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Foundation

Conventional Rigid Method:

Step1: Calculate the total column load

below the mat at point A, B, Cby using the

equation

pressures determine in step 2 with the net

allowable soil pressure to check if q<qall(net)

Step 4: Divide the mat into several strips in X

and Y direction. Let the width of any strip be

B1.

Step 5: Draw the shear and moment diagrams

for each individual strip in X and Y direction.

be done by checking for diagonal tension

shear near various column. According to ACI

Code 318-95(section 11.122.1c). For critical

section

in a given direction (that is X or Y), obtain the

maximum positive and negative moments per

unit width M=M/B1

G

A

I

B=500KN

A=400KN

C=450KN

7m

Ix

L=1500KN

J=1200KN

K=1500KN

0.436m

7m

Iy

0.095m

G=1500KN

X'

I=1200KN

H=1500KN

7m

F=400KN

D=350KN

F

H

8m

E=500KN

J

8m

ex

Cu=

qu=

qall=

B=

L=

b=

25

128.5

42.83333

16.5

21.5

0.5

KPa

KPa

KPa

m

m

m

QA=

QB=

QC=

QD=

QE=

QF=

400

500

450

350

500

400

KN

KN

KN

KN

KN

KN

QG=

1500 KN

QH=

1500 KN

QI=

1200 KN

QJ=

1200 KN

QK=

QL=

SQ=

1500 KN

1500 KN

11000 KN

Q M y X M xY

q

A

Iy

Ix

A=BL=

354.75 m

1

3

Ix

BL

12

1

3

Iy

LB

12

Y '

13665.27 m

8048.391 m

Qi X i

X '

Q

7.813636 m

B

ex X '

2

-0.43636 m

M y Qe x

4800 KN.m

Q iY i

10.84545 m

Y '

Q

L

0.095455 m

e y Y '

2

M x Qe y 1050 KN.m

q

31.

