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1xEV-DO Rev A Release 4.0 and 5.

0 Brief
Michel Cazayoux CDMA Access Product Marketing August 2008

BUSINESS MADE SIMPLE

What will we cover today?

Brief Market Trends, Projections, Applications, Nortel POR 4.0 5.0 1xEV-DO Rev A Releases 4.0 and 5.0 Highlighted Features Highlighted Features

What will we cover today?

Brief Market Trends, Projections, Applications, Nortel POR 4.0 5.0 1xEV-DO Rev A Releases 4.0 and 5.0 Highlighted Features Highlighted Features

Trends
Customers, Subs, Networks, ARPU

Almost 100 million EVDO users! A 49% increase in one year! 6.5 million new subs in one quarter!

Annual % in Data ARPU

19% 33% 39% 16%

Sub count, ARPU from data, Data ARPU: Up! Up! Up!
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Projections
Applications, Revenue, Concurrency
Mobile Business

Mobile Consumer

~430 million by 2012


VoIP Conversation Video Sharing Video Telephony Interactive Gaming
Time

~560 million by 2012

Projections for a busy, but profitable EVDO future


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Applications
Rev A hones QoE and enables a multitude of apps
QoS efficiency capacity

Music Video TV
bandwidth, capacity

All IP

EVDO
ubiquity
security low latency

band width

Mobile Office, UC
latency, bandwidth, All-IP, QOS

Latency, QoS, All-IP

PtT PtV PtX

mCommerce
security

Mobile Voice & VoIP


mobility, ubiquity, efficiency

Nortel
Value, Leadership, Customer Successes

BTS

Backhaul

RNC

Core Network

Simple

Success

What will we cover today?

Brief Market Trends, Projections, Applications, Nortel POR 4.0 5.0 1xEV-DO Rev A Releases 4.0 and 5.0 Highlighted Features Highlighted Features

1xEV-DO 4.0 POR


Air Interface / Resource Mgmt
1xEV-DO Basic Rev A Support Faster Fwd & Reverse Links Inter-Revision Management Inter-Frequency Hard Handoff & Triggers Distance-Based Paging OM & Log Enhancements Commercial PTT, VOIP/Video Telephony Enablers Enhanced Idle State (Slotted Mode) Intra User QoS Multi-flow RLP Data over signaling Multi-User Packets Short Packets Low Latency Sector Switching Traffic prior to receiving TCC

4.0
RNC
Rev-0/A Support on RNC Availability SC Hot Standby A10 Session Recovery Capacity RNC 8600 (HC RNC) RNSM Load Balancing RIP Route Filters Overload Control Framework introduction & handling of mass call events EMS Enhancements Increased EMS Scalability 500 -> 1000 DOMs OM and Data Collection Enhancements Real Time Database Replication Reports Security Oracle / OS Hardening Centralized authentication via RADIUS Password Hardening (eg Radius) Activity Journaling SSH Support Encryption of OA&M Between EMS NEs Inactivity Timers

EMS

BTS - DOM and Backhaul


Rev A support on BTS/DOM 120 Channel Element Support Base-band Rise Over Thermal - MFRM3 Multi-link PPP Fractional T1 / E1 Support

1xEV-DO 5.0 POR


Air Interface / Resource Mgmt
Quality of Service: Additional RLP & RTCMAC QoS Flows On demand Allocation of CSM Driver Flows Support for 768 Driver flows in DOM-A IP flow based accounting Applications Enablers Sub-synchronous Control Channel Access Terminal Class Override EMFPA and RoHC Support Short Control Channel Packets & Lower Control Channel Rate OMs & Logging CSL Enhancements Rel 5.0 Performance OMs Session Track RF Performance Enhancements Improve network performance (DCITO, UATI Robustness, Tune-away OM)

5.0

RNC
RNC Clustering 4 chassis per Cluster Geographic Clustering Availability: Network Initiated Session Recovery

EMS
EMS Enhancements OM Template Configuration GUI: context launch of NE Policy failing scenarios Monitoring Alarm Remap (downgrade/upgrade alarms) Inventory Data Enhancements Platform Enhancements Scalability Enhancements for 1320 NEs. Introduce N440x4 hardware for higher capacity Disk Space Relief Enhancements Miscellaneous Enhancements CLI Enhancements allow passthru access into NE CLI DO-EMS CLI query of DOM/RNC status status of NEs

BTS DOM and Backhaul


192 CEs Delivery of QC 1.3 Driver w/ 72 incremental CEs Backhaul Enhancements 1-Way Backhaul Delay Measurement

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What will we cover today?

