Dyeing of synthetic fibers

DYEING AND PRINTING

By:

Haqiqat Ali (12) Pulkit Mishra (20)

Under the guidance of:

Mrs. T. Srivani (DFT)

• Improvement in the properties. Polyester. Synthetic fibers: synthetic fibers are created by forcing. . Acrylic. fiber forming materials through holes (called spinnerets). usually through extrusion. Rayon.g. animal and mineral sources. Nylon.Introduction DYEING AND PRINTING Dyeing: Process of imparting colours to a textile material through a dye (colour) • Obtained from flowers. berries and other vegetable. plants. Spandex. e. nuts.

05 to 1.  Solvent : 0. highly crystalline. .  Temp : 60° to 90° C. hydrophobic.  Carrier : 0. • Slow rate of diffusion/penetration of dye.  Dye of small molecular size is preferred.Dyeing of synthetic fiber. low moisture regain values. • Less sites for the combination of dyestuff with fabric.05 to 5% by weight. DYEING AND PRINTING  Difficult to dye • More compact.2% by weight.

Cellulose Triacetate. Disperse Dyes  Developed for the dyeing of cellulose acetate. Polyester and Acrylic fibers.  Water insoluble.  Used for dyeing Nylon. sometimes. and are substantially. work excellent on synthetics.  Dyeing temperature of 130 °C is required. . and a pressurized dye bath is used for this purpose.Major dyes for Synthetic fibers DYEING AND PRINTING 1.

 User can add it "directly. Cationic dyes. when mixed in aqueous solution. as it will remain stick to the surface.Major dyes for……. 2.  Having intensive bonding capability. .  Used for Nylon.  Have particularly high affinity for anionic surfaces  Positively charged surface groups are stronger over the negatively charged surface groups." without a fixative or mordant. DYEING AND PRINTING  Give colored positively charged ions.

 Used for silk and wool generally but used for Nylon too.  vinegar and food colouring are a type of acid dyes only. Acid dyes. DYEING AND PRINTING  Made up of common vinegar or citric acid.  Need heat and moisture to create this bond.  The acid assists in creating a bond between the fabric and the dye.Major dyes for…….  they are water-soluble and can be applied directly to the fiber. . 3.

4. DYEING AND PRINTING  Can react directly with the fabric.  chemical reaction happens between the dye and the molecules of the fabric  fiber reactive dye is permanent  clothes dyed with fiber reactive dye can withstand many washings and still retain same vibrant color. Fiber Reactive Dyes.Major dyes for……. .  Works best with cellulose (plant) fibers as well as for synthetic fibers like Modacrylic.

Disperse dyes Fiber reactive dyes Cationic dyes. disperse dyes Disperse dye Acetate rayon dyes Disperse dyes Doesn't take dyes (in normal condition) Doesn't take dyes (in normal condition) Polyester Acetate (cellulosic) Acrylic Modacrylic Nylon Orlon Rayon Spandex Vinalon Vinyon . acid dyes.Popular Dyes Name of fibers DYEING AND PRINTING Name of common dyes that are used Disperse dyes Doesn't take dyes ordinarily.

Dyeing of some important synthetic fibers DYEING AND PRINTING 1. Nylon  Can be dyed with acid dyes or disperse dyes. Acid dye: Dissolving dye and salt in enough water.  Application of heat to fix the dye to the nylon is required in both case. • Allow it to move freely in the pot • Heat it to a simmer for ten minutes • Add vinegar and simmer another ten minutes • Allow to cool gradually and rinse out .

 Temperature of between 98°c and 110°c. . • monosodium phosphate + disodium phosphate for pH > or = 6. • sodium acetate or ammonium acetate + acetic acid for pH < 6.Nylon…..  A post-treatment with synthetic tannins is required to improve the fastness to wet treatments of the dyes. • Either at constant pH using a buffer system. DYEING AND PRINTING  Regulation of pH: The dyeing pH depends on the type of dye used and the colour intensity.