354.75 8048 13665

q

354.75 8048 13665

qA=

36.7778 Kpa

qB=

31.8278 KPa

qC=

26.8778 KPa

qD=

25.2223 KPa

qE=

30.1723 KPa

qF=

35.1223 KPa

The soil pressures at all point are less than the allowable bearing capacity

qall=

42.8333 Kpa

OK

Strip AGHF

qav=

(qA+qF)/2

35.95 Kpa

Total column load on this strip

Average load

3542.4656

Modified average soil pressure

qav.modified=

38.768434

Factor modified column load

QA=

372.8911 KN

QL=

1398.342 KN

QG=

1398.342 KN

QF=

372.8911 KN

The load per unit beam is equal to

3284.93125 KN

3800 KN

KN

Kpa

F=

0.93223

164.766 KN

Strip GIJH

(qB+qE)/2

qav=

Total soil reaction

31 Kpa

qav.B1.L

5332 KN

4000 KN

Average load

4666 KN

Modified average soil pressure

qav.modified=

27.128 Kpa

Factor modified column load F=

QB=

583.25 KN

QK=

1749.75 KN

QH=

1749.75 KN

QE=

583.25 KN

The load per unit beam is equal to

1.167

217 KN

Strip ICDJ

(qC+qD)/2

qav=

26.05 Kpa

Total column load on this strip

Average load

2790.159

Modified average soil pressure

qav.modified=

30.53526

Factor modified column load

2380.32 KN

3200 KN

KN

Kpa

F=

QC=

392.3662 KN

QJ=

1046.31 KN

QI=

1046.31 KN

QD=

305.1737 KN

The load per unit beam is equal to

0.871925

129.775m KN

Shear on point

SA1=

41.19146 KN

0.25

SA2=

-331.7 KN

0.25

SL1=

821.6612 KN

7.25m

SL2=

-576.68 KN

7.25m

SG1=

576.6805 KN

14.25m

SG2=

-821.661 KN

14.25m

SF1=

331.6997 KN

21.25m

SF2=

-41.1915 KN

21.25m

Shear on point

SB1=

54.25581 KN

0.25

SB2=

-528.994 KN

0.25

SK1=

990.17m KN

7.25m

SK2=

-759.6m KN

7.25m

SH1=

759.58m KN

14.25m

SH2=

-990.2m KN

14.25m

SE1=

528.99m KN

21.25m

SE2=

-54.26m KN

21.25m

Shear on point

SC1=

32.4437 KN

0.25

SC2=

-359.92 KN

0.25

SJ1=

548.502 KN

7.25m

SJ2=

-497.81 KN

7.25m

SI1=

410.616 KN

14.25m

SI2=

-635.69 KN

14.25m

SD1=

272.73 KN

21.25m

SD2=

32.4437 KN

21.25m

Moment on point

X1=

2.013158 m

X2=

4.986842 m

MA=

5.148933 KN.m

Mmax(AL)=

-328.733 KN.m

ML=

1720.014 KN.m

X5=

3.5m

X6=

3.5m

MG=

1720.014 KN.m

Mmax(GF)=

-328.733 KN.m

MF=

-5.14893 KN.m

X3=

2.01316m m

X4=

4.986842 m

Moment on point

X1=

2.4375 m

X2=

0.25 MB=

2.01316 Mmax(BK)=

7.25m MK=

4.5625m m

6.781977 KN.m

-637.93 KN.m

1620.892 KN.m

X5=

3.5m

10.75m Mmax(KH)=

291.62m KN.m

X6=

3.5m

14.25m MH=

1620.9m KN.m

17.75m Mmax(HE)=

-637.93 KN.m

21.25m X3=

2.4375m m

X4=

4.5625m m

ME=

-6.78198

Moment on point

X1=

2.77344 m

X2=

4.23 m

MC=

4.05546 KN.m

Mmax(CJ)=

-495.06 KN.m

MJ=

Mmax(JI)=

MI=

664.08 KN.m

X5=

3.84m

-290.70 KN.m

X6=

3.1641

358.91 KN.m

Mmax(ID)=

-282.52 KN.m

X3=

2.10156 m

X4=

4.89844 m

MD=

4.05546 KN.m

Shear diagram AF

1000

821.6612435

800

600

576.6804506

Strength(KN)

400

331.6996577

200

41.19146076

0

-200

-400

-600

10

15

-331.6996577

-576.6804506

-800

-821.6612435

-1000

Distance(m)

20

-41.19146076

25

Moment diagram AF

2000

1720.014483

1720.014483

Moment(KN.m)

1500

1000

710.8236945m

500

5.148932594

0

0

5

-328.7329597

-500

top steel

10

15

Bottom steel

Distance(m)

-5.148932594

20

25

-328.7329597

Top steel

bo= (0.5+d/2)+(0.5+d/2)+(0.5+d)=1.5+2d

U=(bod)[f.0.34.f'c ]

U= 1.7 x 1500=

2.55 MN

2.55=(1.5+2d)(d)[(0.85)(0.34)(20.7)0.5]

0.5

0.5+d/2

(1.5+2d)d=1.94

0.5+d

2d2+1.5d-1.94=0

d=

0.68 m

minimum cover=

76 mm

steel bars=

25 mm

h= 0.781 m

We take

h=

0.8 m

Determination of Reinforcement

Maximum positive momement is located in strip AGHF

1720/B1=

M'=

404.706 KN.m/m

Maximum negative momement is located in strip GIJH

637.93/B1= 150.101 KN.m/m

M'=

Mu=M'(load factor)=fAsfy(d-a/2)

For the positive moment

Mu=(404.71)(1.7)=fAs(413.7*1000)(0.68-a/2)

688.007

=

351645 As(0.68-a/2)

0.00195654

=

As(0.68-a/2)

AS f y

0.85 f ' c b

413 .7 As.

=

(0.85 )( 20 .7)(1)

23.51As

or

As= 0.0425a

0.00195654

=

0.0425a(0.68-a/2)

=

0.0289a-0.02125a2

So

a=

0.07147

2

2

0.0289a-0.02125a -0.001957=0

As=

0.00304 m /m

-0.02125

As=

3037.58 mm2/m

0.0289

For steel D=25mm

A= 490.8739 mm2

-0.001957

So for spacing bars at 160 mm center to center

0.00066887

As provided= (490.874)(1000/160)=

3067.96 mm2/m

0.02586242

0.07147237

Mu=(150.1)(1.7)=fAs(413.7*1000)(0.68-a/2)

255.172

=

351645 As(0.68-a/2)

0.00073

=

As(0.68-a/2)

Similarly

As=

0.0425a

0.000726

=

=

0.0425a(0.68-a/2)

2

0.0289a-0.02125a

0.0289a-0.02125a -0.00073=0

So

a= 0.02575

-0.02125

As=

0.00109 m2/m

0.0289

As=

1094.25 mm2/m

2

-0.00073

For steel D=25mm

A= 490.874 mm

0.00077

So for spacing bars at 300mm center to center

0.02781

As provided= (490.874)(1000/300)= 1963.5 mm2/m

a= 0.02575

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