WIRELESS LAN

► Idea:

just a LAN, but without wires ► Not as easy since signals are of limited range
 Unlike wired LAN, if A can hear B and B can hear C, not necessarily true that A can hear C

APPLICATIONS Hospital, hotel, training, trade shows , inventory control etc.

TECHNOLOGIES USED 1. 3. 2. Frequency hopping spread spectrum Direct sequence spread spectrum Based on infrared communication .

WIRELESS PEER-TO-PEER CLIENT AND ACCESS POINT BRIDGING WITH DIRECTIONAL ANTENNAS MULTIPLE ACCESS POINTS + ROAMING UP TO 17 KM ! .Wireless LAN Configurations .

To select the 2. fixed. and roaming stations within a local area 2.IEEE 802. equipment . To develop a medium access control (MAC) and physical layer specification for wireless connectivity for portable.11 wireless LAN standard Requirements 1. or stations that require the rapid establishment of communications 3.4 GHz frequency spectrum . To provide wireless connectivity to automatic machinery .

11 is divided into cells referred to as Basic service set (BSS) Each BSS is controlled by a base station . which is referred to as access points (AP) Several APs can be connected to a backbone referred to as a distribution system (DS) PORTALS can be considered to represent a translation bridge because it provides the interconnection capability between an IEE 802. Under 802.11 LAN and another IEEE 802 standard LAN.IEEE 802.11 standard a single MAC layer supports all three physical layers (frequency hopping spread spectrum.11 wireless LAN standard Architecture ► ► ► ► ► 802. infrared) . direct sequence spread spectrum.

11 wireless LAN standard Architecture Frequency hopping spread spectrum frame format preamble SFD Length Signaling CRC Variable data Preamble 80-bit synchronization pattern used to detect the presence of a signal Start of frame delimiter (SFD) 16-bit that provides symbol level frame synchronization Length 12-bit indicates the length of the payload Signaling 4-bit indicates whether the data rate is 1 or 2 Mbps CRC 16-bit used for error correction Variable data is the pay load .IEEE 802.

IEEE 802. Architecture .11 wireless LAN standard .► ► Medium access control (MAC) layer provide an interface to upper layers and performs certain functions such as fragmentation . packet retransmission and acknowledgments Access method used by the IEEE 802.11 standard is referred as the distributed coordination function (DCF) Request to send (RTS) Clear to send (CTS) Network allocation vector (NAV) DCF ► ► ► .

IEEE 802.11 wireless LAN standard Joining an existing cell ► ► ► ► Three periods of time the station need to access an existing basic service set 1)when a station is powered up 2)after it enters sleep mode 3)when it enters a BSS area Active scanning Passive scanning Authentication and association When a station moves from one BSS to another without losing a connection. Roaming ► .

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