Infrastructure

lnfrasLrucLure conLrlbuLes Lo economlc growLhţ
· 8oLh Lhrough supply and demand channels by reduclng
cosLs of producLlonţ
· ConLrlbuLlng Lo Lhe dlverslflcaLlon of Lhe economy and
· Þrovldlng access Lo Lhe appllcaLlon of modern Lechnologyţ
ralslng Lhe economlc reLurns Lo labourŦ
· conLrlbuLes Lo ralslng Lhe quallLy of llfe by creaLlng
amenlLlesţ provldlng consumpLlon goods (LransporL and
communlcaLlon servlces) and conLrlbuLlng Lo
macroeconomlc sLablllLy
lnfrasLrucLure secLor plays an lmporLanL role Lo
counLer balance agalnsL slowlng economlc acLlvlLy
and lower consumpLlonŦ
,ulLlple lssues on lnfrasLrucLure uevelopmenL
8eglonal Level
SubŴnaLlonal Level
8eglonal lnLegraLlon
CrossŴ8order
lnfrasLrucLure
naLlonal neLworks
lnLernaLlonal
CoordlnaLlonţ plannlng
and flnance
8ural neLworks
,anaglng ulsparlLles
uecenLrallzaLlon
lncluslve uevelopmenL
naLlonal Level
ÞarLlclpaLory
uevelopmenL
,odallLy of llnanclngŦ Þubllc ÞrlvaLe ÞarLnershlp
ÞoverLy 8educLlon
Low spend|ng on |nfrastructure has been a ma[or |mped|ment
for growth |n Ind|a
kecogn|z|ng the need GvtŦ Cf Ind|a has |ncreased |nvestment
on Infrastructure |n 8udget 2007Ŵ08 and 2008Ŵ09
kura| Infrastructure ksŦ 1200 crsŦ
Þower Generat|on ksŦ 800 crsŦ
Nat|ona| n|ghway Deve|opment ksŦ 10ţ667 crsŦ
koad cum ra||way br|dge pro[ects have been taken up as
Nat|ona| Þro[ects
Iar|ous Infrastructure L|ements
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!407
lndla ls power deflclenL ť
nergy shorLages of approxŦ 8Ʒ
Þeak power shorLages of approxŦ 10Ŵ12Ʒ
1Ǝu losses are hlghť 30ƷŴ 30ƷŦ
1he CovernmenL plans Lo add 1 lakh ,W of generaLlon capaclLy by 2012 Ŵ
77ţ000 ,W ln Lhe publlc secLor and 23ţ000 ,W from Lhe prlvaLe secLorŦ
Pydel pro[ecLs aggregaLlng 30000 ,W Lo be developed by 2017 Ŷ huge unLapped
poLenLlal ln Lhe norLhŴasL and !ammu Ǝ kashmlr
1ransmlsslon secLor Ŵ CaplLal lnvesLmenL of uSu 130 bllllon requlred ln
nexL 10Ŵ13 years Lo develop a naLlonal Crldţ flrsL Lransmlsslon sysLem ln
prlvaLe secLorŦ
ulsLrlbuLlon secLor Ŷ Successful lmplemenLaLlon of dlsLrlbuLlon reforms
(as ln uelhl) expecLed Lo encourage slmllar sLeps ln oLher urban areas ln
Lhe counLryŦ
Electricity Act aims to revitalize the power sector
(commercially viable)
Generation (including captive power plants) freed
from licensing
Sale of power to third parties (other than bankrupt
state utilities) allowed
Distribution reform encouraged
!!! in transmission ÷ 1200 km transmission line
project by !owerlinks Transmission Limited under
implementation
!407
!747088
1 Ǝ u Losses
D|v|ded |nto 1hree Þarts
1echn|ca| Losses
1hefts by State L|ectr|c|ty 8oard StaffŤ where Meters
are |nsta||ed unoff|c|a||y off the record
1heft by consumersŤ e|ther by hook|ng or hamper|ng
the meter
Pow Lhey Can be handled
keduct|on |n 1echn|ca| Loss |s eas|er part
In|t|a||y d|str|but|on ||nes were extended |n haphazard manner
|ead|ng to |oad deve|opment
keconf|gur|ng the |oads offers an |mmed|ate scope for |oss
