PRESENTATION ON Bluetooth.

USMAN AKHTAR BS(it) 07-17

10/21/08

1

Bluetooth Was Originally a CableReplacement Technology

Bluetooth Working
Local Area Network (LAN)

• Radio Frequency Hopping (1600 Hps) Communication • 2.4GHz Frequency Range • RF Interface • 720 Kbps – 4 Mbps • Challenge-Response Scheme Authentication • SAFER+ • None/One-way/Mutual • Needed for encryption • Optional • Symmetric Stream Cipher • Negotiable Key Size (8-128 bits) • Clock dependent

Wireless Phone Network

Encryption

Bluetooth Technology Works

Bluetooth is a short range wireless digital standard aimed at linking cell phone,computer up to 30 feet. Unlike infra-red, Bluetooth does not require line-ofsight positioning of connected units. bluetooth networking transmits data via low-power radio waves. it communicates on a frequency of 2.45 gig hertz (actually between 2.402 ghz and 2.480 ghz,to be exact).

Bluetooth Technology Works

Bluetooth uses a technique called frequency hopping that makes it rare for more than one device to be transmitting on the same frequency at the same time.

The walls in your house won't stop a Bluetooth signal.

When blue tooth capable devices come with in the range of each either ,an automatic conversation take place to determine whether they have data to share, they form a minimum network called personal area network or piconet.

Connection Establishment in Bluetooth
STANDBY

PAGE

PAGE SCAN

INQUIRY SCAN

INQUIRY

MASTER RESPONSE

SLAVE RESPONSE

INQUIRY RESPONSE

CONNECTION

BLUETOOTH State Transition Diagram

Connection Establishment States
 

 

  

Connection: the device is connected to the piconet as a master or slave. Page: device has issued a page. Used by the master to activate and connect to a slave. Master sends page msg by transmitting slave’s DAC (device access code) in different hop channels. Page Scan: device is listening for a page with its own DAC Master response: master receives a page response from a slave. The master can enter the connection state or return to the page state to page for other slaves. Slave response: a slave responds to a page from the master. If connection setup succeeds, device enters connection state, otherwise page scan state Inquiry: device has issued an inquiry to find the identity of the devices within range Inquiry scan: device is listing for an inquiry Inquiry response: a device that has issued an inquiry receives an inquiry response

Connection State Machine
Inquiry Page

Standby Transmit data

Connected

Park

Hold

Sniff

Typical Bluetooth Scenario
 

Bluetooth will support wireless point-to-point and pointto-multipoint (broadcast) between devices in a piconet. Point to Point Link – Master - slave relationship m – Bluetooth devices can function as masters or slaves Piconet – It is the network formed by a Master and one or more slaves (max 7) – Each piconet is defined by a different hopping channel to which users synchronize to – Each piconet has max capacity (1 Mbps)
s

s

m

s

s

Technical features
Connection Type Spectrum Modulation Transmission Power Data Rate Range Supported Stations Data Security –Authentication Key Data Security –Encryption Key Spread Spectrum (Frequency Hopping) & Time Division Duplex (1600 hops/sec) 2.4 GHz ISM Open Band (79 MHz of spectrum = 79 channels) Gaussian Frequency Shift Keying 1 mw – 100 mw 1 Mbps 30 ft 8 devices 128 bit key 8-128 bits (configurable)

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