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•The discovery of the kite that could fly in the air by the Chinese started humans thinking about flying •In the 1400’s Leonardo de Vinci designed a magnificent flying machine. .•Man has always dreamed of flying.

A Dream Come True • 1783 .the First Hot Air Balloon .Joseph and Jacques Montgolfier.

A Dream Come True .

How we did That! .

An engine spinning a propeller or a jet engine expelling hot air out the tailpipe are examples of thrust. and flows neatly off its tapered trailing edge. Thrust is the force that propels an object forward. the force of weight is countered by the forces of lift and thrust. Air divides smoothly around a wing's rounded leading edge. Different wing shapes greatly affect drag. and is affected by the shape of the wing. thrust is created by muscles making the wings flap. In bats. . The higher air pressure beneath a wing creates lift.. Drag is the resistance of the air to anything moving through it.Basic Principles of flying ! Lift is a positive force caused by the difference in air pressure under and above a wing. In flight.this is called streamlining. Changing a wing's angle of attack affects the speed of the air flowing over the wing and the amount of lift that the wing creates.. Weight is the force that causes objects to fall downwards.

It’s Flying • Airplane flight is explained by : – Newton’s Third Law.) – Conservation of Momentum. – Bernoulli’s Law (is a consequence of Newton’s Laws. – Coanda Effect. .

They provide the vital thrust to get planes in the air and keep them moving.Thrust • Other key features of flight are the engines. .

Parts of a Plane .

How does a Pilot Control the Plane? .


General Aviation(100-350 MPH). Most of the early planes were only able to fly at this speed level. Subsonic (350-750 MPH). and seaplanes that can land on water. The speed is just below the speed of sound. However. two and four seater passenger planes. . Examples of this regime are the small crop dusters used by farmers for their fields. This category contains most of the commercial jets that are used today to move passengers and cargo. Early engines were not as powerful as they are today. this regime is still used today by smaller planes. Engines today are lighter and more powerful and can travel quickly with large loads of people or goods.

Hypersonic (3500-7000 MPH .Supersonic (760-3500 MPH .Mach 1 .Mach 5 to Mach 10). Rockets travel at speeds 5 to 10 times the speed of sound as they go into orbit.Mach 5). They are also designed with lightweight materials to provide less drag. It is also called MACH 1. 760 MPH is the speed of sound. . An example of a hypersonic vehicle is the X15. New materials and very powerful engines were developed to handle this rate of speed. The Concorde is an example of this regime of flight. These planes can fly up to 5 times the speed of sound. Planes in this regime have specially designed high performance engines. The space shuttle is also an example of this regime. which is rocket powered.

Thank You Very Much! .