reduct|on
It cou|d be done us|ng |oad f|ow ana|ys|s
Detect|ng unoff|c|a| |oads
Þhys|ca| detect|on
kÞI Ǝ 1a|a took over No|da and North De|h| a ÞÞÞ mode|
kep|ace Iau|ty meters
Þr|vate Þ|ayers have a Un|que Consumer Numbers even |f |t
Was a hutŦ
Whereas |n SL8s the consumer record |s |nev|tab|y
|ncomp|ete
Gett|ng meters read |s a ma[or effort |n the State of Cr|ssa
40Ʒ meters were not readŦ
1here are f|at chargesţ charged from many consumers
Us|ng nonŴhookab|e |nsu|ated w|resŦ
Þubllc ÞrlvaLe ÞarLnershlp
· A Þubllc ÞrlvaLe ÞarLnershlp (ÞÞÞ) ls a parLnershlp
beLween Lhe publlc and prlvaLe secLor for Lhe
purpose of dellverlng a pro[ecL or servlceţ wh|ch
wou|d trad|t|ona||y be prov|ded by the pub||c sectorŦ
· ÞÞÞs lnvolve Lhe prlvaLe secLor parLner provldlng a
ƌbundleƌ of servlces such as deslgnţ consLrucLlon and
malnLenanceŦ
· 8undllng Lhus dlffers from LradlLlonal conLracLlng ouLţ
whereby separaLe conLracLs are leL for each servlceŦ
· ÞubllcŴÞrlvaLe ÞarLnershlps (ÞÞÞ) are
collaboraLlve efforLsţ beLween prlvaLe and
publlc secLorsţ wlLh clearly ldenLlfled
parLnershlp sLrucLuresţ shared ob[ecLlvesţ and
speclfled performance lndlcaLors for dellvery
1here are a number of reasons governmenLs are
aLLracLed Lo ÞÞÞsŦ
- value for moneyŤ
- ApproprlaLe rlsk Lransfer Lo Lhe prlvaLe secLor
- arly pro[ecL dellveryŤ
- Calns from lnnovaLlonŤ
- Avoldlng Lhe need Lo borrow ln order Lo flnance
lnfrasLrucLure lnvesLmenLŤ
- Access Lo lmproved servlcesŦ
1here are four ma[or 'drlvers' Lo deLermlne wheLher a ÞÞÞ
ls value for moneyŦ
· 8lsk Lransferţ
· WholeŴofŴllfe cosLlng
· lnnovaLlon and
· AsseL uLlllzaLlonŦ
8lsks lnvolvedť
1Ŧ consLrucLlonţ
2Ŧ Lhe markeL demand for servlces (demand rlsk)ţ
3Ŧ Lhe cosL of operaLlons and malnLenanceţ
4Ŧ declaraLlons of force ma[eureţ (an unexpecLed and
dlsrupLlve evenL LhaL may operaLe Lo excuse a parLy
from a conLracL)
3Ŧ changes Lo Lhe law and regulaLlonsŦ
· 1DC Ŵ 1rad|t|ona| Des|gn and Construct|on
1he CovernmenLţ as prlnclpalţ prepares a brlef seLLlng
ouL pro[ecL requlremenLs before lnvlLlng Lenders for Lhe
deslgn and consLrucLlon of Lhe pro[ecLŦ
ÞrlvaLe secLor conLracLors underLake Lo deslgn Lhe
pro[ecL ln accordance wlLh Lhe brlefţ and consLrucL lL for
an agreed sumţ whlch may be flxed or sub[ecL Lo
escalaLlonŦ
· CƎMŴ Cperat|on and Ma|ntenance Contract
1hese pro[ecLs lnvolve Lhe prlvaLe secLor operaLlng a
publlclyŴowned faclllLy under conLracL wlLh Lhe
CovernmenLŦ
· LDC Ŵ Lease Ŵ Deve|op Ŵ Cperate
1hls Lype of pro[ecL lnvolves a prlvaLe developer belng
glven a longŴLerm lease Lo operaLe and expand an exlsLlng
faclllLyŦ
1he prlvaLe developer agrees Lo lnvesL ln faclllLy
lmprovemenLs and can recover Lhe lnvesLmenL plus a
reasonable reLurn over Lhe Lerm of Lhe leaseŦ
· 8CM Ŵ 8u||d Ŵ Cwn Ŵ Ma|nta|n
1hls Lype of arrangemenL lnvolves Lhe prlvaLe secLor
developer bulldlngţ ownlng and malnLalnlng a faclllLyŦ 1he
CovernmenL leases Lhe faclllLy and operaLes lL uslng publlc
secLor sLaffŦ
