded as the "original inhabitants" of a territory or region. especially before the arrival and intrusion of a foreign and possibly dominating culture. They are a group of people whose members share a cultural identity that has been shaped by their geographical region.INDIGENOUS C OM M UNI T Y  They are ethnic groups who are native to a land or region.

approx.PHILIPPINES PEOPLE IN THE INDIGENOUS P H I L I P P I N E S . Mindanao .grouped into three regions: Luzon. 30 million hectares .mountainous archipelago . Visayas.comprises of 7.100 Islands .

coexistence. .PHILIPPINES PEOPLE IN THE INDIGENOUS  They retained ways of life that reflect ageold environmental adaptations. emphasizing sustainability. The traditional leaders act as custodians.  Private ownership did not exist.  The dominant money economy and oppresive practices against indigenous people have greatly affected them. community consensus and collective effort.

usually through large-scale industrial projects on indigenous lands. . such projects often force people out of their homes and into remote areas with poor soil. destroying traditions that have sustained them for centuries. Rather than improving their lives.PHILIPPINES PEOPLE IN THE INDIGENOUS •Development aggression describes efforts to modernize indigenous peoples' ways of life.

V a r i o u s Indigenous G r o u p s .

and river valleys of Cordillera Mountain Ranges. which had been incorrectly to backwardness and inferiority . or Cordilleran. foothills. refer to the assemblage of indigenous groups living in highlands. This term became more common after a perceived negative stigma in the term IGOROT.Cordillera (Northern Luzon) • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Tingguian Isneg Kalinga Bontoc Sagada Ifugao Ibaloi Kankanaey Itawes Malaweg Yogad Gaddang Isabela Isinay Bugkalot • Also known as IGOROTS • Cordillerano.

Tingguian. Northern Kalinga • Found in the watershed areas of the Abulag. root crops. Isneg. and Chico Rivers. . and vegetables. Tineg. • These groups are largely swidden cultivators who depend on farming rice.

Bontoc. Ifugao. Sagada. and Sounthern Kalinga • They are found along the slopes of mount Data and nearby areas. . • They are mainly wet rice cultivators who grow their crops both on irrigated terraces and swidden fields.

Ibaloi and Kankanaey • They are found on the South region of the Cordillera • Their economy is based on wet and dry agriculture .

and low lands of Cagayan. Isabella. Bugkalot • They are found in the mountains. Yogad. foothills. Malaweg. and Quirino. • They are in an advance state of assimilation into the national mainstream with substantial erosion of indigenous identity except language. . Isinay. Gaddang and KalingaIsabela.Itawes. Nueva Vizcaya.

. huntinggathering. physical f e a t u r e s . and trade. fishing. • Their economy have depended on swidden agriculture. wage labor.  They are mostly distinguished by their australoid.North. and South Luzon • • • • • • • • • • Alta Arta Agta Aete Ayta Atta Ita Ati Dumagat Sinauna • Also known as NEGRITO • Negrito occupies the dominantly Tagalog and Bicol territories. Central.

.Alta. Arta. Agta • Once found in the Northern Part of Luzon then settled down to the eastern part. along Sierra Madre and Pacific Coast down to Bondoc and Bicol mountains.

Ita. Dumagat and Sinauna • Settle in western and southern Luzon. Banay.Aete. • Others settled in Palawan. with larger populations now found in the Zambales-Bataan mountains and Southern Tagalog foothills. Ati. Atta. Ayta. Negos. Northern Mindanao .

Visayas MINDORO Northern Mangyan • • Tadyawan Alangan PALAWAN • • • Cuyonin Agutaynen Tagbanwa  MANGYAN is the collective term for indigenous people of Mindoro.  Clustered into Northern and Southern Mangyan. • • • • • • Iraya Buhid Taobuid Hananuo Bangon Ratagnon • • • • Palaw’an Molbog Batak Tau’y Batu Southern Mangyan .

Alangan Iraya. Bangon. Ratagnon) • Mangyan’s of Mindoro practice swidden agriculture • They also practice hunting. fishing. Buhid.Northern & SoutheRn Mangyan (Tadyawan. gathering and trade • A small group Called BANGON is considered branch of Taobuid • Another small group. RATAGNON is related to the Cuyonin of Palawan. . Taobuid Hananuo.

Tau’y Batu • The Cuyonin no longer consider themselves as indigenous group because they had been assimilated into the mainstream culture. Tagbanwa. Molbog. Batak. Tagbanwa. although some indigenous ways of life remain. Palaw’an. Agutaynen. .Cuyonin. • The Agutaynen. and Kagayanen are deemed already fully assimilated.

known as LUMAD.  Mamanwa . also called MORO and those who did not. • Indigenous people in Mindanao  Mandayabasically subsists through swidden Mansaka and wet rice cultivation.Mindanao MORO  Maranaw  Maguindanao LUMAD  Manobo  Bagobo  Tausug  Yakan  Samal  Sangil  Iranun  Kalibugan  Kalagan  B’laan-T’boliTiruray • The spread of Islam in Mindanao-Sulu created a differentiation among it’s native people between those who became Muslin. hunting. fishing. gathering and trade in-locally  Subanen manufactured items.

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