Speech Recognition Ppt | Speech Recognition | Applied Mathematics

# BIOMETRICS

• USES PHYSICAL OR BEHAVIOURAL CHARACTERISTICS

DIFFERENT TYPES OF BIOMETRICS

BIOMETRIC SYSTEM

VOICE RECOGNITION
• RECOGNIZES PEOPLE FROM THEIR VOICES • VOICE IS A UNIQUE CHARACTER TRAIT • VOICE DEPENDS ON MANY FACTORS • TYPES OF VOICE RECOGNITION

SPEECH AND SPEAKER RECOGNTION
• SPEECH->WHAT?

• SPEAKER->WHO?

SPEAKER RECOGNITION

Classification –Styles of input
Speaker Recognition Speaker Identification
Technology of determining an unknown speaker's identity.

Speaker Verification
A technology that verifies a speaker’s identity based on the speaker’s voice.

Classification – Styles of input
Speaker Recognition

Text Independent Text Dependent

Text Prompted

Fixed Phrase

Fixed Phrase

Speaker #2 Speaker #1

...

Speaker #n

Feature Extractor Speaker Modeling

Under preparation

Hypotheses space

Hypothesis representation
define Hypotheses space Search Training examples Desired hypothesis

Best fit?

Markov Models
• Model to capture extracted voice features • Probablistic process • state diagrams- states , transitions • applied in weather forecasts,dna x —modelling hidden states
y — observable outputs a — transition probabilities b — output probabilities

• Coin toss method • 2 coins A,B: head or tail of any one may appear which is a probability • feature vectors correspond to head /tail • state corresponds to the coins A/B

Hidden markov models
• Observations are probablistic functions of states: urn and ball model • main elements of hmm • {1,2…N}-individual states ,the initial state time being qt • {v1,v1…vm}-observation symbols • state -transition probability

• Observation symbol probability distribution • B = {bik = P(ok | qi)} • initial state distribution • Π = {pi = P(qi at t=1)}. • System is given by:

• F= (A, B, Π).

Baye’s rule P(A).P(B|A) = P(B).P(A|B)

P(Fj|OT) = P(OT|Fj).P(Fj) P(OT) Fj speaker model OT feature vector of test utterance

SPEAKER IDENTIFICATION

The model with maximum probability of P(Fj|OT) is identified as speaker.

Speaker X

Feature vectors O1,O2,….OT

Speaker Y
Speaker Z

Speaker with max probability

Identified

SPEAKER VERIFICATION

Target model FA Background models

FB

 P(FA|OT) P(OT|FA).P(FA)/P(OT) P(FB|OT) P(OT|FB).P(FB)/P(OT)

 taking log X = log[P(OT|FA)] – log[P(OT|FB)]

Speaker verification

Speaker Y Feature vectors O1,O2,.. OT

X Imposter 1 Imposter 2 Imposter 3

X>=0, accept X<0, reject

APPLICATIONS OF SPEAKER RECOGNITION
• USED TO SECURE OUR COMPUTER PASSWORDS • USED IN ATM’S • POTENTIAL APLLICATIONS