Intel vs AMD

By Carrie Pipkin: Introduction and History
Ramiro Bolanos : Intel and VIA chipsets Dan Hepp: VIA and AMD chipsets, Conclusion

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Part 1: Comparative History

Generally Intel has been the dominant producer of microprocessor chips AMD has proven to be a fierce competitor Competition stimulated the industry by producing new and innovative microprocessors In the mid nineties Intel begins to face 2 true competition

Comparative History – 80286 chip

 

1980’s-Intel was the only true producer of marketable computer chips 1982-introduce 80286 286 was able to run software of its prior microprocessor

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Comparative History – 80286 chip  Within 6 years. 15 million 286’s are installed around the world Intel contracts third party companies to produce 286’s and variants AMD was one of these third party companies    AMD became very efficient and capable of being its own producer of microprocessors 4 .

Intel releases its 32-bit 386 microprocessor. Faster and capable of multitasking AMD. produces 386 chips allowing Intel to meet market demands 5 . under licensed production.Comparative History – 386 chip    1985.

the courts sided with AMD. 1987-AMD began legal arbitration over rights to produce their own chips. After 5 years of battle. AMD decides to produce its own CPU. 6 .Comparative History – 386 chip    During the reign of the 386.

Allowed point and clicking Initially twice as fast as its predecessor. 7 . Intel continued to upgrade to speeds reaching 66MHz.Comparative History -486 chip     1989-Intel releases its 486DX.

AMD sold one million units 8 .Comparative History -Am386 chip     1991-AMD released Am386 Intel’s 486 released two years prior AMD believed there still existed a market By October.

Comparative History -Am486 chip    1993-AMD releases first competing chip: Am486 1994-AMD improves chip with Am486DX Am486DX processes up to 100MHz 9 .

Comparative History -Pentium    1993. Intel realizes it cannot trademark numbers “x86.” This allows AMD the ability to essentially clone Intel’s chips Intel’s solution: dubs its new chip the Pentium instead of releasing it as the “586” .

and photographic images.Comparative History -Pentium  Handles and processes more media types such as speech. sound . Intel truly dominated    . It became well entrenched in the market During this time. It Offered multiple processing speeds up to 200MHz.

AMD’s first attempt to compete with the Pentium by introducing Am5x86 It was really for those who wanted to upgrade their 486 motherboards without making a jump to the Pentium motherboard AMD did not fare well with this chip .Comparative History -Am5x86    1995.

Comparative History -AMD K5    1996-K5 introduced First chip comparable to the Pentium Could be placed in the same motherboard as the Pentium. making it compatible Because it was released 3 years after the Pentium. it was met with cool reception  .

Comparative History -Pentium Pro    In the previous year. Intel released the Pentium Pro Able to handle more instructions per clock cycle Intel’s ability to get a new chip on the market before AMD has had the effect of overshadowing any of AMD’s microprocessors .

they slap on Intel’s MMX code making it compatible with Pentiums.Comparative History -AMD K6    1996-AMD purchases the company NexGen who were making a microprocessor of their own AMD uses their core 686 processor to develop the AMD K6 Additionally. .

Comparative History -AMD K6  K6 was released in 1997 and reached speeds of 166Mhz to 200Mhz  K6 was significantly cheaper than the Pentium K6 was able to move up to speeds as high as 300MHz. out performing the Pentiums Intel was ready for the challenge   .

audio. ready to handle video. the Pentium began to climb in processing speeds up to 450 MHz. sending media via the Internet. and graphics data Better capable of handling video editing. Intel unveils the Pentium II It was equipped with MMX instructions. and reprocessing music   By 1998. .Comparative History -Pentium II   Later than year.

in 1998. although it was an inferior chip In response.Comparative History -The Celeron    K6 was doing well as a cost effective alternative to the Pentium II. Intel introduced its own cheaper and inferiror microprocessor: the Celeron It was a stripped down version of the Pentium II .

and graphic intensive programs AMD then releases K6-3 and proves to be a threat to Intel  .Comparative History -AMD’s K6-2  AMD fights back with an enhanced K6 to take on the Pentium II: the K6-2 Their K6 chip included what they called “3DNow”  technology  3DNow is an additional twenty-two instructions to better handle audio. video.

video. improving its ability to process advanced imaging. streaming audio. & speech recognition programs One goal of the Pentium III was to enhance the Internet experience .Comparative History -Pentium III    1999-Intel responds by coming out with the Pentium III It had an additional 70 instructions.

