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ANDHRA PRADESH

Designation : Lecturer

Branch : Computer Engineering

Institute : Kamala Nehru Polytechnic For Women,

Hyd.

Year : I year

Subject : Computer Fundamentals and Office

Automation

Subject Code : CM-105

Topic : Fundamentals Of Computers

Duration : 100 minutes

Sub. Topic : Various number system used in digital

computers

Teaching Aids :PPT, Images

CM105.18TO19 1

Objective:

to know:

computer

CM105.18TO19 2

Recap:

Number systems

CM105.18TO19 3

Prerequisite

computers?

Octal number system.

Hexadecimal number system.

CM105.18TO19 4

DECIMAL NUMBER

SYSTEM

CM105.18TO19 5

Decimal number system:

is called the decimal number system.

system.

CM105.18TO19 6

Decimal number system (contd...) :

decimal number.

as the number system uses ten digits.

depends on its relative position within the

number. CM105.18TO19 7

Weight of each digit of a decimal number:

6498 = 6000 + 400 + 90 + 8

= 6*103 + 4*102 + 9*101 + 8*100

right hand

side = 1st digit * 100

right hand

side = 2nd digit * 101

CM105.18TO19 8

Weight of each digit of a decimal number

(contd) :

right hand

side = 3rd digit * 102

right hand

side = 4th digit * 103

CM105.18TO19 9

Weight of each digit of a decimal number

(contd) :

General expression

hand side

CM105.18TO19 10

BINARY NUMBER

SYSTEM

CM105.18TO19 11

Binary number system:

computers.

abbreviated as bits.

CM105.18TO19 12

Binary number system (contd) :

depends on its relative position within the

number.

CM105.18TO19 13

Weight of each bit of a binary number:

=8+4+0+1

= 13 (decimal number)

from right hand side = 1st bit * 20

hand

CM105.18TO19 14

side = 2nd bit * 21

Weight of each bit of a binary number

(contd) :

hand

side = 3rd bit * 22

hand

side = 4th bit * 23

CM105.18TO19 15

Weight of each bit of a binary number

(contd) :

General expression

right hand side

= nth bit * 2n-1

CM105.18TO19 16

Binary equivalent of decimal numbers:

Decimal No. Binary equal Decimal No. Binary equal

0 0 11 1011

1 01 12 1100

2 10 13 1101

3 11 14 1110

4 100 15 1111

5 101 16 10000

6 110 31 11111

7 111 32 100000

8 1000 63 111111

9 1001 64 1000000

10 1010 128 10000000

CM105.18TO19 17

OCTAL NUMBER

SYSTEM

CM105.18TO19 18

Octal number system:

Octal means 8.

The base of octal number system is 8.

It uses eight digits 0,1,2,3,4,5,6, and 7.

The decimal number 8 is represented by 10, 9

by 11, 10 by 12 and so in octal number system.

CM105.18TO19 19

Octal number system (contd) :

group of three binary bits.

way to deal with long strings of 0s and 1s

created in binary.

CM105.18TO19 20

Binary representation of octal digits:

Decimal Octal number

0 0

1 1

2 2

3 3

4 4

5 5

6 6

7 7

8 10

10 12

15 17

CM105.18TO19 21

Conversion of octal to binary:

To convert a binary number to octal.

Example – (101110)8= 56

101 110

5 6

CM105.18TO19 22

Hexadecimal number system

It contains 16 symbols

CM105.18TO19 23

Hexadecimal number system (contd)

9 and remaining six by the letters A through F.

binary bits.

CM105.18TO19 24

EQUIVALENT VALUES OF DIFFERENT SYSTEMS

DECIMAL BINARY OCTAL HEXADECIMAL

0 0000 0 0

1 0001 1 1

2 0010 2 2

3 0011 3 3

4 0100 4 4

5 0101 5 5

6 0110 6 6

7 0111 7 7

8 1000 10 8

9 1001 11 9

10 1010 12 A

11 1011 13 B

12 1100 14 C

13 1101 15 D

14 1110 16 E

15 1111 17 F

16 10000 20

CM105.18TO19 10 25

Summary:

digital computer

CM105.18TO19 26

Frequently Asked Questions

binary, octal and hexadecimal number systems?

systems ?

CM105.18TO19 27

Quiz

1. The decimal number system is a

a. base 2

b. base 16

c. base 10

Answer: c

CM105.18TO19 28

Quiz

a. 8

b. 16

c. 2

Answer: a

CM105.18TO19 29

Quiz

represented by digits 0 to 9 and remaining six

by the letters

a. 10 to 16

b. A to F

c. A1 to A6

Answer: b

CM105.18TO19 30

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