ESED01 | Software | Computer Science

UNIVERSITY 41GREENWICH

1 LŦ lŦ 1eodorescu
Lnterpr|se Software
Lng|neer|ng Deve|opment
LecLure 1
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UNIVERSITY 41GREENWICH
ourse coordlnaLor and 1uLors
ourse coordlnaLorť
Llena l 1eodorescu ť
Lmallť eŦlŦLeodorescu[greŦacŦuk ţ
Cfflce hoursť Wednesdaysţ 11Ŵ1 pmţ CM33
Lab 1uLorsť
Llena 1eodorescu
SLyllanos kapeLanakls
Lmallť ks78[greenwlchŦacŦuk
Cfflce hoursť 1uesday 14Ŧ00 Ŵ 13Ŧ00ţWednesday 16Ŧ00 Ŵ
17Ŧ00Ŧ CM333
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1eachlng /8oomlng
LecLure 1uesdays W30ţ 6Ŵ8 pm
1uL/Lab 1uesdays 8Ŵ9 W30ţ W013/M36
(uependlng on numbers)
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WhaL are we dolng Loday?
lnLroducLlon Lo Lhe course
8aslc programmlng ln Ť
Lab ť lnLroducLlon Lo ŦnL1 envlronmenL
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Learnlng CuLcomes
AŦ undersLand and reflecL on Lhe problems whlch are addressed by modern
sofLware englneerlng meLhodsŦ
8Ŧ have acqulred a LheoreLlcal and pracLlcal knowledge of componenL based
sofLware deslgn and developmenL and evaluaLe Lhe quallLy of sofLware
deslgn and archlLecLureŦ
Ŧ rlLlcally evaluaLe and apply modern modelllng Lechnlques and meLhods Lo
Lhe whole llfe cycle of real enLerprlse sofLware sysLemsŦ
uŦ be able Lo evaluaLe and selecL approprlaLe sofLware Lools and Lechnlques Lo
asslsL Lhe developmenL of componenL based dlsLrlbuLed compuLlng
sysLemsŦ
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Cvervlew
onLrolllng and opLlmlslng Lhe process of developlng
quallLy enLerprlse/dlsLrlbuLed sofLware sysLems
Þhllosophy
8alanclng LheoreLlcal models wlLh handsŴon pracLlce on real
lndusLrlal problems
Spannlng Lhe whole process from cusLomer requlremenLs Lo
deployed worklng sysLems
locus on Lhree areasť
SL modelllng for developlng quallLy dlsLrlbuLed sofLware SysLems uslng
uML and paLLerns
Þlannlng/conLrolllng Lhe sofLware englneerlng process
8ound Lrlp englneerlng
1he archlLecLural dlmenslon of deslgnlng modern enLerprlse sysLems
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lndlcaLlve conLenL
Analyslsţ deslgn models for modern
dlsLrlbuLed SofLware SysLems
uaLa SLrucLures
uML
SLaLlc
uynamlc models
use of uML LhroughouL Lhe sofLware developmenL
process
SofLware ÞaLLerns
SysLems ArchlLecLure
SofLware CuallLy
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lndlcaLlve conLenL
SofLware developmenL process (overvlew onlyţ
more ln SLM CMÞ1470)
Models and currenL Lhlnklng
1radlLlonal / formal
lLeraLlve and lncremenLal
Aglle developmenL processes
Þrocess for sofLware quallLy
Þro[ecL managemenL
1esLlng
osL esLlmaLlon
Puman lssues
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locus of Lhe Leachlng meLhods
ase sLudles
Slmple Lo real lndusLrlal problems
1aklng Lhem all Lhe way from requlremenLs Lo
lmplemenLaLlon /code
1heoreLlcal models/meLhodologles applled/dlscussed
ln Lhe conLexL of Lhe case sLudles
use of 1ools
uML
ASL
Þro[ecL managemenL Lools
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AssessmenL
hour exam wlLh pracLlcal and some
LheoreLlcal elemenLs
30Ʒ course (1
sL
/
nd
Leachlng week ln !anuary)
oursework
30Ʒ course
lncludlng demos and lLeraLlons
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Avoldlng Þlaglarlsm
Pelplng each oLher wlLh labs ls greaL! 8uLŦŦŦ
uo noL plaglarlse !!!
