# 04/05/2012

Energy and Electricity
(AQA)

P1a Energy and energy resources

1. 2. 3. 4.

Heat Transfer Using energy Electrical energy Generating electricity

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P1a.1 Heat Transfer
(AQA)

Heat and Temperature
This cup of coffee will ____ ____ because it is _____ ____ heat energy into the surroundings.

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Heat is a type of energy that will flow from a warm area to a colder one. For example…

This drink (taken out of the fridge) will _____ ___ because it is _____ ___ heat energy from the surroundings. Words – giving out, warm up, taking in, cool down

What’s hot and what’s not.

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Ice berg

Lightning

Egypt

Brangelina

Solar Furnace

Surface of the Sun Space

Cup of tea Light bulb

Conduction

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Conduction is all about when heat is transferred through a _________. The heat is passed on by ___________ in the molecules. These vibrations get BIGGER when the solid has more ENERGY (i.e. when it is being __________). Heating a non-metal Heating a metal Metals are _______ conductors than non-metals. This is because the heat is carried by free ________ that can carry the energy around the metal and give it to other electrons and ions. Words – vibrations, electrons, solid, heated, better

Convection
Convection is all about when a gas or liquid (“fluid”) moves and carries heat with it. When the fluid is heated it ____________. This means that it will become less __________ than the colder fluid around it. Because of this the warmer fluid will try to “_______” over the colder fluid, and this is why warm air rises. This is called a convection ___________. This is how heat reaches us from the ___________ in this room.

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Words to use: expands, radiators, dense, heated, current, float

Conduction and Convection
In CONDUCTION the heat was passed on by VIBRATIONS in a SOLID In CONVECTION the heat is passed on by the FLUID expanding, rising and TAKING THE HEAT with it

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Some questions on convection…

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1) Freezers in supermarkets are often left open to the air. Explain why the food does not melt easily.

2) Explain why a hot air balloon rises in the air.

3) Explain why an ice cube floating at the top of a drink will cool all of the drink.

An introduction…

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I’m cool!

I’m very hot!

Predator!

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Time / min 1 2 3 Black Silver

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Temperature in each container / 0C Clear

4
5 6 7 8 9

10

Radiation is when heat moves around in electromagnetic _________ like light does. Any hot object will emit heat radiation – the hotter it is, the more radiation it emits. This type of radiation is called __________, and too much of it will cause _________. Dark, matt colours will absorb AND emit the _____ infra-red radiation, and light, shiny colours will ________ it.

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The main difference with radiation is that conduction and convection could ONLY happen in solids, liquids or gases, whereas radiation will happen through an _____ _____. This is just as well, as otherwise we wouldn’t be able to get any heat from the ___. Words – sun, reflect, infra-red, waves, most, empty space, sunburn

Anything HOT emits HEAT RADIATION – the hotter it is, the more infra red radiation it emits

Understanding Heat Transfer

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1) Explain how and where all 3 processes of heat transfer happen in a bonfire

2) By considering how a Thermos Flask is built explain how it manages to keep hot drinks hot and cold drinks cold.

Understanding Heat Transfer 2
3) Car radiators are designed to help car engines lose heat. Explain how they do this.

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4) Some houses have solar collectors on their roof. Explain how they work: