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GPS Measurement Protocol

GPS Measurement Protocol

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GPS Measurement Protocol

Goals for the Training Session


Provide an inquiry context for the data collection and science content Provide accurate science content Review procedures for data collection Review data entry and analysis Discuss classroom implementation ideas Collect feedback from participants
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GPS Measurement Protocol

Inquiry Context
Are there patterns visible in the mapped data? What Earth system factors may explain differences in data from the same latitude around the globe?
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GPS Measurement Protocol

Local Inquiry Example

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GPS Measurement Protocol

Why do GLOBE scientists use GPS?


Locates your school & GLOBE study sites Provides accurate geographic coordinates for GLOBE data allowing others to analyze the data from a spatial perspective The locations are in a form that is easily used by anyone around the world

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GPS Measurement Protocol

Science Content: Global Positioning System (GPS)

RS_Vis_14

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GPS Measurement Protocol

Science Content: Latitude & Longitude


1 degree of latitude = ~111 km 1 degree of longitude = 0 km Magnetic Declination

1 degree of longitude = ~111 km


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GPS Measurement Protocol

Science Content: Elevation


GPS elevation measures in reference to the Ellipsoid. Topographic elevation is measured in reference to the Geoid.

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GPS Measurement Protocol

Instruments: GPS Receiver & Magnetic Compass

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GPS Measurement Protocol

The Measurements
GPS Measurement
Latitude Longitude Elevation

Offset GPS (only as needed)


True North Corrected Latitude Longitude Elevation

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GPS Measurement Protocol

Collecting Data: Field/Lab Guides & Data Sheets


Field/Lab Guides: GPS Protocol Field Guide Offset GPS Protocol Field Guide
Data Sheets: GPS Investigation Site Location Data Sheet GPS Investigation Data Sheet Offset GPS Measurements Data Work Sheet
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GPS Measurement Protocol

Collecting Data: Protocol


GPS Measurement
Hold vertically away from body Wait until you acquire at least four satellites At one minute intervals record 5 measurements:

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Latitude Longitude Elevation Time Number of satellites 2D or 3D

Average measurements

GPS Measurement Protocol

Collecting Data: Protocol


Offset GPS

Determine True North


Move either north of south from Study Site until GPS reception is good Measure distance from Study Site Divide by (11 meters/.0001 degrees) to get latitude correction In the northern hemisphere, add (if you took reading south of study site) or subtract (if you took reading to the north of study site) latitude correction Record corrected GPS measurement
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GPS Measurement Protocol

Enter Data on the GLOBE Web Site


Step 1: Select Define, Edit, or Update a Site from the site definition data entry menu Step 2: Select the site you wish to enter GPS data for Step 3: Enter GPS data for the observation or measurement sites needed Step 4: Confirm data entries on verification page
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GPS Measurement Protocol

Looking at the Data

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GPS Measurement Protocol

Classroom Implementation
Inquiry Curriculum/Standards Alignment Assessment Classroom Management

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GPS Measurement Protocol

Getting Started
The GLOBE Web site has information http://www.globe.gov GLOBE Help Desk or your Country Coordinator can support you as you get started. Get your students involved doing real science!
Draft 2005