opylng from anoLher sLudenL/Leam or allowlng someone Lo
copy your work
CeLLlng someone else Lo do your work
opylng from Webţ book eLcŦ wlLhouL cleot and expllclL
acknowledgemenL
Þlease donƌL puL yourself or your fr|ends at r|sk
lf ln doubL ask meŦ
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1
ommunlcaLlon
Logln regularly and check for any news lLemsŦ
cancellaLlonţ change of roomţ Llme eLcŦ
heck your emall regularly
,S student forum
share ldeas and ask quesLlons
Cfflce hours
[usL dropŴln for help
ourse relaLed problems
LeL me know asapŶ don'L walL unLll Lhe end of Lhe course!
lor general querles Ŷ see your year LuLor or
programme leader
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Some Cround 8ules
- ALLendance
- all lecLures and lab sesslons
- Lry Lo caLch up Ŷ
- noLes on Lhe webţ ask oLher sLudenLs
- 8eglsLer
- 8e conslderaLe Lo oLhers ln Lhe lecLure
- chaLLlng or snorlng (!) wlll upseL Lhe lecLurer and
Lhose Lrylng Lo llsLen
- 1o do well youƌll need work ouLslde Lhe Lhree
LlmeLabled hours each week
- u|eť for each taught our you shou|d put another
2 hours
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urafL ourse plan
lnLroducLlon Lo Lhe course SofLware
Lnglneerlng raLlonale and llfe cycles
A LradlLlonal vlewť Loglcal deslgn of daLa
sLrucLures/ L8 modelllng
oncepLual ueslgn and physlcal
lmplemenLaLlon of daLa sLrucLuresŦ
normallsaLlonţrelaLlonal u8s/xML
Þrocess modelllng A SLrucLured meLhodologyţ
uaLa ulcLlonary
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onLdŦŦ
D, ] |asses
|ass D|agrams
Genera||sat|on
Dse ase mode|||ng
Dynam|c mode|
State harts
Des|gn |ass D|agrams
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onLdŦŦ
ntroduct|on to des|gn patterns
,ore Þatterns
Þatterns |n act|on
1he Lnterpr|se arch|tecture d|mens|on
SCA
ev|s|on
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lnLegraLlon wlLh SofLware uevelopmenL
SysLems 8ulldlng approach
8ound Lrlp englneerlng
All Lhe way from problem Lo deployed code
Þrogrammlng parL noL assessed ln LSLuţ buL you
should be able Lo cope wlLh baslc CCÞ
!ava

I8 ŦnL1
lnLegraLlon wlLh oLher courses
S11
LÞlţ ÞL
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1exLbooks
Software Lng|neer|ngť A Þract|t|oner's Approach
oger SŦ Þressman
7
th
Ld|t|on (2004) ,cGrawŴn|||
Software Lng|neer|ng
an Sommerv|||e
8
th
Ld|t|on (2006) Add|sonŴWes|ey
1he Dn|f|ed Software Deve|opment Þrocess (Cb[ect
1echno|ogy Ser|es)
var Iacobsonţ Grady 8oochţ Iames umbaugh
Add|son Wes|ey ţ 1999
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1exLbooks (conLd)
Ds|ng D, ť Software Lng|neer|ng W|th Cb[ects and omponents
Þerd|ta Stevens w|th ob Þoo|ey
Þrent|ce na||ţ 200S
Des|gn patterns ť e|ements of reusab|e ob[ectŴor|ented software
Lrlch Camma eL al
Add|son Wes|ey ţ 1993
App|y|ng D, and Þatternsť An ntroduct|on to Cb[ectŴor|ented Ana|ys|s
and Des|gn
ralg Larman
Þrent|ce na|| Þ1 2001
|ass|cs of Software Lng|neer|ng
¥ourdon L
,cGrawŴn|||ţ 1979
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More resources
Cn Web slLeť
noLes/ LuLorlal sheeLsţ Lab sheeLs eLc
More (speclallsL) LexLbooks llsLed
Web resources
lorum
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SofLware
l8M 8aLlonal Sofware ArchlLecL
SLlll ln LesLlng
AscenL / SelecL SSAuM / Ilslo/ Argo uML
IS ŦnL1
!ava !Suk and luLs (nL18LAnS or even
command drlven)
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undersLandlng Lhe problems
onslderlng Lhe problems ln sofLware
developmenL and Lhe goals LhaL sofLware
developmenL seeks Lo achleveŦ 1hese areť
MeeLlng Lhe user's needs
Low cosL of producLlon
Plgh Þerformance
ÞorLablllLy
Low cosL of malnLenance
Plgh rellablllLy
uellvery on Llme
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#1he SofLware rlsls'
Why does lL Lake so long Lo geL programs flnlshed
?
