A Project Presentation on A Study on Job Satisfaction of Employees at Kesoram Cements, Karimnagar - Dist

Under the Esteemed Guidance of

Mrs. A. Santhosh Kumari, Asst Professor, SMS-JNTU Hyderabad.

Presented by Mr. K.VENKATA RAMANA Roll No.08032E0054

Agenda
Introduction Company Profile Research Methodology Findings
– Data interpretation – Statistical analysis

Suggestions and Conclusion Bibliography Annexure - Questionnaire

Introduction- Importance of the study
Job satisfaction exists when job characteristics (Profile) and wants of employees are in agreement. It relates to inner feelings of the workers regarding his job. Job satisfaction may be accounted to an individual or a group. The Study on Job satisfaction enables the researcher to understand the perception and causes of satisfaction among employees towards their job. Job satisfaction may be either positive or negative. The positive feelings can be re-enforced and negative can be rectified in an organization. This survey provides employees an opportunity to express their inner and real feelings undoubtedly (As the tool for data collection is a schedule most of their feelings are observed).

Industry Profile: Cement Industry in India
India is the second largest cement producing country with 137 large and 365 mini cement plants. The large plants employ 120,000 people, according to a recent report on the Indian cement industry published by Cement Manufacturers Association (CMA). Cement production in the country is expected to increase to 315-320 million tonne (MT) by end of this financial year from the current 300 MT. India dates back to 1914 for the first production of cement in porbandar with 100 tones. At that time India was in fifth place in cement production. The country’s cement production is projected to grow at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of around 12 per cent during 2011-12 - 201314 to reach 303 million metric tonnes (MMT), as per the RNCOS research report.

Company Profile: Kesoram Cement Industries Limited
One of the industrial giants in the country today, serving the nation on the industrial front, Kesoram Industries Ltd. Has a checked and eventful history dating back to the twenties when the industrial house of Birla acquired it with only a textile Mill under its 1924, it grown from strength to strength and Spreads its activities. To newer field like Rayon, Pulp Transparent paper, Spun pipes, Refractoties, Tyres and other products. Looking to the wide gap between the demand and supply of vital commodity cement, which plays an important role in nation building activity. Kesoram has an excellent record of performance achieving overall 100% capacity utilization. Kesoram Cement distribution itself stands top among the cement factories in India. Bagging the covered National productivity Award for two successive years. Kesoram also bagged NCBM,S (National council for cement and Building Materials) National Award for energy. Kesoram Cement undertaking marketing activities extensively in the states of M.P.Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamilnadu, Kerala, Maharastra and Gujarat.

Vision and Core Values
VISION: Kesoram in their continuous pursuit for excellent cement quality and customer satisfaction is committed to achieve cost leadership optimally utilizing their resources by Striving for ‘zero’ accidents, ‘zero’ quality complaints and ‘zero’ down-time. Enhancing individual skill through training and motivation.Total involvement through participative management activities. Creating healthy and safe environment. Continuous efforts for improving productivity CORE VALUES: To make the contribution for the advancement of the society and humanity. To help the public and government to take up construction activities for individual/ national development. To develop the rural areas and provide employment opportunities. Updating of latest technologies to meet the challenges

Research Methodology
Objectives of the Study Scope of the study Hypotheses Data Collection Sampling Limitations of the Study

Objectives of the Study
To highlight the level of satisfaction among the employees relating to the nature of job and other factors. To find out the impact of work life on job satisfaction To evaluate the working conditions in the cement industry To observe the difficulties of employees regarding their job To suggest suitable measures to improve welfare measures in the organization.

Scope of the Study
This study confines its geographical scope as employees of Kesoram Cement Industries Limited, Karimnagar - Dist. Job satisfaction of the employees has been covered on the basis of the following variables, – – – – – – – – – – Salaries and material benefits Job security Medical care Housing facilities Conveyance Superior and sub-ordinate relationship Freedom or expression Nature of job Working hours Working conditions

Hypotheses
Hypothesis -1: H10 - Job satisfaction among employee is essential element for improving his efficiency and effectiveness. H1a - Job satisfaction among employee is not an essential element for improving his efficiency and effectiveness. Hypothesis -2: H20 - Job satisfaction among employees does not reduce the Employee turnover. H2a - Job satisfaction among employees reduces the Employee turnover. Hypothesis -3: H30-Job satisfaction does not reduce the resistance among employees for new implementations/change. H3a-Job satisfaction reduces the resistance among employees for new implementations/change.

Data Collection
As this is investigative case analysis. The data comprises of both primary and secondary sources. Primary data: The primary data, which is first hand information, is collected basing on a logically arranged questionnaire. Manager level to Executives of and organization. The data can be obtained from these people by surveying questionnaire face to face interaction between researcher and respondent and critical observation method of day to day work environment. Secondary data: For the study Secondary data is obtained from magazines, books, Journals, Statistical Reports and Web sites etc.

Sampling
Sampling Method: Simple Random Sampling, i.e. Each individual is chosen randomly and entirely by chance, such that each individual has the same probability of being chosen at any stage during the sampling process. Sample Size: A sample size of 100 is chosen in a population of 400 employees at different levels as Technicians, supervisors, Shop floor managers has been taken for the study.

Limitations of the Study
As schedules were chosen as the data collection tool, the time spent for the study has become a bit hectic while study 100 people at work place. As, permission wasn’t given to interact with the employees at working hours, it was tedious in collecting data waiting for them in the breaks of their working hours.

