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By 王哲君 李萍 黄丽茵 程粉香 Class 0207
What are linguistic competence and performance? .
knowledge of language. competence is the ideal Performance is i. This means a person’s ability to create and understand sentences. including sentences they have never heard before. the actual use of the language by idealized but not a real person who would have a individuals in speech and complete writing. an speaker/hearer. .According to Chomsky.e.
Act 1 Place : in the classroom Teacher Huang Liyin Hattie Li Ping .
Five minutes later… .
►Evidently. couldhow you use number you and add if this knowledge long sentences desired. knowledge. Itstop at three. Very in actual speech production possible. and applying this or adding modifiers to a noun. linguistic performance. but are theoretically and comprehension. whether you is a difference betweeneighteen adjectives. which is your they are highly improbable. there is a ► Speakers’ linguistic knowledge difference between having permits them to form longer the knowledge necessary joining and longer sentences by to produce sentences of a sentences and phases together language. . it five or what you know. which is your to limit the is impossible linguistic competence.
At some stage in the act of producing speech. we usually wish to convey some message. or produce slips of the tongue. We may stammer. or pause. we must organize our thoughts into strings of words. . who illustrates the difference between linguistic knowledge and the way we use that knowledge in performance. Sometimes the message is garbled.When we speak. We may even sound like the baby.
The apple looks It must be Apple lovely… delicious… want!! I want to eat it… .
.Gleitman Professor of Psychology. He once recorded a talk between a seven year old girl and her mother.
Huang Liyin Little girl----Cheng Fenxiang Professor----------Li Ping .Act 2 Mother---------.
Linguistic competence of native language One can recognize whether the word belongs to his native language. Slip * slib * sbill .g. e.
such as prefix. suffix. e.Linguistic competence of native language ►He also can know the morphology.g. Re-cuddle nonderiveable en-rich-en * .
e. The accident was seen by thousands. . * The accident was looked by thousands.g.Linguistic competence of native language ► He can distinguish sentence and non-sentences.
g. e. The cow was found by the farmer.Linguistic competence of native language ► He can distinguish some sentences which have the same structure but the different meanings. The cow was found by the stream. .
Linguistic competence of native language ► He can know some sentences with different structure. . The police examined the bullet. The bullet was examined by the police. but related meanings. e.g.
The dispute about the derivation of linguistic competence Produced by the influence of the environment. is the human inherent ability. Produced by both influence of the environment and human inherent ability. It .
语言以外的因素 语言使用 理解 语言能力 产生 语言运用机制 语义 句法 大脑机制 语音 .
The end ^_^ .