Why are cosLs so hlgh ?
Why can'L we ellmlnaLe all errors before glvlng
sofLware Lo cusLomers ?
Why do we have dlfflculLy measurlng progress of
a developmenL?
,eetloq oset´s oeeJsţ teJocloq costsţ lmptovloq
tellobllltyţ ooJ Jellvety oo tlme ote tbe most
lmpottoot ptoblems
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SofLware haracLerlsLlcs
lallure
raLe
lallure
raLe
lnfanL MorLallLy
Wear ouL
PA8uWA8L
SCl1WA8L
Same raLe unLll obsoleLe
1lme
1lme
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AcLual fallure curve for sofLware
lallure
raLe
ldeallsed urve
hange
1lme
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MalnLalnablllLy
lL ls ofLen noL reallsed LhaLť
MalnLenance devours Lhe ma[orlLy of sofLware
cosLs
MalnLalnablllLy has noL been emphaslsed as an
lmporLanL crlLerlon for sofLware accepLance
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SofLware MyLhs
ManagemenL myLhs
Cur people have sLaLe of Lhe arL developmenL
Loolsţ afLer all we buy Lhe newesL compuLers
lf we fall behlnd scheduleţ we can add more
programmers and caLch up (1he Mongollan
horde concepL)
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SofLware MyLhs conLŦ
usLomer MyLhs
A general sLaLemenL of ob[ecLlves ls sufflclenL Lo sLarL
wrlLlng Lhe programŦ We can flll ln Lhe deLalls laLerŦ
8equlremenLs changeţ buL sofLware ls flexlbleŦ
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SofLware osL
1x
1Ŧ3Ŵ
6x
60 Ŵ
100x
uLllnl1lCn uLILLCÞMLn1 MAln1LnAnL
osL Lo change
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SofLware MyLhs conLŦ
ÞracLlLloners myLhs
MeLhodologles don'L workŦ !usL go Lo Lhe worksLaLlon
Ǝ sLarL codlng
Cnce we geL Lhe program worklng our [ob ls done
unLll Lhe program ls runnlng Lhere ls no way of
assesslng quallLy
1he only dellverable ls Lhe worklng program
Cnce Lhe sofLware ls ln useţ we'll handle
malnLenance on a caLch as caLch can basls
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A SoluLlonť SofLware Lnglneerlng
CreaLer emphasls on sysLemaLlc developmenL
ompuLer asslsLance for sofLware developmenL
(ASL)
A concenLraLlon on flndlng ouL Lhe user's
requlremenLs
lormal/Seml lormal speclflcaLlon of Lhe
requlremenLs of a sysLem
uemonsLraLlon of early verslon of a sysLem
(proLoLyplng)
CreaLer emphases on Lrylng Lo ensure error free code
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SofLware Lnglneerlng
Slmple ueflnlLlonť ueslgnlngţ bulldlng and malnLalnlng large
sofLware sysLems
CLhersť
#oftwote eoqloeetloq ls coocetoeJ wltb tbe tbeotlesţ metboJs
ooJ tools fot Jeveloploqţ moooqloq ooJ evolvloq softwote
ptoJocts' lŦ Sommervllle
#1be ptoctlcol oppllcotloo of scleotlflc koowleJqe lo tbe Jeslqo
ooJ coosttoctloo of compotet ptoqtoms ooJ tbe ossocloteJ
Jocomeototloo tepolteJ to Jevelopţ opetote ooJ molotolo tbem'
8ŦWŦ8oehm
#1be estobllsbmeot ooJ ose of soooJ eoqloeetloq ptloclples lo
otJet to obtolo ecooomlcolly softwote tbot ls telloble ooJ wotks
efflcleotly oo teol mocbloes´ lŦLŦ8auer