Comparative History -the Athlon    The Athlon was a new chip from the ground up It was capable of doing everything the Pentium III could do. but was much cheaper The Athlon was beating out the Pentium III .

Intel fights for low-end market by  introducing the Celeron II   It ranges in speed between 500 and 1100MHz. making it competitive  . It was a stripped down processor with enhanced speed It was fairly cheap. Intel decides to launch a two pronged attack against AMD First.Comparative History -Celeron II  In 2000.

initially starting at 1. Execution Trace Cache and a 400 MHz system bus  Its major improvement was increased speed. Rapid Execution Engine.5Ghz with ability for expansion Today it’s reaching upwards to a remarkable 3GHz  .Comparative History -Pentium IV   Intel also introduces the Pentium IV It uses four main new technologies: Hyper Pipelined Technology.

Comparative History -Pentium IV     The Pentium IV can now produce high quality video stream radio and TV quality information across the internet Render upscale graphics in real-time Perform several applications simultaneously while connected to the Internet .

Intel is once again dominating the market AMD’s response to the Celeron II was the Duron. but edges out the Celeron .Comparative History -the Duron    As result of Intel’s attack on AMD. released the same year (2000) It is a geared down version of the Athlon.

AMD enhanced the Athlon by coming out with the XP series. Test show that an Athlon XP running 1. but now is destined for the graveyard  In response to the Pentium IV. but is fading away   under the onslaught of the heavy performance of the Pentium IV .4GHz performs nearly as well as a Pentium of 2Ghz The Athlon XP is a quality chip.Comparative History -Athlon XP  The Athlon chip was destroying the Pentium III.

Comparative History -the ClawHammer    Intel now holds edge over AMD in chip technology Rumored that AMD is developing a powerhouse chip called the ClawHammer It is apparently in a testing stage .

Chipsets    Our goal has been to understand the history and details of the competition and their processors between Intel and Amd Also of importance are Chipsets Knowing some information on chipsets helps determine an appropriate opinion on Intel & AMD .

VIA. who makes chipsets for both. sold as one unit. . designed to perform one or more related functions We are focused on chipsets that provide functionality for the CPU We compared chipsets from both AMD and Intel as well as an outside manufacturer.Chipsets    A chipset is a group of integrated circuits.

.Chipset   Most advanced chipset for the AMD CPU Consists of the VT8235 Southbridge and the VT8377 Northbridge.

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Main Features of KT400     Front Side Bus (FSB) up to 333Mhz Support for PC 3200 DDR Ram memory @ 400 Mhz North-South Bridge Link @ 533 Mhz 5 available PCI slots .

KT400 VT8377 Features    Lightening fast memory access: 2.7 Gb/s AGP @ 8X offers 2.1 Gb/s dedicated speed to 3D graphics Fast 333 Mhz FSB .

KT400 VT8235 Features     533 Mhz 8X V-link interface between North and South bridge USB 2.0 ATA133 6 Channel Audio .

Few Popular Motherboards using the KT400      Gigabyte 7VAXP Abit AT7 MAX2 ASUS A7V8X MSI KT4 Ultra Soyo KT400 Ultra Dragon .

Pentium Using Soyo’s KT400 Ultra Dragon Motherboard .Performance Measurements AMD (using KT400) vs.

Higher number better .

Higher number better .

Higher number better .

AMD 760 MPX Chipset (Dual Processor)  Consists of the AMD-762 system controller (northbridge) and the AMD-768 peripheral bus controller (southbridge). .

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Main features of AMD 760MPX     Front Side Bus (FSB) up to 266 Mhz per processor (533Mhz) Support for PC 2100 DDR Ram memory @ 266 Mhz North-South Bridge Link @ 66 Mhz Up to 7 available PCI slots .

Features of AMD 760MPX 762 System Controller  Two 266 MHz point-to-point AMD system buses  PC 2100 DDR Ram memory @ 266 Mhz  AGP 4X video card support .

