METHODS OF TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT

Methods of Training

COGNITIVE METHODS
BEHAVIORAL METHODS

FOCUSES. etc. written or verbal information.CONTD…  COGNITIVE METHODS Cognitive methods are more of giving theoretical training to the trainees. demonstrate relationships among concepts. The various methods under Cognitive approach provide the rules for how to do something. .changes in knowledge and attitude by learning.

Methods that come under Cognitive approach   LECTURES DEMONSTRATIONS DISCUSSIONS COMPUTER BASED TRAINING (CBT)   .

LECTURES  This method is used to create understanding of a topic or to influence behavior.  Lecture is given to enhance the knowledge of listener or to give him the theoretical aspect of a topic. . attitudes through lecture.  A lecture can be in printed or oral form.

CONTD……. There are some variations in Lecture method.   . The variation here means that some forms of lectures are interactive while some are not.  It is difficult to imagine training without lecture format..

Helps the focusing their attention on critical aspects of the task  . Example.Demonstration  This method is a visual display of how something works or how to do something. trainer shows the trainees how to perform or how to do the tasks of the job.

or expanded on through interactions both among the trainees and between the trainer and the trainees. Discussion method is a two-way flow of communication knowledge in the form of lecture is communicated to trainees   Then understanding is conveyed back by trainees to trainer.Discussion method  This method uses a lecturer to provide the learners with context that is supported. . explains. elaborated.

Cbt training  Providing training to employees through Intranet or Internet. .  CBT does not require face-to-face interaction with a human trainer.

BENEFITS OF CBT .

BEHAVIORAL METHODS  Behavioral methods are more of giving practical training to the trainees The various methods in this allows the trainee to behavior in a real fashion These methods are best used for skill development.   .

Methods that come under Behavioural approach .

It is about imitating or making judgment or opining how events might occur in a real situation.GAMES AND SIMULTATIONS    Game is defined as spirited activity or exercise in which trainees compete with each other according to the defined set of rules. . Simulation is creating computer versions of real-life games.

relationships. plans. trainees are given some information that describes a particular situation and are then asked to make decisions that will best suit in the favour of the company. principles derived from the research.Business games  These are based on the set of rules.  . procedures. In business games.

Information is given to Trainees related to:       description of the role concerns objectives responsibilities emotions. etc.Role plays  Role play is a simulation in which each participant is given a role to play. .

a general description of the situation. is given.  Managing conflict between two parties  Scheduling vacation days.  . and the problem that each one of them faces.example.Contd… Then.  Situation could be strike in factory. etc.

general context about the role. The trainee is then given the log of materials that make up the in-basket and asked to respond to materials within a particular time period. a discussion with the trainer takes place. responsibilities. After all the trainees complete in-basket.In basket techniques  In this technique. description.   . trainee is given some information about the role to be played such as.

Equipment simulators can be used in giving training to:  Taxi Drivers Telephone Operators Maintenance Workers Product Development Engineers Airline Pilots     .

CASE STUDY  The trainee is given with some written material. and the some complex situations of a real or imaginary organization. .

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