5.  Neutralize with 1 cc/liter Acetic Acid. Polyester DYEING AND PRINTING  Pre-treatment is done to remove the lubricant oils and other auxiliaries used during spinning and weaving or knitting operations. .  Take Lissopal D paste = 2 grams/litre and Soda Ash = 2 grams/litre.2.  Check the pH .  Hot Wash @ 70°C for 10 minutes.5 to 6.  Treat with the above recipe at 90~95°C for 20 minutes.

Acetic Acid 1gpl.  Take Lyogen DFT 0. .Polyester….  Add the dyestuff slowly.5°C per minute.5.5gpl.  Hold for 45 to 60 minutes according to the depth of the shade. DYEING AND PRINTING  Raise the temperature to 50°C and run for 10 minutes. Sandozen PES 1gpl. at pH to 5.  Do Hot Wash (70°C) for 10 minutes followed by cold wash.  Raise the temperature further from 115°C t0 135°C at 0.  Raise the temperature to 115°C at 2°C per minute. to 6.

 The electrolyte is added in the dye bath for medium to dark shades to exhaust the dyes .980C is maintained in the process.3. DYEING AND PRINTING  Generally basic dyes have good saturation value for acrylic.  A temperature nearly 900C. .  Heating in diffusion phase is done at a controlled rate. Acrylic Fibers  Modified cationic dyes are most commonly used.  Dyeing is carried out in the weakly acidic bath with the help of acetic acid.

com/od/dyingandscreenprinting/f/What-isacid-dye.slideshare.htm http://diyfashion.html http://www.Bibliography DYEING AND PRINTING http://diyfashion.dyespigments.com/od/dyingandscreenprinting/f/What-IsFiber-Reactive-Dye.htm http://www.com/disperse-dyes.net/nega2002/dyeingofsyntheticfibres http://www.about.about.dyespigments.html http://www.html http://www.dyespigments.com/dyes-synthetic-fibers.com/od/dyingandscreenprinting/f/How-ToDye-Synthetic-Fibers.com/how_6052649_dye-synthetic-fabric.about.ehow.html .htm http://diyfashion.com/cationic-dyes.

09./ 0.907 .905  94 ..

/ 5 !#% #.9:70 1:7907 1742 S 9 S .09.3/ 7:3 147  23:908 // 90 /089:11 84 .47/3 94 90 /059 41 90 8.8 ..3/403 !$ 5 .0 403 % 5 $.8  S 147  23:908 1440/ - .9:70 94  S .80 90 902507.4/ ./0 4 49 .!408907 %.9 S 507 23:90 #..9:70 94 S .80 90 902507.9 5 94   94  #.9 S 507 23:90 4/ 147  94  23:908 . .80 90 902507.

974908..-.7   82.7. .9 9900541.044/8.933/11:8435.9:7030..78.9:7.30/ 390574.90 ./08.439740/ 7./..088 038.943.//0/390/0-.702489..8..42243:80/ !#% 0307.808/430..09./08940.9147 20/:294/.943.../08...39.770/4:93900./ %000.-078 4/10/.:8990/08 0..9.7.:0 147.-. 902507.

 #! !#% ½ $$ €f¾° f  n¯$ $ °–f° ¾n °½°°–$€$ @  ° n  ¾ ¯ ½ $$ €f¾° f  n¯$ $ °–f° ¾n °½°°–$€$Jf ¾ fn  ¯ ½ $$ €f¾° f  n¯$ $ °–f° ¾n °½°°–$€$Jf ¾    fn  ¯ ½ $$  ¾½–¯ °¾ n¯$  ¾ ¾° n € ¾ ¯ ½ $$  ¾½–¯ °¾ n¯$ ¾½ ¾  ¾ ¯ ½ $$  ¾½–¯ °¾ n¯$nf°n  ¾ ¯ ½ $$ ¾ ¾f ° $° –f$  °–€¾° n€  ¾ ½ $$  n¯$%%  ¾° n €f n ¯ .