Medical textiles are one of the most rapidly expanding sectors in the technical textile market, according to reports, and hosiery products with medical industry applications are among a long list of textile products being consumed in that market

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Medica l textile s


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Md. Shazzad Hossain Id. 2009000400006 Tanmoy Gupto Id. 2009000400021 Asaduzzaman Id. 2009000400013 Jewel Chandro Das Id. Click 2009000400014subtitle to edit Master Zakaria Khan style 2009000400015 Id. Md. Kamal Hossain Id. 2009000400002

ul in m o o lim ssor T M k.P t D ss Click to edit Master subtitle A style . . Da ofe S 5/3/12 r r.d te it m b m la u A S .

normally aimed at how they enhance the comfort to the users. New areas of application for medical textiles have been identified with the development of new fibers and manufacturing technologies for yarns and fabrics. . which is really meant for converting the painful days of patients into the comfortable days. Development of medical textiles can be considered as one such development.5/3/12 Introduction  Combination of textile technology and medical sciences has resulted into a new field called medical textiles. either natural or manmade textiles. Development in the field of textiles.

Constituent element of Medical Textile products5/3/12 .

sterilization is important for biomedical polymers. .Characteristics of materials for medical use 5/3/12 The major requirements for biomedical polymers v v v v v v v v v Non toxicity No allergenic response The ability to be sterilized Mechanical properties Strength Elasticity Durability Biocompatibility As biomedical materials may be contaminated with bacteria. The sterilization technique can be physical or chemical.

manmade fibers like polyester. yarns. silk. polyamide. the major requirements of medical textiles are absorbency. fabrics and composites. polyethylene. softness and at times biostability or biodegradability.   Fibers used in medical field may vary from natural fiber such as cotton. glass etc. to. tenacity.5/3/12 Fibers used for medical and healthcare application  Textiles materials that are used in medical applications include fibers. regenerated wood fluff (absorbent layer). . Depending upon the application. flexibility.

5/3/12 The various applications of different fiber in medical field are shown as follows: Current Issues Sr No. Blankets. Coverstock Surgical hosiery Protective clothing Surgical covers. Drapes Caps mask Surgical hosiery Cotton Viscose Polyester Polyamide Polypropylene Polyethylene Glass Elastomeric . Masks. Wipes Gowns. Masks. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Fibre Application in medical field Surgical clothing gowns. Surgical cover drapes. Pillow cover. Surgical hosiery Caps. Beddings. Sheets. Uniforms.

5/3/12 Classification of Medical Textiles These are the textile products for medical applications include materials as fibers. yarns. nonwoven. they are classified as v v v v Healthcare and Hygiene products Extracorporeal devices Implantable materials Non-implantable materials (Source: Export Promotion Bureau of Bangladesh ) . Depending upon the usage. PTFE felts and mesh etc. woven. knitted.

5/3/12 Medical textiles can be classified as follows: .

5/3/12 Healthcare & hygienic products An important area of textile is the healthcare and hygiene sector among other .

Polyester. Polyethylene Polyester. Polypropylene Wood fluff Superabsorbents Polyethylene fibre Viscose rayon Fabric type Nonwoven. Viscose. Polypropylene Viscose rayon. Polyester Polyester. Woven Nonwoven Nonwoven Nonwoven or Woven Nonwoven or Woven Woven.Healthcare & 5/3/12 products hygienic Product application Surgical clothing gowns Caps masks Surgical covers Drapes cloth Beddings. Knitted Woven Woven Woven Nonwoven Nonwoven Nonwoven Nonwoven Nonwoven Polyamide. Polyethylene Cotton. Nonwoven Elastomeric yarns Knitted . Sheets Pillow covers Clothing uniforms Protective clothing Incontinence Diaper sheet Coverstock Absorbent layer Outer layer Cloths/ Wipes Surgical hosiery Fibre type Cotton. Polyester Cotton Cotton Cotton. Polyester. Cotton. Viscose rayon. Polypropylene Polyester. Blankets. Polyester. Glass Polyester.

such as kidney.Extracorporeal devices 5/3/12 These are extracorporeally mounted devices used to support the function of vital organs. and the mechanical lung. lung. . The function and performance of these devices benefit from fiber and textile technology. liver. The extracorporeal devices are mechanical organs that are used for blood purification and include the artificial kidney (dialyzer). the artificial liver. heart pacer etc.

Extracorporeal devices 5/3/12 .

knitted. braided and embroidery play a vital role in the manufacture of various implants. composites and 3-D shaped fabrics from woven.Implantable materials 5/3/12 Textile fibres. nonwoven. including the replacement of diseased or non-functioning blood vessels and segments of aorta or other big arteries. It is even feasible to produce vascular prosthesis as fine as 2-3mm in diameter. fabrics. yarns. These materials are used in effecting repair to the body whether it is wound closure (sutures) or replacement surgery (vascular grafts. artificial ligaments etc) .

5/3/12 Implantable materials Products .

orthopedic belts etc. . This includes wound care. plasters. bandages. pressure garments.Non-implantable materials 5/3/12 These materials used for external applications on the body and may or may not make contact with skin. They are made from co-polymer of two α amino acids.

5/3/12 Non-implantable materials .

It is estimated up to 575 (Rs Mn) 2010 The forecast for the world medical textile consumption in volume and value terms for 2010 is 2380 tones and 8238 (Mn USD) respectively .5/3/12 Medical textile global scenario It is the 5th in the textile market size with respect to other twelve textile application Recently a survey of medical textiles conducted by the tata economy consultancy services has estimated the market size in terms of value 17093 (Rs Mn) in 2005 and it would be 302018 (Rs Mn) Market size of medical textile in India in the value terms (Rs Mn) 2005 is 338.

5/3/12 Consumption of different categories of medical textiles SR Medical Product TextileMarket potential (Rs Mn) 2005 1 2 3 4 5 6 Sanitary Napkins Surgical dressing Health care textiles Sutures Medical devices Implants 4819 5828 1491 3160 &1190 Incontinence diapers 605 2010 8519 1070 10302 2635 5587 2104 .

etc. nonwoven. such as Hernia mesh. weaving. 1) Establishment of simple in vitro disease model system (especially for arthritis. . Fibrehydrogel composite). degenerative Intervertebral disc) by microfabricating tissue equivalents with precise spatiotemporal and cellular microenvironments.g. 1) To design some 'smart' textile architectures for medical applications. cartilage and bone-like tissues) to replace diseased or injured organs. post-surgical adhesion preventive barrier. using cells and Textile polymer based constructs (made up of rapid prototyping. knitting.5/3/12 Current research initiatives are focused on 1) Development of engineered tissue constructs (e..

5/3/12 .

Antimicrobial wool fibre/fabrics D. Anti microbial biofibre . Reconstitute biofibre F. Nanofibre biomat scaffold E. Functional wool fabric/textile A. C.5/3/12 Examples of recent new product developments: Self cleaning WWB garment (nanotech approach) B.

Conclusion 5/3/12 Textiles are more and more developing into interdisciplinary high-tech products with interesting changes in the market. Each country has its own regulations and standards for medical textiles. the demand for textile materials is bound to grow. physiologists and textile scientists. As medical procedures continue to develop. microbiologists. Medical Textile Competence Centers are being established to make the most of knowledge. . expertise and existing collaboration with medical researchers.

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