Brief Market Trends, Projections, Applications, Nortel POR 4.0 5.0 1xEV-DO Rev A Releases 4.0 and 5.0 Highlighted Features Highlighted Features

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Air Interface and Resource Mgmt

4.0

Forward Link Enhancements


114 MAC Indices in Rev A, 59 in Rel 0 Improved rate quantization 1.536 and 3.072 Mbps Improved packing efficiency Multi-user frame, shorter packets Four new packet sizes 128, 256, 512, 5120 bits

Reverse Link Enhancements


Higher Peak Data Rate Rev 0 153.6 kbps Rev A 1.8 Mbps Rev A adds higher order modulation (QPSK 8-PSK) Increase Sector Throughput Enhanced Interference control through QRAB/FRAB

Rev A provides key features to support PTT Call Setup Delay Reduction
Higher Access Channel Rates Enhanced Idle State Data over Signaling Multi-flow RLP

Voice Latency Reduction


Intra-User QoS Multi-flow RLP Multi-User Packets Short Packets Low Latency Sector Switching

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What is QoS and Why is it Important?


Enables different types of traffic to share the resources
Applications can be treated with different priority based on their QoS constraints

4.0

Prioritize by packet TYPE


AS Application Signaling DS Delay Sensitive

RS Rate Sensitive
BE Best Effort Each Packet gets exactly what it needs, when it needs it.

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Faster Sector Switching


4.0

Rev 0: DRC alone indicates ATs intent to switch cells AT waits on new sector for data transition DSC Channel indicates ATs intent to switch cells Data Source Control (DSC) channel allows the AT to send its cell selection independent of the DRC

AN begins the transition to the new cell while the AT continues to use its DRC to receive data from the current cell

Minimizes inter-cell handoff time and reduces overall latency

RNC

Ready for transmission


Serving sector Handoff zone New sector

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DOM-A Enhancements
Capacity increased to 192 Channel Elements
Increase in channel element capacity required to support real time applications

4.0

3.2 4.0

96 CEs 120 CEs

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Multi-Link PPP (MLPPP)


Reduces # of Abis T1s/E1s Up to four links are pooled Provides trunking efficiency and, therefore, higher throughput Increased Reliability Link failure does not cause disruption to service Router can react faster to failed link compared to present situation where RNC is required to detect the failure Simplifies Implementation
Balances load over links Widely supported feature in routers IP Planning simplified to one /30

4.0

Reduces the differential delay Reduces out-of-order packets

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Rel 4.0 BTS / DOM-A Features


Fractional T1/E1 Support

4.0
Existing Configuration

Cell Site BTS DOM XCEM 1 T1/E1 2T1/E1

CO Site Aggr Router DO-RNC

DCG

BSC

Pre-release 4.0 typically requires 3 T1s (2 full T1s for the DOM traffic and 1 fractional T1 for DCG for OAM traffic)

Cell Site BTS DOM XCEM DCG

Rel 4.0 Fractional T1/E1 Configuration


1 T1/E1 Aggr Router

CO Site DO-RNC DOM (20 DS0s) BSC OA&M (4 DSOs)

DOM (20 DS0s)


T1 MUX 1 T1/E1
OA&M (4 DSOs) + DOM (20 DS0s)

In Release 4.0, Fractional T1/E1 Support allows DOM to interface to a fractional T1/E1 Fractional T1/E1 support can eliminate 1 T1/E1 by utilizing existing daisy chain capability of the BTS DOM Bearer Traffic 17 BTS OA&M

RNC8600 in 4.0: Platform Overview


16-slot Compact PCI Chassis Same form factor & sparing as the 8500 RNC 8 RNSMs 4 BIO/ BIOTM 2 SC / SCTM 2 HSC

4.0

No change in redundancy structure


Existing & High-Capacity Modules cannot be mixed within a chassis. Existing chassis with existing cards, new chassis with new HC cards Capacity Gains Throughput/Connection: 2X DOM Homing: 2X Sessions: 4X Session/Connection/Paging Rates: 2X
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What will we cover today?

Brief Market Trends, Projections, Applications, Nortel POR 4.0 5.0 1xEV-DO Rev A Releases 4.0 and 5.0 Highlighted Features Highlighted Features

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R5.0: Enhanced Quality of Service


More capacity & robustness for real-time app

5.0

> More QoS flows (up to 7) to support different type of applications


Specifically target for VoIP and Push-to-Talk (PTT). Separation of VoIP and PTT flows = More optimal performance & capacity for each.

> Dynamic allocation of QoS resources = Ability to support more users with better resource utilization.
Delay Sensitive Flow
VoIP/VT audio bearer w/ multiple frame bundling VoIP/VT audio bearer w/ single frame bundling PTT audio bearer w/ multiple frame bundling PTT audio bearer w/ single frame bundling

Delay Performance Better

High priority Applications, e.g. voice packets

Application Signaling Flow Rate Sensitive Flow

Signaling for low latency Applications

High bandwidth Applications, e.g. video streaming Delay tolerant Applications e.g. web surfing.

Best Effort Flow

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R5.0: Better Spectral Efficiency


Enhanced Multi-flow Packet Application (EMFPA)

5.0

> With EMFPA, Nortel 1xEV-DO R5.0 will substantially reduce the overhead message for packet voice Via the use of packet-based RLP, instead of PPP/HDLC. And Robust Header Compression (RoHC), which provide compression on the IP, UDP and RTP headers. > For instance, a voice header of 40 bytes can be reduced to just about 2 bytes. Together with 22 bytes of VoIP audio data, the total of 24 bytes can now be carried in a single reverse link 1xEV-DO Rev A subframe.

