INVESTIGATING THE LIVING THINGS YEAR 5

Cannot be seen grow breathe Life process move Fertiliser tapai bread tempe flu Aids Stomach upset Cough Type Measles Conjunctivitis Use of Diseases MICROORGANISMS Is a living thing bacteria size fungi

yeast type protozoa virus illness Harmfu l effects Food to turn bad Food poisoning Tooth decay

Ways to prevent diseases Covering wound Washing hand

Boil the drinking water

Ways to prevent diseases caused by microorganisms

Washing hands before handling food

Washing hands after using the toilet

Boiling water before drinking

Putting patients who have chicken pox, conjunctivitis or mumps into quarantine

Covering mouth and nose when coughing or sneezing

Covering wounds

WHY IMPORTANT???

SURVIVAL OF THE SPECIES

ANIMALS

PLANTS

Shortage of Food resources

Extinction

important

disperse by

WATER FEED THEIR YOUNG ATTACK TO PROTECT THEIR EGGS AND YOUNG LAY SLIMY EGGS HIDE THEIR EGGS STAY IN HERDS CARRY THEIR YOUNG IN THEIR POUCHES KEEP THEIR YOUNG IN THEIR MOUTH

WIND

ANIMALS

EXPLOSIVE MECHANISME

characteristics
• light • have air space

characteristics
• light • have winglike structure • dry • have fine hair • small

characteristics
• fleshy • brightly coloured • edible • have smell • have hook

characteristics
• dry when ripe

Balsam, rubber

Coconut, pongpong

Lalang, angsana,

Mangoes, guava

Tadpole

Fish

Beaver

Weed

Small Fish

Big Fish

Grasshopper

Frog Grass (Produces) Caterpillar

Eagle

Bird

Snake

The importance of survival
• To prevent extinction. • Balance our ecosystem. • To maintain food resources.

ANIMALS

Stay in herds

HOW THEY TAKE CARE OF THEIR YOUNG AND EGGS

Keep in their mouth

Carry their young Hide their eggs Lay slimy eggs Attack the enemies

Feed their young

PLANTS

Dispersal seeds and fruits

Water • Light • Air Space

Wind • Light • Fine hairs • Wing • Small

Explosive mechanism • Dry when ripe

Animal • Flashy • Brightly colour • Edible • Have smells • Have hook

WATER

WIND

ANIMALS

WATERMELON

EXPLOSIVE MECHANISM

INVESTIGATING FORCE AND ENERGY YEAR 5

 glass  transparency sheet  plastic

Transparent material

Translucent material

OBJECT

 tissue paper  plastic  window pane  tracing paper

Opaque material
 paper  towel  handkerchief box

The effective way to keep things hot and cold

COLD
•Keeps into the polystyrene •Keeps into the ice box •Keeps into the plastic bag •Place the ice cube in the ground

HOT
•Covered by clothes •Covered by towel •Covered by tissue •Covered by newspaper •Covered by cotton wool •Put inside the saw dust

Plastic bag

The ways to keep things cold

polystyrene

Cardboard boxes Ice boxes Coconut husk Saw dust newspaper

The ways to keep things hot
clothes

Investigating Force and Energy
Expand s
Temperature Increase

Temperature Decrease

Cooler Warmer

Heated

Heat

Gains Heat

Loses Heat

4.2 Effect on matter

4.1 Temperature is an indicator of degree of hotness Measure Unit

Cooled

Contract s

Correct technique

Metric

1.2 chemical

light

heat Various formed of energy

solar electrical

ENERGY CAN BE TRANSFORMED Battery powered electrical energy light energy calculator Electrical bulb electrical energy light energy light

Transformation of energy

chemical energy solar powered electrical energy

candle heat energy + light energy

solar energy

light energy

solar wind

bio-mass

Natural gas

coal petroleum

RENEWABLE ENERGY
( can be replenished when used up )

NON-RENEWABLE ENERGY
( cannot be replenished when used up )

RENEWABLE AND NONRENEWABLE ENERGY

WHY USE IT WISELY Save cost Avoid wastage Reduce pollution Some cannot be replenished

PRACTISE SAVING ENERGY

poster

debate

Carry out activities

Periscope Examples Side mirror of a car Can be Reflected Travels In Straight Line Shining surfaces Examples Light

If blocked

PROPERTIES

Increases size when distance between an object and its light source decreases Decreases when distance between an object and its light source increases

Eclipes Phases of the Moon Design a fair test

Shadow’s shape changes when the position of the light source changes

Dynamo

Solar cell Safety precautions

Sources

2. ELECTRICITY

Dry cell
Electric shock

Danger mishandling
Burn

Accumulator
Electrocution Fire

INVESTIGATING MATERIALS YEAR 5

Investigating Materials
1.1 States of matter

Solid Liquid Properties Gas

Properties

Properties

Some liquid flow faster than others

• • •

Has mass Has fixed volume Has fixed shape

• • •

Has mass Has fixed volume Has no permanent shape but takes the shape of its containers

• • • • •

Has mass Has no fixed volume Has no fixed shape but take the shape of its containers Occupies space Can be compressed

glasses
material
metal Hard Strong glass

propertie s

transparent

Reason: Use a metal and a glass to make a pair of glasses because a metal is hard and strong when a glass properties is transparent.

