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• Population has always been one of Mumbai's struggles. It began with a population of 1,600 in 1715, by 1744 it had grown to 70,000, 235,000 in 1836 and 644,000 by 1872. However, Mumbai has experienced its greatest population growth since Independence in 1947.
In 1947 the population of Mumbai was 4 million and today it is greater than 12 million. An increase of more than 8 million people, almost all from internal migration and more than half of that increase occurring between 1960-1970. This has also led to massive problems with density and slums.
• The population of New Delhi has increased rapidly in last 10 years. From a figure of 400,000 in year 1901, the population of Delhi has increased to around 18 million in current year 2011. There has been tremendous development in transport, education and other facilities offered by the government and other agencies in Delhi. The population of Delhi is expected to rise 40% by the year 2020. Better roads and a good living standard in Delhi have attracted people from all over India.
According to 2001 Census of India, the population of Delhi was 13,782,976. In 2004 this figure increased to 15,279,000. The capital of India is considered to be second largest metropolitan city after Mumbai. The literacy rate in New Delhi is quiet good at 81.82% approximately. Estimated figures say that 200,000 to 300,000 people a year settle in Delhi permanently from other states in India as migrants. These people come in search of employment and education opportunities and become the permanent resident of Delhi. A large portion of New Delhi's population is formed by this section of migrants coming from other states.
• Bangalore city's population is growing faster than ever before and by the end of the year its head count is likely to cross the one-core mark. The city's population stands at 95,88,910 as of now, according to provisional Census 2011.
One of the most attractive employment destinations in the country over the last decade or so, Bangalore's population has grown by 46.68 per cent between 2001 and 2011, up by nearly 12 percentage points over the growth rate of 35 per cent in the previous decade. The City’s decadal growth rate is the highest among all the metros in the country. Indeed, at 36.35 per cent, over a third of Karnataka’s population increase in the last decade has happened in Bangalore.
However, the real story from the provisional data released by the Director of Census Operations in Karnataka, T K Anil Kumar, lies in half of the state’s 30 districts. At a time when most of parts of the country are nowhere near meeting the 11th Five Year Plan (2007-2015) population growth control target of 1.4 per cent per year or 14 per cent on a decadal basis, 15 districts of Karnataka have done exceptionally well. These districts have, in fact, already achieved the national average target set for the year 2026.
• Chennai with current population of 4,681,087 (4.6 million) is one of the largest cities of South India. The Population density of Chennai is 26903, which is currently largest in the state of Tamil Nadu. Chennai has witnessed a tremendous growth in its manufacturing, retail, health care and IT sector in the last 10 years. It is regarded as India's fourth largest city after Delhi, Mumbai and Kolkata. Being a major business hub of the state, the population of Chennai has witnessed a rapid growth in its Population. Chennai has become an important destination for trade and tourism in recent years. It has evoked as a city with tremendous potential for industrial growth because of its economic viability and available infrastructure. The state government departments are geared towards increasing trade and commerce links with other countries and developing greater industrial growth. This entire boom in the trade and business of Chennai city accounts largely for its rapidly growing population. More business and job opportunities in the city lure people from in and around Chennai to come and settle here. Major multinationals have already set up there branch offices in Chennai leading to more people being hired by this companies. So Population of Chennai has grown rapidly in the last 20 years due to its major industrialization and tremendous growth.
• An official Census 2011 detail of Kolkata, a district of West Bengal has been released by Directorate of Census Operations in West Bengal. Enumeration of key persons was also done by census officials in Kolkata District of West Bengal.
In 2011, Kolkata had population of 4,486,679 of which male and female were 2,362,662 and 2,124,017 respectively. There was change of -1.88 percent in the population compared to population as per 2001. In the previous census of India 2001, Kolkata District recorded increase of 3.93 percent to its population compared to 1991.
The initial provisional data suggest a density of 24,252 in 2011 compared to 24,718 of 2001. Total area under Kolkata district is of about 185 sq.km. Average literacy rate of Kolkata in 2011 were 87.14 compared to 80.86 of 2001. If things are looked out at gender wise, male and female literacy were 89.08 and 84.98 respectively. For 2001 census, same figures stood at 83.79 and 77.30 in Kolkata District. Total literate in Kolkata District were 3,648,210 of which male and female were 1,966,122 and 1,682,088 respectively. In 2001, Kolkata District had 3,382,103 in its total region.
