# INVESTIGATING THE LIVING THINGS YEAR 6

1.1 Understanding that some animals live in groups and others live in solitary
ANIMALS SOLITARY Eg: turtles, eagles

GROUPS Eg: lions, elephants, ants

Reasons

Reasons

Avoid competition -Food - space safety cooperation

food

Interaction among animals

competition

1.2 Understanding that competition is a form of interaction among living things ANIMALS INTERACTION AMONG LIVING THINGS PLANTS

Cooperation - living together
factors

competition competition
reasons
factors reasons

- Food - Water - Mate - shelter -Territory (space)

- limited food and water - mate for breeding - defending shelter - Defending territory

- Sunlight - Water - Nutrient - Space

LIMITED
-sunlight -water - space - nutrient

INVESTIGATING FORCE AND ENERGY YEAR 6

Force and Energy
1.1.1 State push and pull are forces 1.2.1 Force can move a stationary object

1.1 Understanding that push and pull are forces

FORCE

1.2 Understanding the effects of a force

1.1.2 State that force cannot be seen but its effects can be observed

1.2.2 Force can change the motion of an object 1.2.3 Force can change the shape of an object

1. Definition
2. Effects 3. Ways to reduce/increase

FRICTION

5. Design a fair test

FRICTION definition Is a type of force (slows down a moving object)
Effects Causes wear and tear
Ways

Produce heat

Opposes motion

reduce

increase

Handlings objects

Wear and tear Heat

Movements
Sharpening knives Lighting matches

Slow down movements

Designing a fair test

INVESTIGATING FORCE AND ENERGY
FORCE

1. State that friction is a type of force 2. Describe the effects of friction 3. Describe ways to reduce friction

1.3 Analysing friction

4. Describe ways to increase friction 5. State the advantages of friction 6. State the disadvantages of friction 7. Conclude that friction occurs when two surfaces are in contact

8. Design a fair test to find out how different types of surfaces affect the distance a trolley moves (variables)

A measurement of how fast an object moves

Speed = Distance / Time (Unit of speed : m/s, km/h)

State what SPEED is Problem solving

Understandin g Speed

Which object moves faster? An object which moves faster travels a longer distance in a given time An object that moves faster takes a shorter time to travel a given distance

INVESTIGATING MATERIAL YEAR 6

THEME: INVESTIGATING MATERIAL

FOOD SPOILAGE
what -Food cannot be eaten -Food unsafe to eat

importants FOOD PRESERVATION

Identify
Food spoilt Characteristic -unpleasant smell --unpleasant taste --changed colour --changed texture --mouldy Reason Why -The food will last longer -The food is easy to store -To reduce wastage of food -Slow down the growth of microorganisms. -Retain freshness

microorganism can spoil food

State the condition for microorganisms to grow

-Air -Water -Nutrient -Suitable temperature -Suitable acidity

Smoking •Fish •Banana

Waxing •Fruits

Drying •Fish •prawn

Boiling •Curry Cooling •Fruits •vegetables

Salting •Egg •Fish

Food Preservation

Vacuum packing •Potato •Peanuts

Pasteurising •Milk Bottling Or Canning •Fruits Freezing •Meat •Fish

Pickling •Fruits •Vegetables

Factories, food stalls, market, residential

Disposal
Ways proper Compost, recycle, Incinerator, reuse improper Throwing into the river, open burning, littering, burying

Organic waste
Decay

Sources 2.1 Waste Management Effects of improper disposal of waste on the environment

Types Non decay

How

Disposal in a local area
Improve Ways

Town - collection of waste in alternate days Village -Throwing into the river, open burning, littering,bury

Daily collection of waste

Harmful effects Air pollution, water pollution, sickness, diseases, acid rain, flash-flood

Give examples

Organic Waste Plastic

State

waste that do not decay

Glass Materials Chemical waste

LO. 2.2 Understanding that Some waste can decay

Microorganisms can cause waste materials to decay.

Disadvantages of waste decaying. Predict what will happen to human and the environment if waste do not decay.

INVESTIGATING THE EARTH AND THE UNIVERSE YEAR 6

ECLIPSE what MOON ECLIPSE How Position of earth ,sun and moon and moon Draw Partial and total eclipse Why it occurs? evolution , simulation

SUN ECLIPSE

Predict the scenario of the Earth during the eclipse of the sun

INVESTIGATING THE IMPORTANT OF TECHNOLOGY YEAR 6

MACHINE 1.1

UNDERSTANDING SIMPLE MACHINE what
DEFINE SIMPLE MACHINE

1.2 ANALYSING A COMPLEX MACHINE Identify

1.3 APPRECIACING THE INVENSION OF MACHINES THAT MAKE LIFE EASIER

SIMPLE MACHINES IN A COMPLEX MACHINE Observing a bicycle

Predict

MACHINE

SIMPLE MACHINE
device that allows us to use less force to make work easier or faster

COMPLEX MACHINE

conclusion

APPRECIACING THE INVENSION OF MACHINES THAT MAKE LIFE EASIER
Predict

• • • • • • •

Types WHEEL AND AXLE LEVER WEDGE PULLEY GEAR INCLINED PLANE SCREW

A COMPLEX MACHINE IS MADE UP OF MORE THAN ONE SIMPLE MACHINE
EXAMPLES

HOW LIFE IS WITHOUT MACHINES EXPLAIN HOW

Wheel barrow
Tin opener Bicycle

MACHINES CAN MAKE OUR LIVES EASIER