Future Scope
This study can be performed over all the manufacturing plants and administrative offices of Kesoram cements Ltd to understand the over all employee satisfaction. With the support of HR we can use the online questionnaires to collect data from the employees who operate on official mail ids and remaining employees data might be collected in person. This helps in understanding and supplying more eminent facts with a holistic picture of Kesoram cements.

Findings: Data Interpretation
The interpretation of the primary data suggested the following levels of satisfaction in the employees of Kesoram cements Ltd.
Sl.No. Factor HighSat 1. Nature of the Job 59 2. Salary and Monetary benefits 65 3. Managerial communication 77 4. Peer Relations 83 5. Housing Facilities 38 6. Conveyance 69 7. Work environment 72 8. Working hours 78 9. Management relationship 59 10. Congenial (friendly) Climate 88 11. Performance appraisal 84 12. Recreation facilites 85 13. Training and Development 72 14. Overall Satisfaction 72 Neutral 22 15 13 8 35 15 10 12 18 8 8 12 18 15 High Disat 19 20 10 9 27 16 18 10 23 4 3 3 10 13

Objective Wise Findings
Objective -1 focuses on the understanding over the job satisfaction of employees pertaining to Nature of job and other factors, at Kesoram Cements 59% of the employees are satisfied by their nature of job and 22% stay neutral neither dissatisfied nor satisfied. A minor segment of 19% of the employees is dissatisfied by the nature of job. Overall satisfaction of the employees towards their job considering all factors is 72% where as there are 13% of the employees who are dissatisfied.

Objective Wise Findings
Objective -2 emphasizes on Work life and Job Satisfaciton, At kesoram cements it is observed that 38% of the employees are satisfied by the housing facilities, 85% are satisfied by Recreation facilities, 72% were satisfied by the work environment and 78% are satisfied by Working hours this conveys that except for the housing facilities, employees are very much satisfied towards the facilities and time provided by the Kesoram cements to them which in turn suggests that the balance which they attain through these facilities is improving the job satisfaction.

Objective Wise Findings
Objective – 3 focuses on the working conditions in Cement industry, the above satisfaction levels of employees towards the Working environment, congenial clime and Peer relations suggests the working conditions at Kesoram. The findings suggests that on an aggregate 82% of the employees are satisfied under these factors indicate the sophisticated and employee friendly environment that Kesoram provide.

Findings: Statistical Analysis
The correlation analysis performed over the primary data collected
gives an outcome that all factors considered for the study stating that they have influence on job satisfaction of an employee at Kesoram Cements have significant relationship with overall job satisfaction. Here we can notice that for the factors like Managerial communication, Work environment, recreation to the employees and training & development have comparatively low pearson correlation values stating their weakness in association with overall satisfaction. A special emphasis by Kesoram is required to see that those factors too influence the job satisfaction of their employees which in turn will increase job satisfaction of all employees as a whole.

Hyptoheses Testing based on ChiSquare
Hypothesis-1: Null hypothesis was accepted indicating, Job satisfaction among employee is essential element for improving his efficiency and effectiveness. Hypothesis-2: Alternative Hypothesis was accepted stating, Job satisfaction among employees reduces the Employee turnover. Hypothesis – 3: Alternative Hypothesis was accepted indicating that there is significant impact of Training and Development activities on Job Satisfaction.

Hypotheses for Reference
Hypothesis -1: H10 - Job satisfaction among employee is essential element for improving his efficiency and effectiveness. H1a - Job satisfaction among employee is not an essential element for improving his efficiency and effectiveness. Hypothesis -2: H20 - Job satisfaction among employees does not reduce the Employee turnover. H2a - Job satisfaction among employees reduces the Employee turnover. Hypothesis -3: H30-Job satisfaction does not reduce the resistance among employees for new implementations/change. H3a-Job satisfaction reduces the resistance among employees for new implementations/change.

Suggestions
As far as Housing facilities in KCIL are concerned there are no proper ventilation and cleanness. It is very much obvious from the responses given by the executives that they need to be fine tuned. Educational facilities are not completely satisfactory due to the Lengthy procedure and Terms and conditions. Proper attention has not been paid to the social atmosphere in the company that is why executives feel that they are more mechanical the social elements. So we have to conduct games, sports, creative arts, get together, distribution of prizes, recognition awards etc. Due to hazardous nature of work the technical staff has been deprived of the healthy working environment. The working conditions need to be monitored constantly in order to reduce the work hazards. Welfare measures like prompt medical facilities, canteens, restrooms, conveyances should be given top priority.

Conclusion
CONCLUSIONS Nature of job, Colleagues, Welfare facilities, Conveyance, working hours, managerial communication are accepted to be at higher level satisfaction by the respondents. Salary and monetary benefits, higher post else in future, Congenial and general climate, safety and security and stated to be fairly satisfied. Housing facilities is not up to the acceptable level of satisfaction. This indicates that for an organization with commitment towards Quality, care and concern at Work place has to take care of all the factors which contribute to job satisfaction in order to retain the employees and also improve their levels of productivity seeking to the organizations profitability. Every organization should take care of the employees as their primary customers and should have major priority satisfying them so that in turn their productive and efficient work would lead to customer satisfaction and organization profitability.

Bibliography
Aswathappa: Human Resource Management, Pearson,2009. C.B.Mamoria: Personnel Management, Excel Books,2009. Keith Davis: Human Resource at work, TMH,2009. Noe & Hollenbeck: Human Resource Management, Pearson, 2009. Thirupathi: Personal Management and Industrial Relations,Himalaya,2009. Websites www.kesoram cement.com www.citeHR.com www.wikipedia.org

Annexure - Questionnaire
Word Document has been provided for reference.

Thank you