• For the first time in five decades, Uttar Pradesh has witnessed a decline in the decadal growth rate of its population. According to the data released by the Directorate of Census Operations in Luck now , the state has registered a decrease of 5.76 per cent, with its population growth coming down from 25.85 per cent in 1991-2001 to 20.09 per cent in 2001-11. However, Uttar Pradesh with its population of 200 million, continues to top the population chart of the country. Allahabad continues to be the most populous district of the state with a population of 59 lakh, followed by Moradabad at 47 lakh, Ghaziabad (46 lakh), Azamgarh (46 lakh) and Luck now district (45 lakh). Among the cities, Luck now is the largest with a population of 28 lakh, followed by Kanpur at 27 lakh. Gautama Budh Nagar and Ghaziabad recorded the highest population growths of 51.52 per cent and 40.66, respectively, while Kanpur recorded the lowest at 9.79 per cent.
• Patna had population of 5,772,804 of which male and female were 3,051,117 and 2,721,687 respectively. There was change of 22.34 percent in the population compared to population as per 2001. In the previous census of India 2001, Patna District recorded increase of 30.17 percent to its population compared to 1991. • The initial provisional data suggest a density of 1,803 in 2011 compared to 1,474 of 2001. Total area under Patna district is of about 3,202 sq.km. Average literacy rate of Patna in 2011 were 72.47 compared to 62.92 of 2001. If things are looked out at gender wise, male and female literacy were 80.28 and 63.72 respectively. • For 2001 census, same figures stood at 73.34 and 50.83 in Patna District. Total literate in Patna District were 3,527,409 of which male and female were 2,066,494 and 1,460,915 respectively. In 2001, Patna District had 2,453,501 in its total region.
• Surat had population of 6,079,231 of which male and female were 3,399,742 and 2,679,489 respectively. There was change of 42.19 percent in the population compared to population as per 2001. In the previous census of India 2001, Surat District recorded increase of 54.30 percent to its population compared to 1991. • The initial provisional data suggest a density of 1,376 in 2011 compared to 968 of 2001. Total area under Surat district is of about 4,327 sq.km. Average literacy rate of Surat in 2011 were 86.65 compared to 77.62 of 2001. If things are looked out at gender wise, male and female literacy were 91.05 and 81.02 respectively. • For 2001 census, same figures stood at 83.83 and 69.87 in Surat District. Total literate in Surat District were 4,651,812 of which male and female were 2,743,118 and 1,908,694 respectively. In 2001, Surat District had 2,852,340 in its total region.
• In 2011, Bhopal had population of 2,368,145 of which male and female were 1,239,378 and 1,128,767 respectively. There was change of 28.46 percent in the population compared to population as per 2001. In the previous census of India 2001, Bhopal District recorded increase of 36.40 percent to its population compared to 1991. • The initial provisional data suggest a density of 854 in 2011 compared to 665 of 2001. Total area under Bhopal district is of about 2,772 sq.km. Average literacy rate of Bhopal in 2011 were 82.26 compared to 74.61 of 2001. If things are looked out at gender wise, male and female literacy were 87.44 and 76.57 respectively.
• For 2001 census, same figures stood at 81.94 and 66.37 in Bhopal District. Total literate in Bhopal District were 1,706,846 of which male and female were 949,856 and 756,990 respectively. In 2001, Bhopal District had 1,159,823 in its total region.
• Uttarakhand has population of 1.01 Crore, an increase from figure of 84.89 Lakh in 2001 census. Total population of Uttarakhand as per 2011 census is 10,116,752 of which male and female are 5,154,178 and 4,962,574 respectively. In 2001, total population was 8,489,349 in which males were 4,325,924 while females were 4,163,425. • The total population growth in this decade was 19.17 percent while in previous decade it was 19.20 percent. The population of Uttarakhand forms 0.84 percent of India in 2011. In 2001, the figure was 0.83 percent.