MYRA LEVINE'S CONSERVATION THEORY

By: Jermaine Joyce C. Arvesu

BIOGRAPHY
She was born in Chicago, Illinois. She was the oldest of three children.  She graduated from the Cook County School of Nursing in 1944 and obtained her BS in nursing from the University of Chicago in 1949.  worked as a private duty nurse, as a civilian nurse for the US Army, as a surgical nursing supervisor, and in nursing administration.

 She also received an honorary doctorate from Loyola University in 1992.  . She died on 1996.  She developed an interest in nursing because her father (who had gastrointestinal problems) was frequently ill and required nursing care on many occasions. 1973 & 1989.BIOGRAPHY She authored 77 published articles which included “An Introduction to Clinical Nursing” with multiple publication years on 1969.

COMPOSITION OF CONSERVATION MODEL  Levine’s Conservation Model -it is focused in promoting adaptation and maintaining wholeness using the principles of conservation. . The model guides the nurse to focus on the influences and responses at the organismic level.

economic.MAJOR CONCEPTS OF CONSERVATION MODEL  Adaptation -the process of change. -is achieved through the “frugal. contained. and conservation is the outcome of adaptation. and controlled use of environmental resources by the individual in his or her best interest” .

MAJOR CONCEPTS OF CONSERVATION MODEL  Wholeness -description of wholeness as an open system: “Wholeness emphasizes a sound.” . progressive mutuality between diversified functions and parts within an entirety. the boundaries of which are open and fluid. organic.

.” -The goal of conservation is health and the strength to confront disability. -is from the Latin word conservatio. meaning “to keep together” -“Conservation describes the way complex systems are able to continue to function even when severely challenged.MAJOR CONCEPTS OF CONSERVATION MODEL  Conservation -is the product of adaptation.

future-oriented. feeling.MAJOR CONCEPTS  PERSON -holistic being who constantly strives to preserve wholeness and integrity and one “who is sentient. thinking. and past-aware. believing.” -described as a unique individual in unity and integrity. . thinking and whole system of system.

MAJOR CONCEPTS ENVIRONMENT -completes the wholeness of the individual.  Internal Environment -combines the physiological and pathophysiological aspects of the individual and is constantly challenged by the external environment. which always are a form of energy.is the integration of bodily functions that resembles homeorrhesis rather than homeostasis and is subject to challenges of the external environment. .  .

. operational. and conceptual environments.MAJOR CONCEPTS  External Environment -is divided into the perceptual.

MAJOR CONCEPTS  HEALTH . and the individual is free to pursue once more his or her own interests without constraint. It is rather a return to self hood.” . where the encroachment of the disability can be set aside entirely.“… the avenue of return to the daily activities compromised by ill health. It is not only the insult or the injury that is repaired but the person himself or herself… It is not merely the healing of an afflicted part.

some dramatic—leaves its mark forever on each patient” .“The nurse enters into a partnership of human experience where sharing moments in time—some trivial.MAJOR CONCEPTS  Nursing .

nutrition and exercise.CONSERVATIONAL PRINCIPLE  I. It includes adequate rest. Conservation of energy: Refers to balancing energy input and output to avoid excessive fatigue. Examples: Availability of adequate rest. Maintenance of adequate nutrition .

Maintenance of patient’s personal hygiene .CONSERVATIONAL PRINCIPLE  Conservation of structural integrity: Refers to maintaining or restoring the structure of body preventing physical breakdown and promoting healing. Examples: Assist patient in ROM exercise.

CONSERVATIONAL PRINCIPLE  III. selfhood and self determination. self awareness. Conservation of personal integrity: Recognizes the individual as one who strives for recognition. Example: Recognize and protect patient’s space needs . respect.

. a religious group. Example: Help the individual to preserve his or her place in a family. Conservation of social integrity: An individual is recognized as some one who resides with in a family. community. a community. an ethnic group. a political system and a nation.CONSERVATIONAL PRINCIPLE  IV. and society.

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d.) used principle of conservation of energy and social integrity for comparing the body temperature of infant’s who had been placed on mother’s chest immediately after birth with those who were placed in warmer .in their study of incidence and prevalence of pressure ulcers in hospice patient -Newport (n.APPLICATIONS  Nursing research -Principles of conservation have been used for data collection in various researches -Conservational model was used by Hanson et al.

Francis de Sales.APPLICATIONS  Nursing education -Conservational model was used as guidelines for curriculum development -It was used to develop nursing undergraduate program at Allentown college of St. Pennsylvania .Used in nursing education program sponsored by Kapat Holim in Israel -Nursing administration .

shelters or streets .APPLICATIONS  Nursing practice -Conservational model has been used for nursing practice in different settings -Bayley discussed the care of a severely burned teenagers on the basis of four conservational principles and discussed patient’s perceptual. operational and conceptual environment -Pond used conservation model for guiding the nursing care of homeless at a clinic.

5th Edition.com/2009/07/myralevines-conservation-theory.yahoo.html  http://www4.edu/~sey0/levine. Nursing Theory and Their Work.REFERENCES http://nursingtheories.desales.html on July 2009.  www. Ana Marrimer.com  Tomey.blogspot.2002  .

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