Higher Spectral Efficiency with EMFPA means More Capacity for VoIP users Less delay for voice applications
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R 5.0: Real-time Performance Summary


Offer more than just broadband data!!

5.0

Features in Nortel 1xEV-DO Rev A solution


Quality of Service (QoS) Rev A Enhanced Idle State Rev A Data over Signaling (DoS) Higher Access Channel Rate Sub-sync Ctrl Channel

Enhanced Multiflow Packet Application (EMFPA) More QoS Supports More flows Robust Header Compression (RoHC) Packet-based RLP (Elimination PPP/HDLC Framing) Dynamic driver flows

+
Signaling Compression (SIGComp) SIP Signaling Optimization

Carrier-grade Performance for Real-time Applications


> Push-To-X Setup time (push to beep): Less than 1 sec. > VoIP Call Setup time: Less than 3 sec -> Better than 1xRTT. > Push-to-X and VoIP Call Capacity: Better than current circuit-switch networks
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DOM-A Enhancements
Capacity increased to 192 Channel Elements
Increase in channel element capacity required to support real time applications

5.0

Support for 768 driver flows

3.2 4.0 5.0


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96 CEs 120 CEs 192 CEs

R5.0: RNC Clustering


RNC RNC RNC
IP Network

5.0
RNC
One DO-RNC Cluster with up to 4 DO-RNCs

DOM

DOM

DOM

DOM

DOM

DOM

DOM

DOM

Single EV-DO Subnet

Up to 4 RNCs can be clustered together Clustering software works with current and future RNC hardware platforms Mix of chassis with Existing Modules and chassis with High Capacity modules Benefits of RNC Cluster w/ full mesh architecture: Lower cost of ownership DO session load sharing across all RNCs within cluster Seamless growth and expansion without service interruptions Geo-redundancy with RNC Cluster: Reliability robustness

Flexible Architecture to allow for Scalable Expansion RNC Clustering & Load Sharing: Cost $aving Both CapEx and OpEx !!!
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Clustering: Seamless Network Growth


Pre-Cluster adds are expensive, time-consuming

5.0

Case 1: NO RNC Clustering


RNC 1 RNC 2 RNC 1 RNC 2

RNC 3

New DO sites Rehomed Sites

RNC 3

Growth in a particular RNC drives the demand to re-distribute the traffic load to other neighboring RNCs.

Re-distribute = Rehome DOM to neighboring RNCs = New RNC borders

New borders = another round of inter-RNC optimization..! (est. of more than $119k per Rehome) & Customer Service Interruption..!!!
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Clustering: Seamless Network Growth


Improving Performance, Reducing Cost

5.0

Case 2: With RNC Clustering

One Logical RNC

New DO sites

One Logical RNC

Growth in traffic demand in particular areas can/will be absorbed or shared across a larger resource pool within the cluster. Thus, still NO RNC borders, and NO need for optimization. Superior Network Performance by nature Reducing both CapEx and OpEx.
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RNC Roadmap Subnet Capacity


3.2
1 RNC8500

5.0
7.0
8 RNC8600s

4.0
1 RNC8600

5.0
4 RNC8600s

6.0
6 RNC8600s

8.0
4 RNC8600s + 4 ATCA RNCs

1x

2x

8x

12x

16x

Up to 40x

Capacity Metrics
Release Date: RNSM Throughput RNC Throughput Subnet Pri/Total Homing EVDO Sessions Connections

RNC8500
25 Mbps 175 Mbps 520/800 (5.0) 140,000 10,500

RNC8600
4.0, 2007 50 Mbps 350 Mbps 1320/1600 560,000 21,000

ATCA RNC
2009 1x 8500 Up to 4x 8600 1320/1600 Up to 4x 8600 Up to 4x 8600

ATCA RNC

RNC 8600

Cluster size Equivalent of up to 20 RNC8600s !


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Thank you! http://nortel.com/cdma

BUSINESS MADE SIMPLE

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BUSINESS MADE SIMPLE.


This is our mission. Its not a slogan or a tagline. Its the philosophy behind everything we build and deploy. Its our promise to customers. Its how the challenge of Hyperconnectivity will become the greatest of opportunities.

BUSINESS MADE SIMPLE

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RNC Capacities

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Advertised Average Peak Rates


Typical download speeds average 6001400 kbps based on our network tests with 5 MB FTP data files, without compression. Typical upload speeds average 500800 kbps. Actual speeds and coverage may vary. If usage exceeds 5 GB/line/month, we reserve the right to reduce throughput speeds to a maximum of approximately 200 Kbps.

With the evolution to EV-DO Revision A, users in markets where it is rolled out, will experience faster average download speeds of 600 kbps - 1.4 Mbps and average upload speeds of 350 - 500 kbps.

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