· 8CC1 Ŵ 8u||d Ŵ Cwn Ŵ Cperate Ŵ 1ransfer
Þro[ecLs of Lhe 8ulldŴCwnŴCperaLeŴ1ransfer (8CC1) Lype
lnvolve a prlvaLe developer flnanclngţ bulldlngţ ownlng and
operaLlng a faclllLy for a speclfled perlodŦ
AL Lhe explraLlon of Lhe speclfled perlodţ Lhe faclllLy ls
reLurned Lo Lhe CovernmenLŦ
· 8CC Ŵ 8u||d Ŵ Cwn Ŵ Cperate
1he 8ulldŴCwnŴCperaLe (8CC) pro[ecL operaLes slmllarly Lo
a 8CC1 pro[ecLţ excepL LhaL Lhe prlvaLe secLor owns Lhe
faclllLy ln perpeLulLyŦ
1he developer may be sub[ecL Lo regulaLory consLralnLs on
operaLlons andţ ln some casesţ prlclngŦ
Speclal conomlc Zones
· A Spec|a| Lconom|c 2one (SL2) ls a
geographlcal reglon LhaL has economlc and
oLher laws LhaL are more freeŴmarkeLŴorlenLed
Lhan a counLryƌs Lyplcal or naLlonal lawsŦ
· ƍnaLlonwldeƍ laws may be suspended lnslde a
speclal economlc zoneŦ
· #ŧŦlL ls a speclflcally dellneaLed duLyŴfree
enclave and shall deemed Lo be a forelgn
LerrlLory for Lhe purposes of Lrade operaLlons
and duLles and Larlffs"
· 1he purpose Ŵ #ŦŦŦ Lo provlde an lnLernaLlonally
compeLlLlve and hassleŴfree envlronmenL for
exporLs"
whaL ls speclal?
· uuLyŴfreeŤ exempLlon from Laxesţ varlous subsldles and
hassleŴfree operaLlons
· xempLlon from sLrlngenL labour and envlronmenL
regulaLlons forelgn enclave!
· Slngle wlndow clearance!
· Land acqulslLlon upLo 1000 hacLare CnlyŦ
· 33Ʒ of Lhe area for lndusLrlal acLlvlLy Ŷ Lhe resL of Lhe
area for enLerLalnmenL and resldenLlal as well as oLher
commerclal acLlvlLles!
8easons Lo develop SZs
· nhance forelgn lnvesLmenL and promoLe
exporLs from Lhe counLryŦ
· need for a level playlng fleld for Lhe domesLlc
enLerprlses and manufacLurers Lo be
compeLlLlve globallyŦ
· CrowLh lncluslvenessŦ
· lndla was one of Lhe flrsL ln Asla Lo recognlze Lhe
effecLlveness of Lhe xporL Þrocesslng Zone (ÞZ) model
ln promoLlng exporLsţ wlLh Aslaƌs flrsL ÞZ seL up ln
kandla ln 1963Ŧ
· WlLh a vlew Lo overcome Lhe shorLcomlngs experlenced
on accounL of Lhe mulLlpllclLy of conLrols and clearancesŤ
absence of worldŴclass lnfrasLrucLureţ and an unsLable
flscal reglme and wlLh a vlew Lo aLLracL larger forelgn
lnvesLmenLs ln lndlaţ Lhe Speclal conomlc Zones (SZs)
Þollcy was announced ln Aprll 2000Ŧ
1he maln ob[ecLlves of Lhe SZ AcL
(a) CeneraLlon of addlLlonal economlc acLlvlLy
(b) ÞromoLlon of exporLs of goods and servlcesŤ
(c) ÞromoLlon of lnvesLmenL from domesLlc and
forelgn sourcesŤ
(d) CreaLlon of employmenL opporLunlLlesŤ
(e) uevelopmenL of lnfrasLrucLure faclllLlesŤ
· |aIn benefIts sought from SEZs are:
* Faster economIc growth
* Employment generatIon on a large scale
* EarnIng more foreIgn exchange
* ÌnfusIon of modern technologIes E theIr
demonstratIon and spread effects
* EconomIes In productIon due to
clusterIng
IACILI1ILS NC1IIILD ICk DLILLCÞLkS CI SL2s
· 100Ʒ lul allowed forť
lŦ Lownshlps wlLh resldenLlalţ educaLlonal and
recreaLlonal faclllLlesŦ
llŦ lranchlse for baslc Lelephone servlce ln SZŦ
Income 1ax exempt|on Lo developers for any block of
10 years ln 13 years