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SofLware Lnglneerlng conLŦ
ueflnlLlons conLŦ
#%%1be oppllcotloo of o systemotlcţ JlsclplloeJţ
poootlfloble opptoocb to tbe Jevelopmeotţ
opetotlooţ ooJ moloteoooce of softwoteŤ tbot lsţ
tbe oppllcotloo of eoqloeetloq to softwoteŦ%% 1be
stoJy of opptoocbes os lo %%´ lLLL ueflnlLlon
#1be tecbooloqlcol ooJ moooqetlol Jlsclplloe
coocetoeJ wltb systemotlc ptoJoctloo ooJ
moloteoooce of softwote ptoJocts tbot ote
JevelopeJ ooJ moJlfleJ oo tlme ooJ wltblo cost
coosttolots´ 8Ŧ lalrley
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Þroblem Solvlng
COMPUTER
SCIENCE
CUSTOMER
SOFTWARE
ENGINEERING
Theories
Computer
Functions
Problem
Tools and
Techniques to
Solve Problem
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SofLware Lnglneerlng conLŦ
Layered 1echnology
key Þrocess Areas
Tools
Methods
Process
Quality
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SofLware Lnglneerlng conLŦ
Methods
Þro[ecL Þlannlng Ǝ LsLlmaLlon
SysLem Ǝ SofLware 8equlremenLs Analysls
ueslgn
odlngţ 1esLlngţ MalnLenance
1oo/s
AuLomaLed SupporL for meLhods
lnLegraLed LnvlronmenLs ť
ompuLer Alded SofLware Lnglneerlng
Procedures
uellverables ť uocumenLsţ 8eporLs eLcŦ
onLrols ť MllesLonesţ 1echnlcal 8evlewsţ hange onLrol
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1he sofLware process
SLrucLured seL of acLlvlLles requlred eŦgŦ SpeclflcaLlonţ
ueslgnţ IalldaLlonţ LvoluLlon
AcLlvlLles vary dependlng on Lhe organlsaLlon and Lhe
Lype of sysLem belng developed
MusL be expllclLly modelled lf lL ls Lo be managed
Þrocess haracLerlsLlcs
undersLandablllLy
IlslblllLy
SupporLablllLy
AccepLablllLy
8ellablllLy
MalnLalnablllLy
8apldlLy
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1he purpose of havlng a pro[ecL llfe cycle
1o deflne Lhe acLlvlLles Lo be carrled ouL ln a
sysLem developmenL pro[ecL
1o lnLroduce conslsLency among many sysLems
developmenL pro[ecLs ln Lhe same
organlsaLlon
1o provlde checkpolnLs for managemenL
conLrol for go/noŴgo declslons
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Þrocess Þrlnclples
Þrescrlbes all ma[or acLlvlLles
uses resourcesţ wlLhln a seL of consLralnLsţ Lo
produce lnLermedlaLe and flnal producLs
May be composed of subŴprocesses
Lach acLlvlLy has enLry and exlL crlLerla
AcLlvlLles are organlzed ln a sequence
Pas a seL of guldlng prlnclples Lo explaln goals
onsLralnLs may apply Lo acLlvlLyţ resource or producL
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Some sofLware process models
1he Lineor 5equentio/ mode/ (ºWaLerfall model")
SeparaLe and dlsLlncL phases of speclflcaLlon and
developmenL
1he Prototypinq {k4u) Mode/
SpeclflcaLlon and developmenL are lnLerleaved
1he 5piro/ mode/
lormo/ tronsformotion
A maLhemaLlcal sysLem model ls formally Lransformed Lo
an lmplemenLaLlon
keuseŴbosed deve/opment
1he sysLem ls assembled from exlsLlng componenLs
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WaLerfall LlfeŴycle
S?S1LMS
AnAL?SlS
8LCul8LMLn1S
uLllnl1lCn
Þ8LLlMlnA8?
