DEPARTMENT OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION ANDHRA PRADESH

Name Designation Branch Institute Year/Semester Subject Subject Code Topic Duration Sub Topic Teaching Aids : Murali Krishna Chintala : Lecturer in CME : Computer Engineering : SUVR & SR GPW, Ethamukkala : III Semester : UNIX & C : CM – 304 : Basics of Pointers : 50 Min : Pointers to functions : PPT, Animations
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Objective
On completion of this period, you would be able to know …

 Understand pointers to functions.  Understand the concept of dynamic memory
management.

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Pointers to functions
 A pointer to a function contains the address
of the function in memory.

 A pointer to a function is simply a pointer
whose value is the address of the function name.

 Pointers are often passed to a function as
arguments.
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Pointers to functions
Contd..

Syntax of pointer to a function is return-type (*ptr)();

 ptr is a pointer to a function which returns the
value of type return-type

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Pointers to functions
Example: int (*ptr)(int);

 where ptr is a pointer to a function that receives
an integer parameter and returns a value of type integer.

 Parenthesis around *ptr is necessary, because
‘*’ has a lower precedence than parenthesis enclosing the function.
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Pointers to functions
 We can make a function pointer to point to a
specific function by simply assigning the name of the function to the pointer.

Example: int fun(int); int (*ptr)(int); ptr=&fun;
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Example
#include<stdio.h> float fun(float); main() { float x,value; scanf(%f”,&x); value=(*fun)(x); /* function is called through pointer */ printf(“%f”,value); }
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Example
Contd..

float fun(float y) { return(y*y); }

 fun receives the value of x and returns it’s
square.

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Dynamic memory management functions

 Memory is allocated for each variable that is
defined.  Once specific location has been referred for a variable, the location is fixed during the program irrespective of their usage.

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Dynamic memory management functions
Example:

Contd..

 If an array is declared with size 100, 100 memory
locations are reserved for the array.

 If the program requires less than 100 locations, the
unused allocated storage is not released back until the program ends execution.

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Dynamic memory management functions
Contd..

 If it requires more than 100, the size of the array
must be increased and the program must be recompiled.

 An alternative to this fixed allocation of memory
is the dynamic allocation of memory .

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Dynamic memory management functions
Contd..

 Under dynamic allocation scheme, storage is
allocated to a program and released back to the computer while the program is running, rather than fixed at compile time.

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Dynamic memory management functions
Uses of dynamic memory allocation

Contd..

 Optimizes the usage of storage space.  Used to allocate additional storage space or
to release the unwanted memory space at run time.

 Extremely useful when dealing with list of
structures, as it allows the list to expand as new records are added and contract as records are deleted.
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Summary
In this class, we have learnt about..

 Pointer to a function contains the address of the
function in memory.

 Under dynamic allocation scheme, storage is
allocated to a program and released back to the computer while the program is running, rather than fixed at compile time.
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Quiz
1. Pointer to the function contains the address of the function in memory. a) True b) False c) None

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Quiz
1. Pointer to the function contains the address of the function in memory. a) True b) False c) None

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Quiz
2.Dynamic memory allocation optimizes the usage of storage space. a) True b) False c) None
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Quiz
2.Dynamic memory allocation optimizes the usage of storage space. a) True b) False c) None
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Assignment
1) Explain the concept of dynamic memory allocation. 2) Write the uses of dynamic memory allocation?

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Frequently Asked Questions

1) Explain the concept of pointers to functions with examples.

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