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Presented by: guidance of:

Atin Agarwal Srivastava Akash Kumar Chauhan Mohit Banga En-E (4th year)

Under the
Mr. Gaurav

Introduction
This

is our small step to try to improve the situation of electricity shortage by our project. Electricity- secondary source of energy i.e. converted from other sources. We need it for every small thing, still notice its importance only during load shedding.

This is the new method of electricity generation. This project is about GENERATION OF ELECTRICITY WITH THE SPEED BREAKERS. Generally when vehicle is in motion it produces various forms of energy like, due to friction between vehicles wheel and road i.e. rough surface heat Energy is produced, we cant make use of is just the wastage of energy that is abundantly available around us. In this project we are just trying to make use of such energy in order to generate an electrical energy. This project will work on the principle of POTENTIAL ENERGY TO ELECTRICAL ENERGY CONVERSION.

Scope, Merits and Uses


Low Budget electricity production Less floor area No obstruction to traffic Easy maintenance Suitable at parking of multiplexes, malls, toll booths, signals, etc. Uses: Charging batteries and using them to light up the streets, etc.

Basic Principle
Simple

energy conversion from Mechanical to Electrical. To generate electricity using the vehicle weight (potential energy) as input Possible using 3 different mechanisms:

Roller mechanism Crank-shaft mechanism Rack- Pinion mechanism

Roller Mechanism
Basic Components

Block diagram
Z.DIODE Tr. NPN
CHARGING CUT OFF RELAY

BATTERY

POT

Z.DIODE

Tr. NPN
CHARGING CUT OFF RELAY

Circuit diagram
K2 D1 1 1N4007 2 6 7 C1 CAP
1

8 1 2 D2 1N4007 R1
1

Battery Charger Input

R1 R R2 POT D3 2 6.2V
3

RELAY DPDT

Charging_Cut_Off_RELAY
Q1 BC547

2 R

R1 R

K2

8 6 7 R1 R R2
1

1 2 D2 RELAY DPDT

Load_Cut_Off_RELAY

1N4007
1

POT D3 2 6.2V
3

R1

2 R

Q1 BC547
3

R1 R

Advantages
Low budget electricity production Less floor area No obstruction to traffic Easy maintenance Suitable at parking of multiplexes, malls, toll booths, signals, etc.

Future scope
Such speed breakers can be designed for heavy vehicles, thus increasing input torque and ultimately output of generating power. More suitable and compact mechanisms to enhance efficiency.

Conclusion
As day by day power consumption increases but electric crisis occur. So the minor needs of electricity such as street lights and traffic signals can be generated from speed breakers. Instead of wasting kinetic energy of vehicles at speed breakers the minor needs can be met but converting kinetic energy to electrical energy.