# HEAT TRANSFER MECHANISM

1. CONDUCTION

Q=

T k.A. x

(W)

Rcond =

x k.A

( C/W)

o

HEAT TRANSFER MECHANISM
2. CONVECTION

Q = h.A(Ts - T)
Rconv =
1 h. A

(W)
o

( C/W)

HEAT TRANSFER MECHANISM

Q = As T

4 s

(W)

CONDUCTION

CONDUCTION

CONDUCTION (SOLUTION) The roof of an electrically heated home is 6 m long. 8 m wide.8 W/m.25 m thick. and 0. . Determine the rate of heat loss through the roof that night. The temperatures of the inner and the outer surfaces of the roof one night are measured to be 15°C and 4°C.°C. respectively. and is made of a flat layer of concrete whose thermal conductivity is k = 0.

Q = h A (Ts – T) .CONVECTION.

Heat is generated in the wire as a result of resistance heating.3-cm-diameter electrical wire extends across a room at 15°C. 1–33. respectively. Disregarding any heat transfer by radiation. as shown in Fig.CONVECTION (EXAMPLE) A 2-m-long. Also.5 A. the voltage drop and electric current through the wire are measured to be 60 V and 1. . determine the convection heat transfer coefficient for heat transfer between the outer surface of the wire and the air in the room. and the surface temperature of the wire is measured to be 152°C in steady operation. 0.

01885 • Q = h A (Ts – T) .CONVECTION (SOLUTION) • P = VI = (60 V)(1.5 A) = 90 W • As = DL = (0.003 m)(2 m) = 0.

 .T 4 4 Q   (Ts  Tsurr ) 4 s RADIATION .Q   . As .

4 m2 and 30°C. and the ceiling of the house are at an average temperature of 10°C in winter and 25°C in summer. .RADIATION (EXAMPLE) Consider a person standing in a room maintained at 22°C at all times. The inner surfaces of the walls. floors. Determine the rate of radiation heat transfer between this person and the surrounding surfaces if the exposed surface area and the average outer surface temperature of the person are 1.

Q5. Q7 .SIMULTANS MODE Konveksi = Q1. Q8 Konduksi = Q2. Q6 Radiasi = Q3. Q4.

COMPOSITE WALL • Q = Ttot/Rth.tot = Rth.B + Rth.C .A + Rth.tot • Rth.

tot Rth.tot = Jabarkan (tugas) .COMPOSITE WALL Q = Ttot/Rth.

COMPOSITE WALL + CONVEKSI .

COMPOSITE WALL + CONVEKSI .

SILINDER dan BOLA .

SILINDER dan BOLA Silinder : Bola : .

SILINDER dan BOLA Komposit .

SILINDER Komposit = (T1 – T2)/Rtotal .

Hitunglah kalor yang dipindahkan melalui bahan itu per jam per satuan luas.SOAL LATIHAN • Sebuah lapisan serat kaca tebalnya 13 cm.035 W/m. Beda suhu antara kedua permukaan adalah 85 oC. .oC. Konduktivitas termal serat kaca adalah 0.

JAWAB • Diketahui serat kaca • X = 13 cm.8 W/m2 = 22.oC.h/m2 .oC. Konduktivitas •1. • Q/A = 22.4 T 85 oC. termal 0.035 W/m.8 W. delta W/m.

Suhu udara luar 38 oC. Dinding melepaskan kalor ke lingkungan secara konveksi.4 W/m.5 cm.SOAL LATIHAN • Sebuah dinding dilapisi isolasi yang memiliki konduktivitas termal 1. Suhu bagian dalam isolasi adalah 315 oC. .oC setebal 2. Hitunglah nilai koefisien perpindahan panas konveksi (h) agar suhu permukaan luar lapisan isolasi menjadi 41 oC.

.delta T/ x = 15344 W/m2 • h = (Q/A)/T = 5115 W/m2 OC.JAWAB • Q = Q konduksi = Q konveksi • Q konduksi = k.

oC.SOAL LATIHAN • Salah satu sisi dinding mempunyai suhu 100 oC. Hitunglah laju perpindahan kalor melalui dinding. .oC dan tebalnya 40 cm. Dinding memiliki nilai k = 1. sedang sisi lainnya berada dalam lingkungan konveksi dengan T = 10 oC dan h = 10 W/m2.6 W/m.

6 = 0.4/1.25 • R2 (koveksi) = 1/10 = 0.35 = 257 W .1 • R tot = R1 + R2 = 0.35 • Q = delta T/ R tot = 90/0.JAWAB • R1 (konduksi) = 0.

KONDUKSI DG SUMBER KALOR • BIDANG DATAR • SILINDER • BOLA .

KONDUKSI DG SUMBER KALOR .

KONDUKSI DG SUMBER KALOR .

APLIKASI • RADIUS KRITIS ISOLASI .

SIRIP (NEXT) .

CONTOH SIRIP • LIHAT TABEL 3-4 .

SIRIP SANGAT PANJANG .

PANJANG SIRIP TERKOREKSI .

EFISIENSI SIRIP .

EFISIENSI SIRIP .

EFISIENSI SIRIP .

EFISIENSI SIRIP .

EFECTIVITAS SIRIP .

EFISIENSI VS EFEKTIVITAS .

KONDUKSI DUA DIMENSI • FAKTOR BENTUK KONDUKSI (S) : LIHAT TABEL 3-5 • Q = k.S.T .

KONDUKSI TRANSIEN • Steady (Tunak): variabel tidak berubah sebagai fungsi waktu. • Konduksi transien: konduksi yang berubah menurut waktu. . • Transient (Fana): variabel berubah sebagai fungsi waktu.

dimana “temperature of such bodies can be taken to be a function of time only. T(t)” • Parameter: Angka Biot (Bi) • Kriteria Bi  0.1 .PENDEKATAN SOLUSI • Menggunakan metode sistem tergabung (lumped system).

PRINSIP .

• T sebagai fungsi t .

.

Bi • dan .Prosedur • Hitung panjang karakteristik. Lc • Hitung Angka Biot.

• CONTOH: Bola Tembaga .

.

.

the thermal conductivity of water at 20 oC is 0. determine the suitability of a lumped analysis for predicting the temperature of the orange during cooling.597 W/m-K.A 7. Assuming that the orange has properties similar to those of water at 20 °C and that h = 11 W/m2 oC.5 cm diameter orange is subjected to a cold environment. for a sphere . • Solution: From Table B-3 (SI). Also.

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