Theory of cognitive development

Preoperational stage

Introduction  The impact of Jean Piaget (18961980) on our understanding of child development has been extraordinary. .  Piaget's theory of cognitive development is a comprehensive theory about the nature and development of human intelligence.

The Nature of Intelligence: -Operative and Figurative IntelligenceOperative and Figurative Intelligence is divided into:     Sensorimotor stage Preoperational stage Concrete operational stage Formal operational stage .

. and as such is defined in reference to the two conditions that define dynamic systems. Specifically. he argued that reality involves transformations and states.The Nature of Intelligence: -Operative and Figurative Intelligence Piaget believed that reality is a dynamic system of continuous change.

Preoperational stage  The preoperative stage is the second of four stages of cognitive development.  By observing sequences of play. . a qualitatively new kind of psychological functioning occurs. Jean Piaget was able to demonstrate that towards the end of the second year.

Preoperational stage  The hallmark of the preoperational stage is sparse and logically inadequate mental operations.  During this stage. . The child is able to form stable concepts as well as mental reasoning and magical beliefs. the child learns to use and to represent objects by images. and drawings. words.

Preoperational stage  Thinking is still egocentric. Two substages can be formed from preoperative thought.  . The child has difficulty taking the viewpoint of others.

Other examples of mental abilities are language and pretend play.Preoperational stage  The Symbolic Function Substage  Occurs between about the ages of 2 and 7. kids cannot yet manipulate and transform information in logical ways. but they now can think in images and symbols. .During 2-4 years old .

Piaget called it the intuitive substage because children realize they have a vast amount of knowledge but they are unaware of how they know it. Children tend to become very curious and ask many questions. There is an interest for reasoning and wanting to know why things are the way they are. begin the use of primitive reasoning.Preoperational stage The Intuitive Thought Substage   Occurs between about the ages of 4 and 7. .

” Our experience of childhood is still incomplete.Conclusion  In premodern and medieval society . but thanks to Jean Piaget’s theory of cognitive development our society comes to more comprehensive understanding of childhood. . as the most significant part of human life. Incarnation of insensitivity and neglection of the society in the past.childhood. clearly show statements of known philosophers. do not count. neither their bodies have got any characteristics. ” or “Children do not have mental activity. did not exist. writers and even pedagogues like : “ Young children that aren’t include in the life of adults.