INP£kIAl 00ll£0£ 0I £N0IN££kIN0

AN0
k£S£Ak0ß, PuN£
$

$

$
0£SI0N 08I£0IIV£S
Goals:
1. L|ghter des|gn.
2. S|mp|e
manufacturah|||t,
and ser.|c|ng.
3. Las, assemh|,.
4. 0.era||
performance of
the .eh|c|e.
0sign Crit0ria:
SrŦ
NoŦ
Cr|ter|on Þr|or|ty
1 8ellablllLy LssenLlal
2 Lase of deslgn LssenLlal
3 Þerformance Plgh
4 ServlceablllLy Plgh
3 ManufacLurablllLy Plgh
6 PealLh and safeLy Plgh
7 LlghL welghL Plgh
8 Lconomlc/Low cosL ueslred
9 Lasy CperaLlon ueslred
10 AesLheLlcally Þleaslng ueslred
k0ll0A0£
-0.tiv0s:
onformance to Adherence to the mater|a|
the SAL standards. and tuhe s|te.
2. we|ght , strength Nater|a| w|th h|gh strength
and safet, of the to we|ght rat|o and safe
frame. des|gn.
3. 3. |earance hetween Lnsur|ng the safet, of the
the dr|.er and the dr|.er.
frame
%:-ing Sp0.ifi.ations f Roll Cag0:
or ma|n frame memhers:
0uter d|ameter - 28mm
Ih|ckness - 3.6mm
at0rial Us0/:
hromo|, stee| (SAL 4140j
Propert|es of hromo|,:-
arhon content - 0.38-0.43
0ens|t, (|h / cu. |n.j - 0.28
Spec|f|c 0ra.|t, - 7.83
Spec|f|c ßeat (8tu/|h/0eg j - 0.114
Ne|t|ng Po|nt (0eg j - 2580
Iherma| onduct|.|t, - 23
Nean oeff Iherma| Lspans|on - 7
Nodu|us of L|ast|c|t, Iens|on - 33
\|e|d Strength(N/mm²j -417.1
SIS
ront |mpact Iest
Lqu|.a|ent stress contours |n N/mm² 0|sp|acements contours |n mm
S|de |mpact Iest
Lqu|.a|ent stress contours |n N/mm² 0|sp|acements contours |n mm
Impac
t
1|me(
sec)
IoS Impact
Iorce(N)
MaxŦ
Stress(
N]mm
2)
1 1Ŧ2 323 11Ŧ478
Ŧ3 1Ŧ3 1968Ŧ73 43Ŧ043
Ŧ23 2 7000 133Ŧ00
Ŧ18 3 7300 164Ŧ02
Impact
1|me(se
c)
IoS Impact
Iorce(N
)
MaxŦ
Stress(
N]mm
2
)
1 2 400 3Ŧ713
Ŧ3 2Ŧ3 1000 21Ŧ788
Ŧ23 3 2400 32Ŧ290
Ŧ18 4 3000 108Ŧ93
8
ront |mpact Iest: S|de |mpact Iest:
Nu0l£ 0£SI0N
Part 0raw|ng Ana|,s|s
SuSP£NSI0N SYSI£N
%p0:
ront - 0ouh|e w|shhone
kear - NacPherson Strut
wh, douh|e w|shhone
and NacPherson strut ?
S:sp0nsion Param0t0rs:
whee| hase - 72 |nches
C
he|ght
(|nŦ)
Scrub
rad|us
(|nŦ)
1rack
w|dth
(|nŦ)
kÞI
(deg)
Camber
ga|n
(deg]|n)
ronL Ŵ0Ŧ43 0Ŧ36 34 4 0Ŧ0039
8ear 3Ŧ0 Ŵ 30 0 0Ŧ011
SI££kIN0
what are steer|ng s,stem
requ|rements?
Steer|ng geometr, se|ected:-
100 ° Ackermann
Param0t0rs of st00ring g0om0tr:
ÞarametŴ
ers
Steer|ng
rat|o
Lxtens|o
n
(mm)
Length
(|nch)
ack
thread
Length
(mm)
Ins|de
whee|
turn|ng
ang|e
(deg)
Cuts|de
whee|
turn|ng
ang|e
(deg)
1urn|ng
rad|us
(m)
Ialue 14ť1 38 13 170 29Ŧ917 21Ŧ898 3Ŧ93
8kA£S
%p0:
0|sc hrakes (for front and rearj
Sp0.ifi.ations of th0 -rak0:
1. 0uter d|ameter of d|sc - 200mm
2. |nner d|ameter of d|sc - 130mm
3. 0|ameter of the ca||per p|ston - 35mm
4. Vent||ated t,pe w|th d|agona| conf|gurat|on.
£N0IN£
Lomhard|n| L0A 340 - 11 hp eng|ne
Nas|mum power: 8.1 kw/11 ßP ® 4000 rpm
Nas|mum torque: 23.5 Nm ® 2600 rpm
Nount|ng of eng|ne :
Lng|ne mounted |n re.erse conf|gurat|on.
IkANSNISSI0N
%p0 :
P|A00|0 APL gearhos
-0.tiv0s :
1.Io transm|t the power
to the whee|s us|ng a
shaft dr|.e.
2.Io ut|||te the |nhu||t
d|fferent|a| of the APL
gearhos.
0r|.e tra|n parameters at 3600rpm
ear ear rat|o Ve|oc|ty
after
reduct|on
(kmph)
1ota|
tract|ve
forceţ 1
(N)
1ota|
tract|ve
res|stanceţ
(N)
1
33Ŧ08 10Ŧ93 2801Ŧ70 1102Ŧ03
2
32Ŧ72 18Ŧ42 1664Ŧ31 1138Ŧ01
3
19Ŧ93 30Ŧ21 1014Ŧ74 1209Ŧ36
4
13Ŧ40 43 681Ŧ63 1324Ŧ31
8everse
31Ŧ48 19Ŧ13 1601Ŧ26 1141Ŧ83
ߣ£lS AN0 IYk£S
Stee| whee|s:
0|ameter - 12 |nches
Sp0.ifi.ation of tr0s:
Nake:- Iraster
Iread:- 8ajatras
S|te:- 25 X 10 - 12 |nches
800Y AN0
£l£0IkI0AlS
8od, we|ght (kerhj - 275 kg (targetj
Iota| we|ght d|str|hut|on - 60° - rear
40° - front
8atter, pos|t|on - rear
K||| sw|tch - 01-171 - Sk|-0oo K||| Sw|tch
Nount|ng - Nach|ned h|ock to restra|n the
sw|tch.
£k00N0NI0S
Najor ergonom|c .a|ues are:
Nas steer|ng force - 200 N
W Nas force on hrake peda| - 300 N
Þarameter Lst|mated va|ue
Angle aL knees 123 deg
Angle aL elbows 123 deg
Angle of splne 13 deg
ulameLer of sLeerlng wheel 343 mm
Angle of sLeerlng wheel 18 deg
SAI£IY
Ihe comp|ete des|gn has heen made h, cons|der|ng a|| the
safet, aspects.
Najor features are:-
1. w|de s|de space.
2. 0r|.ers seat and the eng|ne are we|| separated and sh|e|ded.
3. our strap s,stem w|th huck|e mechan|sm.
INN0VAII0N
%h0m0:
Io |ncrease the eff|c|enc, of the eng|ne.
asi. I/0a:
|ntroduce a .entur| |n the eshaust to |ncrease
sca.eng|ng process.
use of cata|,t|c con.erter |n the eshaust.
ata|,t|c con.erter to he p|aced |mmed|ate|, after the .entur|.
1 8 ß 8 k f 0 0

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