Secondary 33MHz/32-bit PCI bus interface. including PCI bus arbiter with support for up to eight external devices UDMA 33/66/100 compatible EIDE bus master controller SMBus controller with one SMBus port .Features of AMD 760MPX 768 Peripheral Bus Controller    Host PCI bus utilizing a 66MHz/64-bit interface.

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Advantages of the AIPC and the SMBus Bus    Through the AIPC bus. the Processors have direct access to the south bridge Through the SMBus. the memory has the direct access to the south bridge Disadvantage of direct access can be potential data conflict .

The 860 Chipset .

Structure  Designed for Xeon Processor 2 Main Chips MCH Memory Controller Hub    Controls the high speed bus  ICH2 I/O controller Hub  Controls the peripheral devices .

Over view of 860 chipset .

High Speed Bus  Memory 64 Bit PCI connection   Graphics Accelerators .

Memory Configuration    RDRAM Up to 64 devices supported by the Paired mode Single Channel-pair Mode  Utilizes memory modules ( 4 Gigabytes) Utilizes MRH-R to control the expanded capabilities ( 16 Gigabytes of RAM)  Multiple Channel.pair mode  .

Block Diagram .

PCI device High data transfer rate High Speed A pair are bundled in the chipset    .64 bit PCI Support  400 MHz connection to the P64H chip  Allows for a fast connection to a high speed.

Graphics Accelerator

MCH connects to AGP 4X

Connection speed of 1 GB/s High performance Accelerators supported

Does not Support 8X Accelerators

ICH2 Peripherals Bus

 

32 Bit PCI Bus LAN Controller I/O module

Keyboard, Mouse, Floppy disk drive, etc

 

ATA / 100 (IDE standard for Hard Drive) 4 USB Ports

Features and Benefits
Feature Supports two Intel Xeon Processors with 512 KB L2 chacke for dual-processing server platforms 400 MHz System Bus Capability Intel Hub Architecture with option P64H Balances the system bus band withd with the memory Dual 64-bit 66 MHz I/O segments for fast drive access and high speed networks 1 GB/s of Graphics bandwidth allows high performance Graphics Extends RDRAM memory capacities and increases System scalability Maximum memory performance(3.2 GB/s or 400MHz) System concurrency so that simultaneous process do not impact system performance Enhanced plug and play with four full band width USB ports Benefit NetBurst Microarchitecture and hyper-Threading teconlogy

AGP 4X

MRH-R (RDRAM Based repeater Hub) Dual RDRAM channels Prefetch Cache

Dual USB Controllers

Note source (Intel 860 Chipset)

Overview 860 chipset  Highly Structured Powered by up to 7 chips   High performance .

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Apollo Chipset  Designed for the Pentium 4 processor 3 Segments in the Bus North Bridge High speed bus South Bridge peripheral devices    .

Block Diagram .

North Bridge  System Bus  400 MHz  Main memory  Connection at 266 MHz  Bottleneck Accelerated Graphics Controller AGP   4X AGP support .

0 Standard) IDE (ATA 33 / 66 / 100 )  Hard Drive   LAN controller VT6103 .South Bridge  Controls 32 bit PCI Bus (33 MHz) Supports up to 6 USB devices   (2.

South Bridge (cont’d)  Several chips available    VT8233 VT8233C VT8233A  Each with a unique function Price drops  .

Features  Supports Intel Pentium 4 Processor 400MHz (Quad 100) FSB setting AGP4X graphics Supports DDR200/266 SDRAM as well as PC100/133 SDRAM Ultra fast 266MB per second V-Link between North and South Bridge     .

UHCI compliant Advanced power management capabilities Note Source: (Via P4X266)    . AC'97 and MC'97 Audio/Modem Features (cont’d)   Integrated 3Com 10/100Mb Ethernet Media Access Controller Support for 2 ATA 33/66/100 interfaces 6 USB ports.

modem integrated  4 GB of Ram Promises to utilize Intel’s Quad bus technology Price conscientious pumping   .Overview  Highly structured Unique features   LAN. sound.

Professional Opinion      After serious consideration to: Chip performance Reliability Some research $50 from Intel’s PR We conclude that the  860 chipset is the best chipset within this Presentation .

Thank You .

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