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PIn an electronic system, the deliery o power

requires the connection o two wires between the


source and the load.
S At low requencies, power is considered to be deliered
to the load through the wire.
S In the microwae requency region, power is considered
to be in electric and magnetic ields that are guided rom
lace to place by some physical structure.
Any physical structure that will guide an electromagnetic wae
place to place is called a 1rav.vi..iov ive.
. 1wo wire line
2. Coaxial cable
3. \aeguide
Rectangular
Circular
4. Planar 1ransmission
Lines
Strip line
Microstrip line
Slot line
lin line
Coplanar \aeguide
Coplanar slot line
Interconnecting
W 2 conductor 1x Line
W Open at the top discrete
components can be mounted
W Parallel Plate Approximation -
Assumptions
1LM conditions
Uniorm dielectric ,e between
conductors
1
C
, h
W 1x-line characteristics are unction
o:
Material electric,1 and magnetic
,3 properties
ielectric 1hickness ,
\idth o conductor ,
Cround
lane
SubsLraLe
ConducLlng SLrlp
h
W
Electric field
Magnetic field
Ground return path
X
Y
Z (into the page)
Signal path
Electric field
Magnetic field
Ground return path
X
Y
Z (into the page)
Signal path
W Lnergy concentrated more below
the strip
W LM ields extend in space about
the strip dielectric substrate is
mixed ,substrate - air
Strip width is small no 1LM in some portion - Quasi 1LM mode
Lquialence o microstrip metallic strip b,n two dielectric media o which
one is grounded
,7

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=

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=
>>

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2
1
0
12
1
2
1
2
1
1
1 04 . 0
12
1
2
1
2
1
1
2
1
2
2
1
r
e
r r
e
r r
e
h
W
W
h
h
W
h
W
W
h
h
W
1
1
1 1
1
1 1
1
s constant i dielectric eectie 1he

+ <

h
W
W
h
Z
h
W
e
o
4
8
ln
60
1
1
is impedance stic characteri 1he

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+ + +
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>
444 . 1 ln 667 . 0 393 . 1
120
1
h
w
h
w
Z
h
W
e
o
1
6
is impedance stic characteri 1he

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r r
r
A
A
B B B
h
W
h
W
e
e
h
W
h
W
h
W
1 1
1
6
1
61 . 0
39 . 0 ) 1 ln(
2
1
) 1 2 ln( 1
2
2
2
8
2
2
as ound be can & Z a gien or
r 0
r
r r
r r
Z
B
Z
A
1
6
1 1
1 1
0
0
2
377
11 . 0
23 . 0
1
1
2
1
60
=

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+

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+ +
=
Attenuation caused due to
P Conductor loss -
c
S caused due to the high current density in the edge regions o the strip
R
s
-Surace resistance
P ielectric loss -
d
S ue to the polarization reersal losses
S Loss tangent ,tan 0 is measure o -
d
1 ~ 1
r
@ -j 1
r
@ @ , tan 0 ~ 1
r
@ @, 1
r
@
P Radiation loss -
r
S epends on substrate thickness
S 1
r
S geometry
2 /B
g e
r
r
e
/

9,n
1
1
3 . 27
2
0
1
1
1
1
-

'
+

'

=
W
Z
R
s
c
0
686 . 8 = -
1otal attenuation / unit length -
1
-
1
~ -
c
- -
d
- -
r
,cycle dissipated Lnergy
stored Lnergy
6 2 = "
g T
Z
"
2
6
.
-
. 2
;
0
= =
,m
w
/
3 =
l,m
/
w
C 1 =
31 .

1
3
31 .
1 1
0
= = =
= = =
= =
C
u
w
/
w
/
C

Z
C
5
/
w
C G 9
1
9
= =
conductor the o
O =
c c
c
c
2
1
w
R
9 3
9
3 6

2
Lossless line R~0, G~0