uLSlCn
uL1AlLLu
uLSlCn
lMÞLLMLn1
1LS1
CÞL8A1lCn
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WaLerfall LlfeŴycle onLŦ
5ystem 4no/ysis
uaLa gaLhered Lo assess magnlLude
Þroblem descrlbed
lundamenLal undersLandlng of SysLem
kequirement uefinition
SysLems SpeclflcaLlon
lormallsaLlon of SŦAŦ resulLs
WhaL Lhe SysLem musL do
Pre/iminory uesiqn
Plgh level deslgn (SysLem Model)
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WaLerfall LlfeŴycle onLŦ
uetoi/ed uesiqn
8eflne Lo a polnL where lmplemenLaLlon can begln
le lllesţ lnpuL/CuLpuL specs
1esL Þlan
lmp/ementotion
odlng
1akes accounL of ldlosyncracles lnť
Þrogrammlng Language
CperaLlng SysLem
Puman Ǝ Pardware lnLerfaces
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WaLerfall LlfeŴycle onLŦ
1est
lndlvldual modules LesLed agalnsL LesL daLa
SysLem lnLegraLlon LesL
AccepLance LesL
Operotion
MalnLenance
Þerlodlc revlew
LvenLual replacemenL
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Weaknesses
uoesn'L work ln a slmple sequenLlal way
Þroblems crop up ln laLer sLeps affecLlng
earller sLeps
new subLleLles always emerglng
ueslgn errors are numerous Ǝ perslsLenL
SofLware ls lnflexlbleţ dlfflculL Lo malnLaln and
change
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SLrucLured Llfe ycle Model
AbsLracL model of Loglcal
sysLem
AbsLracL model of Þhyslcal
sysLem
S1D1DLD
ANA¥SS
Þn¥SA
DLSGN
,ÞL,LN1A1CN
1LS1
CÞLA1CN
8equlremenLs analysls
Ǝ deflnlLlon (Somervllle)
SysLem Ǝ sofLware
deslgn
LŦ lŦ 1eodorescu 46
UNIVERSITY 41GREENWICH
47 LŦ lŦ 1eodorescu
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haracLerlsLlcs
user lnvolvemenL
ALLenLlon swlLched Lo Lhe earller phases of Lhe llfe
cycleŴooolysls and Jeslqo
1opŴuown approach
Plgh level plcLure ls drawn up and subsequenLly reflned
lnLo lover levels of deLall
SeparaLlon of loglcal and Þhyslcal Models
Þhyslcal componenLs are acLually Lhose LhaL acLually
pbyslcolly exlsL wlLhln Lhe real world
Loglcal componenLs represenL a plcLure of whaL underllnes
Lhe physlcal componenLs
LŦ lŦ 1eodorescu
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SLrucLured Analysls
More emphasls on Lhe problem deflnlLlon
8esulLs ln more fully undersLood requlremenLs
lmproved communlcaLlon Ŵ graphlcal Lools for loglcal
modelllng
uaLa llow ulagrams (ulu)ţ
LnLlLy 8elaLlonshlp ulagrams (L8u))
lncreased conLracLor/cllenL communlcaLlon
Þhyslcal deslgn uses same noLaLlon as loglcal deslgn
LŦ lŦ 1eodorescu
48
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1ools of SLrucLured Analysls
W uaLa ulcLlonary
An organlsed llsLlng of all Lhe daLa
elemenLs LhaL are perLlnenL Lo Lhe
sysLem
W uaLa llow ulagram (ulu)
lllusLraLes Lhe fooctloos LhaL sysLem
musL perform
9tocess speclflcotloo conLalns a
descrlpLlon of each funcLlon
W LnLlLy 8elaLlonshlp ulagram (L8u)
Lmphaslzes Lhe Joto telotloosblps
W SLaLeŴ1ranslLlon ulagram (S1u)
locuses on Lhe tlmeŴJepeoJeot
bebovloot of Lhe sysLem
uaLa
ulcLlonary
ulu L8u
S1u
LŦ lŦ 1eodorescu 49
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SLrucLured Analysls onLŦ
