THE ROAD SYSTEM IN INDIA AND ITS IMPORTANCE

By, Bhargav, Revanth, Aakash, Chaitanya, Kartavya and Abhiram

It has one of the most well connected road systems in the world which covers every nook and corner of India. • India’s infrastructure s a lot in terms of quantity but the quality of the roads are not so good. .INTRODUCTION • India has one of the largest road systems in the world.

the country has crossed many spheres of road travel.of earlier times to the present-day Rajpath of Delhi . • Roadways in India have come a long way. state highways. . • Mentions to road constructions have been mentioned as early as the Atharva Veda. Starting from the pugdandies. district roads and village roads.ROADS IN INDIA • India's road network consists of national highways.

.ROADS IN INDIA • The main periods in which India’s road development was in golden stages was: • -The Gupta and the Maurya Period • -The Mughal Period • -The period of the rule of the British.

Imagine our life's without roads.IMPORTANCE • We may not think of it but we use roads almost everyday in our life. • Roads are the vital lifelines of the economy making possible trade and commerce. • Roads facilitate movement of both men and materials anywhere within a country . They are present everywhere.

IMPORTANCE • It is a relatively cheaper mode of transport as compared to other modes. .

Ahemdabad. are also served by the network. and Surat. Chennai and Kolkata.THE GOLDEN QUADRILATERAL • The Golden Quadrilateral is a highway network connecting India's four largest metropolises: Delhi. Pune. . • Four other top ten metropolises: Bangalore. Mumbai.

it is the first phase of the National Highway Development Project (NHDP).846 km (3. initiated by Atal Bihari Vajpayee.THE GOLDEN QUADRILATERAL • This highway project . .3 billion).633 mi) of four/six lane express highways at a cost of (US$13. and consists of building 5.

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As of September 2010.317 billion (at 1999 prices). It is the second phase of the National Highways Development Project (NHDP) • It consists of building 7300 kilometers of four/six lane expressways connecting Srinagar. at a cost of US$ 12. THE EAST-WEST CORRIDOR & THE NORTH-SOUTH CORRIDOR .• The North South . Porbandar and Silchar. Kanyakumari. 5258 of 7300 km project has been completed.East West Corridor (NS-EW) is the largest ongoing highway project in India.

000 km (42. • Most of the National highways are only two laned(one lane on each side) .000 miles). • The National Highways are the primary longdistance roadways and span about 67.NATIONAL HIGHWAYS • National Highways are the major Highways of India which connect almost all the places in India.

and the rest 14 % is four-lane/ six-lane/ eight lane standard .NATIONAL HIGHWAYS • National highways carry approximately 40 % of the total traffic but they are only 2 % of the entire road network • Out of total length of national highways . whereas 59 % is double-lane standard. 27 % is single lane/intermediate lane.

• The shortest National highway is the NH 47A connecting Kundanoor Junction in Kochi city to the Kochi port at Willingdon Island which is surprisingly only 5.369 kilometers from Varanasi to Kanyakumari.9 km .FACTS ON THE NATIONAL HIGHWAY • The longest National Highway is the NH 7 which stretches across a distance of 2.

28.EXISTING ROADWAYS WITH THEIR LENGTH • NATIONAL HIGHWAYS STATE HIGHWAYS 66.50.000 KM .754 KM 1.70.000 KM DISTRICT ROADS 4.000 KM VILLAGE ROADS 26.

7 1.0 Roadways 3.9 1.0 2005-06 6.8 4.6 1.8 4.0 2008-09 6.Share of Transport in India’s GDP Sector Sector Transport of which: Railways 19992000 5.8 4.0 2007-08 6.7 1. It also shows the individual contribution of the Road and the Railway sector to the GDP respectively • You can notice that the road sector’s contribution to the GDP is increasing and the railways contribution is slowly decreasing .8 • The above table shows the contribution of the Transport sector to the GDP of the nation.3 2004-05 6.8 1.7 1.8 4.8 4.0 2006-07 6.

Condition of the Roads .

Proposed Expressway near Delhi .

CONCLUSION • Transport is the lifeline of any economy. . it is essential to have good roads. • The government should build roads with proper planning which last longer so that we have better infrastructure for the years to come. To ensure smooth movement of transport.

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