Energy and Electricity

P1a Energy and energy resources

1. 2. 3. 4.

Heat Transfer Using energy Electrical energy Generating electricity


P1a.1 Heat Transfer

Heat and Temperature
This cup of coffee will ____ ____ because it is _____ ____ heat energy into the surroundings.


Heat is a type of energy that will flow from a warm area to a colder one. For example…

This drink (taken out of the fridge) will _____ ___ because it is _____ ___ heat energy from the surroundings. Words – giving out, warm up, taking in, cool down

What’s hot and what’s not.


Ice berg




Solar Furnace

Surface of the Sun Space

Cup of tea Light bulb



Conduction is all about when heat is transferred through a _________. The heat is passed on by ___________ in the molecules. These vibrations get BIGGER when the solid has more ENERGY (i.e. when it is being __________). Heating a non-metal Heating a metal Metals are _______ conductors than non-metals. This is because the heat is carried by free ________ that can carry the energy around the metal and give it to other electrons and ions. Words – vibrations, electrons, solid, heated, better

Convection is all about when a gas or liquid (“fluid”) moves and carries heat with it. When the fluid is heated it ____________. This means that it will become less __________ than the colder fluid around it. Because of this the warmer fluid will try to “_______” over the colder fluid, and this is why warm air rises. This is called a convection ___________. This is how heat reaches us from the ___________ in this room.


Words to use: expands, radiators, dense, heated, current, float

Conduction and Convection
In CONDUCTION the heat was passed on by VIBRATIONS in a SOLID In CONVECTION the heat is passed on by the FLUID expanding, rising and TAKING THE HEAT with it


Some questions on convection…


1) Freezers in supermarkets are often left open to the air. Explain why the food does not melt easily.

2) Explain why a hot air balloon rises in the air.

3) Explain why an ice cube floating at the top of a drink will cool all of the drink.

An introduction…


I’m cool!

I’m very hot!


Some examples of radiation


Some examples of radiation


Radiation Practical
Time / min 1 2 3 Black Silver


Temperature in each container / 0C Clear

5 6 7 8 9


Radiation is when heat moves around in electromagnetic _________ like light does. Any hot object will emit heat radiation – the hotter it is, the more radiation it emits. This type of radiation is called __________, and too much of it will cause _________. Dark, matt colours will absorb AND emit the _____ infra-red radiation, and light, shiny colours will ________ it.



The main difference with radiation is that conduction and convection could ONLY happen in solids, liquids or gases, whereas radiation will happen through an _____ _____. This is just as well, as otherwise we wouldn’t be able to get any heat from the ___. Words – sun, reflect, infra-red, waves, most, empty space, sunburn

Anything HOT emits HEAT RADIATION – the hotter it is, the more infra red radiation it emits

Understanding Heat Transfer


1) Explain how and where all 3 processes of heat transfer happen in a bonfire

2) By considering how a Thermos Flask is built explain how it manages to keep hot drinks hot and cold drinks cold.

Understanding Heat Transfer 2
3) Car radiators are designed to help car engines lose heat. Explain how they do this.


4) Some houses have solar collectors on their roof. Explain how they work:

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