· Duty free |mport$domesLlc procuremenL of goods for
developmenLţ operaLlon and malnLenance of SZs
· Lxempt|on from Serv|ce 1ax and Lhe CenLral Sales 1ax
· lncome of lnfrasLrucLure from lnvesLmenL ln SZ
exempL from lncome 1ax Ŧ
· lnvesLmenL made by lndlvlduals eLc ln a SZ also
ellglble for exempLlon under secLlon 88 of
lncome 1ax AcLŦ
· ueveloper permlLLed Lo Lransfer lnfrasLrucLure
faclllLy for CperaLlon and ,alnLalnenceţ lncluslve
of lncome 1ax beneflLsŦ
· Culdellnes lssued on generaLlonţ Lransmlsslon
and dlsLrlbuLlon of power ln SZsŦ
· AllocaLlon of power Lo SZs from cenLral quoLaŦ
· lreedom ln allocaLlon of space and bullL up area
Lo approved SZ unlLs on commerclal baslsŦ
· AuLhorlsed Lo provlde and malnLaln servlces llke
waLerţ elecLrlclLyţ securlLyţ resLauranLs and
recreaLlon cenLres on commerclal llnesŦ
IACILI1ILS NC1IIILD ICk SL2 UNI1S
· no llcense requlred for lmporLŦ
· ln addlLlon Lo manufacLurlngţ Lradlng and
servlces also allowedŦ
· lreedom Lo subconLracLŦ
· Slngle wlndow approval by uevelopmenL
Commlssloner of Lhe zoneŦ
· no llcense needed Lo manufacLure lLems
reserved for SSl secLor
· 100Ʒ lul allowed ln manufacLurlng
Lhrough auLomaLlc rouLe excepL ln secLors
such as defenseţ aLomlc energyŦ
· no cap on forelgn lnvesLmenLs for lLems
reserved for SSlŦ
· CusLoms and xclse ť uuLy free lmporL or
domesLlc procuremenL of goods for
developmenLţ operaLlon and
malnLenance of SZ unlLsŦ
· CenLral Sales 1ax AcL ť xempLlon Lo sales
made from uomesLlc 1arlff Area Lo SZ
unlLsŦ
· lncome 1ax AcLť
· 100Ʒ l1 exempLlon (10A) for flrsL 3 yearsţ 30Ʒ for
2 years LhereafLer and 30Ʒ of relnvesLmenL for 3
years Ŧ
· ÞermlLLed Lo carry forward lossesŦ
· Cffshore 8anklng unlLs allowed Lo have full l1
exempLlon for 3 years and 30Ʒ for nexL Lwo
yearsŦ
· Servlce 1axť xempLlon from Servlce 1ax Lo SZ
unlLsŦ
1ypes of SZ
· lree Lradlng and Warehouslng Zones
÷locus ls on warehouslng
÷Cb[ecLlveť Lo focus on developlng Lrade
relaLed lnfrasLrucLure Lo faclllLaLe lmporL
and exporL of goods and servlcesŦ
· SZ for ,ulLlŴproducL
÷unlLs may be seL up for manufacLurlng of
Lwo or more goods $ servlces ln a secLorŦ C8
÷Coods $ Servlces falllng ln Lwo or more
secLors
· SZ for Speclflc SecLors
÷,eanL excluslvely for one or more
producLs $ servlces ln a secLorŦ
÷,undra SZ ť ÞromoLed by Adanl Croup
for 1exLlle
÷Pas sLraLeglc locaLlon for raw maLerlal
access
÷Pas mulLlŴmodal connecLlvlLy for
convenlenL loglsLlcsŦ (lnŴzone seaţ alrţ and
rall Lracks)
· nokla 1amll nadu
· CuarkClLy Chandlgarh
· llexLronlcs 1amllnadu
· ,ahlndra World ClLy 1amllnadu
· ,oLorolaţ uLL and loxconn
Apache SZ (AdldasCroup) Andhra Þradesh
· ulvvyƌs LaboraLorles Andhra Þradesh
· 8a[lvCandhl 1echnology Þark Chandlgarh
· 1L lnfrasLrucLure l1 SZ Chennal
· PyderabadCems LlmlLed Pyderabad
Ior further |nformat|on v|s|tţ wwwŦsez|nd|aŦn|cŦ|n
1hank you for paLlenLly llsLenlng and
golng Lhrough Lhe semesLerŦ
ALL 1P 8S1

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