•air •Water

•Coat with gold •wrap with plastic •Oil it •Grease it •Paint it Prevent from rusting

Factor

RUS T
Rusty
•Iron nails •Copper coins •Iron paper clip •Iron nail clipper •Iron pin •Iron needle

Non-Rusty
•Book •Paper •Plastic •Clothes •Wood •Polystyrene

Investigating Materials
1.2 Matter can change form one state to another

Water

state

Processes

Factors that affect the rate of evaporating

Can change

• Solid • Liquid • Gas

• • • • •

Melting Boiling Evaporation Condensation Freezing

• •

Hot weather windy

Matter exist -Solid -Liquid -Gas

Importance of water resources

STATES OF MATTER

Water cycle Matter can change from one state to another

Paper clip Solid Has fixed volume Has fixed shape stone

Carbon dioxide

oxygen

Gas Has no fixed shape Occupies space No fixed volume Can be compressed

ruler

MATTER EXIST

shampoo Liquid Has fixed volume No permanent shape Takes the shape of its container Some liquid flow faster than others

water

Cooking oil

 Process of melting  Boiling Condensation

Hot weather

windy

MATTER CAN CHANGE FROM ONE STATE TO ANOTHER

Factor that affect the rate Of evaporation of water

Water can exist in any of the three state Of matter

Surface area

solid

liquid

gas

The importance of water cycle

Clouds are formed

WATER CYCLE

Water circulated in the environment

Rain is formed

The way to keep our water resources clean

IMPORTANCE OF WATER RESOURCES

Need to keep our water resources clean

Materials / objects

Solid • Rulers •Beakers •Computers •Books

Liquid • Water • Oil • Fruit juices • Milk

Gas • Air • Smoke • Steam

Properties Has mass  Fix volume  No fix shape ( takes the shape of its container)  Occupies space  Can flow when poured Has mass  No fix volume  No fix shape( takes the shape of its container)  Occupies space  Can be compressed  Can flow when poured

Has mass  Fix volume  Fix shape  Occupies space

INVESTIGATING THE EARTH AND THE UNIVERSE YEAR 5

INVESTIGATING THE EARTH AND THE UNIVERSE

2.The Earth ,The Moon and The Sun

2.1 Movement

2.2 Occurrence of day and night Position of the Sun and the Earth.

Rotation on their axis: West to east Earth Moon

Movement: Moon moving aroung earth Earth moving aroung the sun Moon and Earth moving aroung the sun together

Length and position of the shadow. Morning Longer to the west Noon Evening

Day time Facing the sun shortert Longer to the east

Night time Facing away from the sun

Theme : Investigating The Earth and The Universe
Learning Area : Constellation
LEARNING OBJECTIVES 1.1 Understanding the constellation Constellation

What constellation is A group of stars that form certain patterns in the sky

Identify constellations • Orion • Scorpion • Big Dipper • Southern Cross

The importance of constellations • Show directions • Indicate time to carry out certain activities.

Theme : Investigating The Earth and The Universe
Learning Area : The Earth, The Moon and The Sun
LEARNING OBJECTIVES 2.3 Understanding the phases of the Moon

The Moon

The Moon does not emit light The Moon appears bright when it reflects sunlight

The phases of The Moon
Half moon

New Moon

Crescent

Full Moon

Moves round the sun

Rotates on its axis – One full rotation is 24 hours

Complete its movement round the sun in 365¼ days

WEST

EARTH
Rotates from west to east

EAST

Moves round the earth Rotates from west to east on its axis One complete movement round the earth takes 27 1/3 days

MOON

EARTH FACING AWAY FROM THE SUN

EARTH FACES THE SUN

DUE TO ROTATION OF EARTH ON ITS AXIS

Night

Day

Day and Night

Light Understanding occurrence of Day and Night

SUN

GHT DAY

Light

INVESTIGATING TECHNOLOGY YEAR 5

cuboid

cone

sphere

hemisphere

Shapes
cube pyramid

KLCC twin tower

School building

cylinder

house

mosque

Shapes in structure objects
book pencil eraser

stability
base area height

Shapes of object in structures

Cube

Cyclinder

Cuboid Pyramid

Sphere hemisphere Cone

Structure

Strenght

Stability

Type of material used

Base area

How the structure is placed

Height