What is Psychology?

Intro to Psych, Week 1 Prof. Regine Galanti

Psychology = Therapy?

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Psychology = Common Sense? .

Psychology = testing? .

Psychology: A definition The scientific study of behavior and the mental processes  Roots in philosophy  Modern psychology dates to ~1879 .

Involves: Sensation Perception Memory Emotion Motivation Learning Intelligence Thinking Language .

How did people think about behavior? Trephining  Used in the old Stone Age  Systematic holes in the skull Representative of demonology trend .

contd.History. Hippocrates  Greek Period: 500 BCE  Tried to explain how the body operates Four humors  Black Bile  Yellow Bile (anxiety)  Blood (anger)  Phlegm Somatogenic hypothesis .

How did people think about the mind? Rene Descartes (1596-1650)  Rationalist  Dualism Mind is spiritual  Body is physical  They interact to produce sensations .

John Locke (1632-1704)  Tabula Rasa – the mind as a blank slate  Sets the stage for the nature versus nurture debate .

Germany (1879)  Looked at the connections between physiology and psychology  Structuralism – one of the first schools of psychology .Psychology becomes more scientific… Wilhelm Wundt  Started the first psychology  lab in Liepzig.

Functionalism Focuses on adaptation of the mental processes (ala Darwin) William James  Pragmatist Stream of Consciousness  Consciousness as personal and changing. can’t be dissected for common elements of Psychology Wrote the first Psychology textbook  Principles .

Psychoanalysis Developed by Sigmund Freud in the early 1900s  The causes of behavior are unconscious  Childhood experiences are important to adult personality  We reveal our personality through “slips of the unconscious” – called parapraxes .

Behaviorism Rejected Freud’s unconscious idea Emphasizes observable behaviors. and the process of learning  Forget about the mind – who cares!  Scientific investigation is important .

Skinner .F.Big Names in Behaviorism John Watson Ivan Pavlov B.

Cognitive Perspective Developed because the behaviorists were too narrow in scope  Includes what is going on inside the mind  Influenced by computers .

Today’s Theoretical Perspectives Behavioral : Observable relationships Psychodynamic: Unconscious forces motivating behavior Humanistic : Self-actualization. free will Cognitive: Thought processes Psychobiological: Genes. brain function Evolutionary .

Careers in Psychology Behavioral neuroscience Developmental psych Sensation and perception Cognitive psych Motivation Personality psych Social psych I/O psych .

More Careers Clinical Psych Health Psych Community Psych School psych Forensic psy .

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