MAXIMUM POWER POINT TRACKER BASED CHARGED CONTROLLER

Presented By Muhammad Ali Aziz- IS/22555/Aut/M-08 Project Supervisor:
Asad Jamal External Supervisor Huq Bob (Project director NIE)

Outline of Presentation


       

Overview Deliverable Literature Review Methodology Implementation Tools Working Model Implementation Phases Results & Discussion Proposed Future Work and conclusion References

Contents  Solar Panel Charge Controller and Battery Inverter AC Load    .

  .Overview  To identify how to get the maximum power out of a solar panel. To determine the maximum level at which battery will charged by using maximum power point tracker. To increase the efficiency of solar system and absorb maximum power to the PV array.

.Projected By  Pakistan Engineering Council Project.

Sponsored By  National Institute of Electronics (NIE) .

What is MPPT?  Solar arrays have a power curve with a maximum power point and the device that sets this point is called a Maximum Power Point Tracker .

Working Model .

  . Fix the voltage at which PV module give the maximum power. Compare O/P of PV module with battery voltage.MPPT Working……  MPPT checks output of PV module.

The charge controller looks at the output of the panels. ..What is maximum power point tracking?   Maximum Power Point Tracking is electronic tracking system – not mechanical system. and compares it to the battery voltage.

. . It takes this and converts it to best voltage to get maximum AMPS into the battery..  The best power that the panel can put out to charge the battery.Cont .

MPPT solar charge controller allows users to use PV module with a higher voltage output than operating voltage of battery system.  .Solar Charge Controller  MPPT solar charge controller is used to correct for detecting the variations in the current-voltage characteristics of solar cell and shown by I-V curve.  It forces PV module to operate at voltage close to maximum power point to draw maximum available power.

8 amps at 12 volts.6 volts at 7. A MPPT takes that 17.How Maximum Power Point Tracking works  Assume your battery is low. . Now you still have almost 130 watts.4 amps and converts it down. at 12 volts. so that what the battery gets is now 10.

.

Amp-hours remain the same Parallel: Volts remain the same and the Amp-hours increase! .Series: Volts increase.

. at how many amp-hours your need.Cont… This allows you to configure how many volts.

much better at maintaining battery life than PWM controllers. and more costly! .MPPT vs PWM Controllers MPPT is much.

PV module works better at cold temperatures and MPPT is utilized to extract maximum power available for them. . cloudy or hazy days: Normally.  When battery is deeply discharged: MPPT can extract more current and charge the battery if the state of charge in the battery is lowers.Ideal Conditions for MPPT  Cold weather.

Adv of Solar Charge Controller  Reduces complexity of system Output of system is high efficiency   PV output power is used to control DC-DC converter directly.  . wind-power turbines. etc. MPPT solar charge controller can be applied to other renewable energy sources such as small water turbines.

Increase Battery Charge Acceptance. The output of PV array is DC source then we convert it in to AC.Deliverables  Hardware will have Ability to Recover Lost Battery Capacity. An LCD continuously displays the percentage of duty cycle and battery charge level.   .

. Solar panels introduction http://poweredbysolarpanels. Senior Technical Marketing Engineer. current control and switching logic (PDF 125p). Shanghai. Fairchild Semiconductor. Introduction to Power Electronics. Prentice Hall.com/chargecontrollers. China.freesunpower.org MPPT charge controller. Daniel W. Hart.php . Inverter Design Shines in Photovoltaic Systems By Eric Zhang. Basic Tutorials: Charge Controllers for Solar Energy Systems http://www.J.Literature Review       Wikipedia. N.com/. Upper Saddle River.

Methodology  MPPT (Maximum Power Point Tracker )TECHNIQUE MPPT (Maximum Power Point Tracker ) is a latest technology to get maximum power on PV (photo voltic) array. Pulse Width Modulation is a modulation technique in which variable width pulses are generated to represent the amplitude of an analog input signal .

Block diagram .

MPPT BLOCK DIAGRAM .

Implementation Tools  MPPT charge controller PIC18F4520 OS Platform = Windows   .

Implementation Phases    Phase1 Phase2 Theoretical Analysis Maximum power point tracker Design      PIC Architecture & C Programming PWM Algorithm & Battery Charging Control Components Purchasing & Hardware Designing OR-CAD & PCB Designing .

Prentice Hall.References      MPPT charge controller. Introduction to Power Electronics. Basic Tutorials: Charge Controllers for Solar Energy Systems http://www. Inverter Design Shines in Photovoltaic Systems By Eric Zhang.freesunpower. Fairchild Semiconductor.com/chargecontrollers.. N.J. Shanghai.com/. Hart. China.ph p . Upper Saddle River. current control and switching logic (PDF 125p). Daniel W. Senior Technical Marketing Engineer. Solar panels introduction http://poweredbysolarpanels.

.4476965# 76.5..3.6979:5.6.5.61636 ##' .05850 ...0 .73::.9.1 6.6 63.029 :. ..65.65:.3657.1. 613.473.'9.959.99..:..3 .4.44#69#65.44#69#65.  #3:1.029 '!$ ##' .4613.05636.'9.:5./31.

36021.4 .9.

##'" % .

.47345.96339 # "&#3.65'663: ##'0.694516: ...9065.

.9.9 #969.: '69.65#.0..4 .91.029:5 #.0.:5 ..44769765.: #90..:#90.9.3:: .47345.:: #.9565.9:55 "%.445 # 369.963 647655..35.

 #:55 .

5.9065.9065.9650:  #95. 5.959 &:.97.%950: ##'0.69 &..9610. .0.96339 0995.9.4: .96339:69&63.0&:.51 :.3:.69.65 ..663.065.65.113%9 !  59.3 .5559  .:0'.77691/:63.9:5&5:5#6.9610.963.05360 #7 .97.33 779&.53: 064 .53:5.4: 90.92.7 9:5769 0640.6#6930.9031&406510.5 &569'050.53 5.965.96339: 7 7 . &63..