A llmlLed seL of goalsţ whlch areť
8eallsLlc
Measurable
undersLandable
Maln meLhodologlesť
?ourdon
SSAuM
!ackson
hen
onsLanLlne Ǝ Myers
8umbaugh CM1
oad Ǝ ?ourdon
LŦ lŦ 1eodorescu
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AdvanLages of SLrucLured Llfe ycle
Lnhanced usLomer/onLracLor communlcaLlon
Work as a Leam
use wrlLLen Ǝ graphlcs Lools
#Curu' aLLlLude avolded
Cb[ecLlve Lo undersLand presenL sysLem Ǝ agree
pro[ecLed sysLem
8educe amblgulLyŴdlagrams
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AdvanLages of SLrucLured Llfe ycle onLŦ
Lnhanced AnalysL / ueslgner communlcaLlon
uses same noLaLlon ln SA Ǝ Þu phases
8educes lnformaLlon loss
Lven beLLer lf one group does SA and Þu
8eLLer Cverall CuallLy ln Analysls / ueslgn
Coals llmlLedţ reallsLlcţ measurable
A mlnlmum seL of Coals musL be presenL
lncreases ÞroducLlvlLy (8eallsLlc Coals)
LŦ lŦ 1eodorescu
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ÞroLoLype (8Au) Llfe ycle
Larly leedback
user lnvolvemenL
ÞroLoLype Lakes place of ºLoglcal model" of
SLrucLured Analysls
uangersť
CldŴlashloned #ode 1wlce' Þrlnclple
llenL wanLs Lo keep proLoLype
S?S1LMS
AnAL?SlS
8LCul8LMLn1S
Þ8C1C1?ÞL
uLILLCÞMLn1
LIALuA1lCn
lMÞLLMLn1
1LS1
CÞL8A1L
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ÞroLoLyplng Model
1here are Lypes of proLoLyplng
LvoluLlonary proLoLyplng
Cb[ecLlve ls Lo work wlLh cusLomers and Lo evolve a flnal sysLem from an lnlLlal
ouLllne speclflcaLlonŦ Should sLarL wlLh wellŴundersLood requlremenLs
1hrowŴaway proLoLyplng
Cb[ecLlve ls Lo undersLand Lhe sysLem requlremenLsŦ SLarLs wlLh poorly
undersLood requlremenLs
8equlremenLs are dlfflculL Lo capLure accuraLely!
ÞroLoLype Ŵ a worklng model of parL or all of Lhe flnal sysLem
use of hlghŴlevel languages Lo creaLe worklng programs qulcklyŦ Modern 4CLs
are very sulLable
ÞroLoLype may be lnefflclenL/ noL as robusL as flnal sysLem/ less funcLlonallLy
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haracLerlsLlcs
Þroblems
uocumenLaLlon may geL neglecLed
LfforL ln bulldlng a proLoLype may be wasLed
ulfflculL Lo plan and manage
AdvanLages
lasLer Lhan Lhe waLerfall model
Plgh level of user lnvolvemenL from sLarL
1echnlcal or oLher problems dlscovered early Ŵ rlsk
reduced
LŦ lŦ 1eodorescu
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LŦ lŦ 1eodorescu
36
8oehm's Splral Model
Planning
Risk Analysis
Engineering Customer evaluation
Initial requirements and
project planning
Risk analysis based on
initial requirements
Go/No-go
Risk analysis based on
customer reactions
inal system
LŦ lŦ 1eodorescu 36
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More Modern approaches
lLeraLlve and lncremenLal sofLware developmenL
uSuÞ (unlfled SofLware uevelopmenL Þrocess)
Aglle SofLware uevelopmenL
Aglle sofLware developmenLţ
LxLreme programmlng Ŵ advocaLes frequenL
ƍreleasesƍ ln shorL developmenL cycles
More abouL Lhls ln SofLware Lnglneerlng
ManagemenL (CMÞ1470) Ŵ 1erm
LŦ lŦ 1eodorescu
37

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